FS-Rules_2017_V1_1


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FormulaStudentRules2017
C
ONTENTS
Changelog
3
Abbreviations
5
AAdministrativeRegulations7
Contents
DVDriverlessVehicles86
DV1VehicleRequirementsandRestrictions..........................
86
DV2AutonomousSystem....................................
87
DV3EmergencyBrakeSystem(EBS)..............................
89
DV4Sensors...........................................
91
INTechnicalInspections93
IN1General...........................................
93
IN2Pre-Inspection.......................................
95
IN3[EV
ONLY
]AccumulatorInspection...........................
96
IN4[EV
ONLY
]ElectricalInspection.............................
96
IN5MechanicalInspection...................................
97
IN6[DV
ONLY
]DriverlessInspection.............................
98
IN7TiltTest...........................................
99
IN8VehicleWeighing......................................
99
IN9[EV
ONLY
]RainTest...................................
99
IN10[CV
ONLY
]NoiseTest...................................
100
IN11BrakeTest.........................................
101
IN12PostEventInspection...................................
101
SStaticEvents
103
S1BusinessPlanPresentationEvent(BPP)..........................
103
S2CostandManufacturingEvent...............................
104
S3EngineeringDesignEvent.................................
108
S4[DV
ONLY
]AutonomousDesignEvent..........................
110
DDynamicEventRegulations113
D1DynamicEventsGeneral..................................
113
D2DrivingRules........................................
113
D3WeatherConditions....................................
116
D4SkidpadEvent.......................................
116
D5AccelerationEvent.....................................
118
D6AutocrossEvent......................................
119
D7EnduranceandEfciencyEvent..............................
120
D8[DV
ONLY
]TrackdriveandEfciencyEvent.......................
125
D9DynamicEventsPenalties.................................
127
FormulaStudentRules2017Version:1.1
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of128
FormulaStudentRules2017
C
HANGELOG
RuleVersionChange
A4.3.11.1Teammembersdonotneedtobestudentsoftheteams'suniversity
A5.2.11.1Twodeputiesmayalsouploadteamdocuments
A6.1.11.1Removaloftractivesystemaccumulatorsprohibited
Contents
RuleVersionChange
EV4.13.61.1AddedexplicitTSALroll-overprotectionrequirement
EV4.13.71.1TSALvisibilityfornewaerorules
EV4.13.81.1AddedTSALtoSCS
EV5.1.71.1ClaricationofBSPDerrorhandling
EV5.4.61.1AddedindicatortoSCS
FormulaStudentRules2017Version:1.1
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FormulaStudentRules2017
A
BBREVIATIONS
AAIR
ASFAddItemRequest
ADR
AutonomousDesignReport
AIP
AntiIntrusionPlate
AIR
AccumulatorIsolationRelay
AMI
AutonomousMissionIndicator
AMS
AccumulatorManagementSystem
APPS
AcceleratorPedalPositionSensor
ASF
AutonomousSystemForm
ASMS
AutonomousSystemMasterSwitch
ASR
AutonomousSystemResponsible
ASRQ
ASRQualication
ASSI
AutonomousSystemStatusIndicator
BOM
BillofMaterial
BOTS
BrakeOver-TravelSwitch
BPES
BusinessPlanExecutiveSummary
BPP
BusinessPlanPresentationEvent
BSE
BrakeSystemEncoder
BSPD
BrakeSystemPlausibilityDevice
CBOM
CostedBillofMaterial
CCP
ChargingConnectorandPower
CRD
CostReportDocuments
CV
InternalCombustionEngineVehicle
DI
DirectInjection
DNA
DidNotAttempt
DNF
DidNotFinish
DOO
DownorOut
DSS
Abbreviations
SE3D
StructuralEquivalency3DModel
SES
FormulaStudentRules2017
AA
DMINISTRATIVE
R
EGULATIONS
A1C
OMPETITION
O
VERVIEW
A2VehicleEligibility
CV&EVDV
StaticEvents:
BusinessPlanPresentation75points75points
CostandManufacturing100points100points
EngineeringDesign150points150points
AutonomousDesign-175points
DynamicEvents:
SkidPad75points75points
Acceleration75points75points
Autocross100points-
Endurance325points-
Efciency100points100points
Trackdrive-250points
Total1000points1000points
Table3
:
Maximumpointsawarded
A2V
EHICLE
E
LIGIBILITY
A3RulesofConduct
A2.3.3
Forallrulesthatarenotcoveredin
A2
A4GeneralRequirementsforTeams&Participants
A3.6QuestionsabouttheRules
A3.6.1
Questionsabouttherulesmaybeaskedtotheofcials.
A3.6.2
A4GeneralRequirementsforTeams&Participants
A4.3StudentStatus
A4.3.1
Teammembersmustbeenrolledasdegreeseekingundergraduateorgraduatestudentsin
anyuniversity.Teammemberswhohavegraduatedwithinthesevenmonthperiodpriorto
A5Documentation&Deadlines
A5Documentation&Deadlines
A5.2.2
Uploadeddocumentsmayonlybeviewedbymembersofthesubmittingteam,authorized
judgesandofcials.
A5.2.3
A5Documentation&Deadlines
A5.5.4
Applicationswillbedeclinedifthereworkisinadequateorde-registrationwascausedby
misbehavioroftheteam.
A5.6VehicleStatusVideo(VSV)
A5.6.1
A6GeneralRules
A5.6.8
Ifateamreceivesa“fail”foritsvideoaftertheVSVdeadline,theteamhas
72
hours,
beginningfromthepointofnotication,toimprovethevideoanduploaditagainforanew
A6GeneralRules
A6.3.2
[DV
ONLY
]
DriversthatwanttooperateaDVvehicleinmanualmodeonthetesttrackare
requiredtoattendtheteambriengaswell.
A6.3.3
[DV
ONLY
A6GeneralRules
A6.5.4
Anyoperationproducinglitterordebris,e.g.cuttingofcarbonber,shouldnotbeperformed
inthepits.
A6.5.5
Whenjackingupthevehicleasafe,stable,loadratedsupportdevicemustbeused.
A6.5.6
Theuseofmotorcycles,quads,bicycles,scooters,skateboards,rollerbladesorsimilarperson-
A6GeneralRules
A6.8[CV
ONLY
]EngineRunning
A6.8.1
Runningofenginesisnotallowedinthepits.
A6.8.2
Enginerunningisallowedintheenginetestareaandinthedynamicarea,whenthefollowing
FormulaStudentRules2017
TG
ENERAL
T
ECHNICAL
R
EQUIREMENTS
T1G
ENERAL
D
ESIGN
R
EQUIREMENTS
T1.1VehicleConguration
T1.1.1
Thevehiclemustbedesignedandfabricatedinaccordancewithgoodengineeringpractices.
T1.1.2
Thevehiclemustbeanopen-wheeledsingleseatandopen-cockpit(aformulastylebody)
withfourwheelsthatarenotinastraightline.
T1.1.3
Openwheelvehiclesmustsatisfy(seealsoFigure1):
(a)
Thewheels/tiresmustbeunobstructedwhenviewedfromtheside.
(b)
Nopartofthevehiclemayenterakeep-out-zonedenedbytwolinesextending
verticallyfrompositions
75mm
infrontofand
75mm
Figure1
:
Keep-out-zonesforthedenitionofanopen-wheeledvehicle.
FormulaStudentRules2017Version:1.1
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T1GeneralDesignRequirements
T1.2Bodywork
T1.2.1
Theremustbenoopeningsthroughthebodyworkintothedrivercompartmentotherthan
thatrequiredforthecockpitopening.Minimalopeningsaroundthefrontsuspensionand
steeringsystemcomponentsareallowed.
T1.2.2
Alledgesofthebodyworkthatcouldcomeintocontactwithapedestrianmusthavea
minimumradiusof
1mm
.Thebodyworkinfrontofthefrontwheelsmusthavearadiusof
atleast
38mm
extendingatleast
45°
relativetotheforwarddirection,alongthetop,sides
andbottomofallaffectededges.
T1.3Suspension
T1.3.1
Thevehiclemustbeequippedwithfullyoperationalfrontandrearsuspensionsystems
includingabsorbersandausablewheeltravelofatleast
50mm
withdriverseated(
25mm
jounceand25mmrebound).
T1.3.2
Allsuspensionmountingpointsmustbevisibleattechnicalinspection,eitherbydirectview
orbyremovinganycovers.
T1.4Wheels
T1.4.1
T1GeneralDesignRequirements
T1.6Steering
T1.6.1
Steeringsystemsusingcablesorbeltsforactuationareprohibited.
T1.6.2
Thesteeringwheelmustbemechanicallyconnectedtothefrontwheels.
[DV
ONLY
]
Steer-by-wireisallowedinautonomousmode,butamechanicalconnection
mustremainwhenASMSisoff.
T1.6.3
Thesteeringsystemmusthavepositivesteeringstopsthatpreventthesteeringlinkagesfrom
lockingup.Thestopsmustbeplacedontherackandmustpreventthetiresandrimsfrom
contactingotherparts.
T1.6.4
Allowablesteeringsystemfreeplayislimitedtototalof7°measuredatthesteeringwheel.
T1.6.5
Thesteeringwheelmustbeattachedtothecolumnwithaquickdisconnect.Thedrivermust
beabletooperatethequickdisconnectwhileinthenormaldrivingpositionwithgloveson.
T1.6.6
Thesteeringwheelmustbenomorethan
250mm
rearwardofthefronthoop.Thisdistance
ismeasuredhorizontally,onthevehiclecenterline,fromtherearsurfaceofthefronthoopto
theforwardmostsurfaceofthesteeringwheelwiththesteeringinanyposition.
T1.6.7
T2GeneralChassisDesign
T2G
ENERAL
C
HASSIS
D
ESIGN
T2.1GeneralRequirements
T2.1.1
Amongotherrequirements,thevehicle'sstructuremustinclude:

Tworollhoopsthatarebraced

AfrontbulkheadwithsupportsystemandIA

Sideimpactstructures
T2.2Denitions
T2.2.1
Thefollowingdenitionsapplythroughoutthisdocument:

Mainhoop-Arollbarlocatedalongsideorjustbehindthedriver'storso.

Fronthoop-Arollbarlocatedabovethedriver'slegs,inproximitytothesteering
wheel.

Rollhoops-Boththefronthoopandthemainhoopareclassiedas“rollhoops”

Rollhoopbracing-Thestructurefromarollhooptotherollhoopbracingsupport.

Rollhoopbracingsupports-Thestructurefromthelowerendoftherollhoopbracing
backtotherollhoop(s).

FrameMember-Aminimumrepresentativesinglepieceofuncut,continuoustubing
orequivalentstructure.

Frame-The“frame”isthefabricatedstructuralassemblythatsupportsallfunctional
vehiclesystems.Thisassemblymaybeasingleweldedstructure,multiplewelded
structuresoracombinationofcompositeandweldedstructures.

Primarystructure-Theprimarystructureiscomprisedofthefollowingframecompo-
nents:

Mainhoop

Fronthoop

Rollhoopbracingsandsupports

Sideimpactstructure

Frontbulkhead

Frontbulkheadsupportsystem

Allframemembers,guidesandsupportsthattransferloadfromthedriver's
restraintsystemintotheabovementionedcomponentsoftheprimarystructure

Frontbulkhead-Aplanarstructurethatdenestheforwardplaneoftheframestructure
T2GeneralChassisDesign

Sideimpactzone-Theareaofthesideofthevehicleextendingfromthefronthoop
backtothemainhoopandfromthechassisoortoaheightasrequiredin
T2
.16
Figure2
:
Node-to-nodetriangulationofframemembers(leftcorrectandrightincorrect).
T2.3MinimumMaterialRequirements
T2.3.1
Table4showstheminimumrequirementsforthemembersoftheprimarystructureifmade
fromsteeltubing.
ItemorapplicationMinimumMinimumarea
wallthicknessmomentofinertia
Mainandfronthoops,2
:
0mm11320mm
4
shoulderharnessmountingbar
Sideimpactstructure,frontbulkhead,1
:
2mm8509mm
4
rollhoopbracing,
driver'srestraintharnessattachment
(exceptasnotedabove)
EV:Accumulatorprotectionstructure
Frontbulkheadsupport,1
:
2mm6695mm
4
mainhoopbracingsupports
EV:Tractivesystemcomponents
Table4
:
MinimumMaterialRequirements
T2.3.2
Exceptforinspectionholes(see
T2
.8.4),anyholesdrilledinanytubewhichisamemberof
theprimarystructureneedsproofofequivalencyintheSES.
T2.3.3
ThesteelpropertiesusedforthecalculationsintheSESmustbe:
Non-weldedstrengthforcontinuousmaterialcalculations:

Young'sModulus(E)=200GPa
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T2GeneralChassisDesign

YieldStrength(S
y
)=305MPa

UltimateStrength(S
u
)=365MPa
Weldedstrengthfordiscontinuousmaterialsuchasjointcalculations:

YieldStrength(S
y
)=180MPa

UltimateStrength(S
u
)=300MPa
T2.3.4
Anytubingwithawallthicknesslessthan
1
:
2mm
isconsiderednon-structuralandwillbe
ignoredwhenassessingcompliancetoanyruleregardingthevehiclestructure.
T2.3.5
Ifamemberoftheprimarystructure(exceptfortherollhoops)isabenttubeormade
frommultipletubesanadditionaltubemustsupportit.Theattachmentpointmustbeatthe
positionalongthetube(s)whereitdeviatesfarthestfromastraightlineconnectingbothends.
Thesupporttubemusthavethesamedimensionasthesupportedtube(s),terminateatanode
ofthechassisandbeanglednomorethan30°fromtheplaneofthesupportedtube(s).
T2.4AlternativeMaterials
T2.4.1
Alternativematerialsmaybeusedforallpartsoftheprimarystructureandthetractive
systemaccumulatorcontainerwiththegivenexceptions

Themainhoopandthemainhoopbracingmustbesteel

T2GeneralChassisDesign
(f)
Corematerial
(g)
Lay-uptechnique
(h)
3-point-bendtestandsheartestdata
T2.6LaminateTesting
T2.6.1
Ifcompositematerialsareusedforanypartoftheprimarystructureorthetractivesystem
accumulatorcontainertheteammust

Buildarepresentativetestpanelwhichmustmeasure
275mm

500mm
thathasthe
T2GeneralChassisDesign
T2.7.5
TeamsmustbringacopyoftheapprovedSEStotechnicalinspection.
T2.8RollHoops
T2.8.1
Bothrollhoopsmustbesecurelyintegratedtotheprimarystructureusingnode-to-node
T2GeneralChassisDesign
T2.11MainHoopBracing
T2.11.1
Themainhoopmustbesupportedbytwobracingsextendingonbothsidesofthemainhoop
tothefrontortherear.
T2.11.2
Insideviewthemainhoopandthemainhoopbracingsmustnotlieonthesamesideofthe
verticallinethroughthetopofthemainhoop.
T2.11.3
Themainhoopbracingsmustbeattachedtothemainhoopnolowerthan
160mm
belowthe
top-mostsurfaceofthemainhoop.Theincludedangleformedbythemainhoopandthe
mainhoopbracingsmustbeatleast30°.
T2.11.4
Themainhoopbracingsmustbestraight.
T2.11.5
Thelowerendsofthemainhoopbracingsmustbesupportedbacktotheupperattachment
pointofthemainhooptothesideimpactstructureandtothelowerattachmentpointofthe
mainhooptothesideimpactstructurebyanode-to-nodetriangulatedstructureorequivalent.
T2.11.6
Ifanyitemwhichextendsoutsideoftheprimarystructureisattachedtothemainhoop
bracings,additionalbracingisrequiredtopreventbendingloadsinarolloversituation.
T2.12FrontHoopBracing
T2.12.1
Thefronthoopmustbesupportedbytwobracingsextendingforwardonbothsidesofthe
fronthoop.
T2.12.2
Figure3
:
Fronthoopbracing,mainhoopbracingandsteeringwheelrequirements
FormulaStudentRules2017Version:1.1
27
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T2GeneralChassisDesign
T2.13MechanicallyAttachedRollHoopBracing
T2.13.1
Anynon-weldedjointateitherendofabracingmustbeeitheradouble-lugjoint(see
Figure4)orasleevedjoint(seeFigure5).
T2.13.2
Ifthreadedfastenersareusedtheyareconsideredcriticalfastenersandmustcomplywith
T9.1.
T2.13.3
Sphericalrodendsareprohibited.
T2.13.4
Doublelug-jointsmustincludeacappingarrangement,seeFigure4.
T2.13.5
Inadouble-lugjointeachlugmustbeatleast
4
:
5mm
thickandthepinorboltmustbe
10mm
Figure4
:
Doublelugjoint
Figure5
:
Sleevedjoint
T2.14FrontBulkhead
T2.14.1
Therearplaneofthefrontbulkheadmustbelocatedforwardofallnon-crushableobjects.
FormulaStudentRules2017Version:1.1
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T2GeneralChassisDesign
T2.14.2
T2GeneralChassisDesign
Figure6
:
Sideimpactstructuretubeframe

Theregionthatislongitudinallyforwardofthemainhoopandaftofthefronthoop
andverticalfromthebottomsurfaceofthechassisto
320mm
abovethelowestinside
Figure7
:
Sideimpactstructuremonocoque
T2.17BoltedPrimaryStructureAttachments
T2.17.1
T2GeneralChassisDesign
T2.17.2
Figure8
:
Boltedrollhoopbracingsupport
T2.17.6
Whenusingboltedjointswithintheprimarystructure,nocrushingofthelaminatecore
materialispermitted.
T2.18ImpactAttenuator(IA)
T2.18.1
EachvehiclemustbeequippedwithanIA.
T2.18.2
TheIAmustbe:

Installedforwardofthefrontbulkhead.

Atleast
100mm
highand
200mm
wideforaminimumdistanceof
200mm
forward
ofthefrontbulkhead.

T2GeneralChassisDesign

IftheIAandAIP(IAassembly)areboltedtothefrontbulkhead,itmustbethesame
sizeastheoutsidedimensionsofthefrontbulkhead.

Ifitisweldedtothefrontbulkhead,itmustextendatleasttothecenterlineofthefront
bulkheadtubinginalldirections.
T2.18.4
AlternativeAIPdesignsarepermissibleifequivalencyto
T2
.18.3isproven,eitherby
physicaltestingasin
T2
T3Cockpit
T2.20.2
DuringtheIAtest,theIAmustbeattachedtotheAIPusingtheintendedvehicleattachment
T3Cockpit
T3.1.3
Thesteeringwheel,steeringcolumn,seatandallpaddingmayberemovedforthetemplate
tot.Anyotherpartsmayonlyberemovediftheyareintegratedwiththesteeringwheel.
T3.2CockpitInternalCrossSection
T3.2.1
Thecockpitmustprovideafreeinternalcrosssectionsufcientforthetemplateshownon
therightinFigure9topassfromtherearofthefronthooptoapoint
100mm
rearwardsof
thefaceoftherearmostpedalininoperativeposition.Thetemplatemaybemovedupand
down.Adjustablepedalshavetobeputintheirmostforwardposition.
T3.2.2
Thesteeringwheelandanypaddingthatcanberemovedwithouttheuseoftoolswhilethe
driverisseatedmayberemovedforthetemplatetot.
T3.2.3
Figure9
:
Cockpitopeningtemplate(left)andcockpitinternalcrosssectiontemplate(right)
T3.3Percy(95
th
percentilemale)
T3.3.1
T3Cockpit
(b)
Beaminimumof
50mm
awayfromthestraightlinedrawnfromthetopofthemain
hooptothelowerendofthemainhoopbracingifthebracingextendsrearwards.
(c)
Benofurtherrearwardsthantherearsurfaceofthemainhoopifthemainhoopbracing
extendsforwards.
Figure10
:
T3Cockpit
Figure11
:
Percyplacement
T3.5.2
Ifthelapbeltsandanti-submarinebeltsareattachedtothesameattachmentpoint,itmust
supportaloadof19
:
5kN.
T3.5.3
Thestrengthoflapbeltandshoulderbeltattachmentmustbeprovenbyphysicaltesting
wheretherequiredloadisappliedtoarepresentativeattachmentpointwiththelayupand
T3Cockpit
(i)
Nodirectcontact,or
(ii)
aheatresistant,conductioninsulationmaterialwithaminimumthicknessof
8mm.
(b)
Convectioninsulationbyaminimumairgapof25mm.
(c)
Radiationinsulationby:
(i)
T4DriverRestraintSystem
T3.8.7
[EV
ONLY
]
Conductiveparts(exceptforthechassis)maynotprotrudethroughtherewall
ormustbeproperlyinsulatedonthedriverside.
T3.8.8
[EV
ONLY
]
HighVoltage(HV)partsoutsideoftheenvelope,see
EV4
.2.3,donotneeda
rewall.
T3.9AccessibilityofControls
T3.9.1
Allvehiclecontrolsmustbeoperatedfrominsidethecockpitwithoutanypartofthedriver,
e.g.hands,armsorelbows,beingoutsidetheplanesofthesideimpactstructure.
T3.10DriverVisibility
T3.10.1
Thedrivermusthaveadequatevisibilitytothefrontandsidesofthevehicle.Seatedina
normaldrivingposition,thedrivermusthaveaminimumeldofvisionof
200°
(aminimum
100°
toeitherside).Therequiredvisibilitymaybeobtainedbythedriverturningtheirhead
and/ortheuseofmirrors.
T3.10.2
T4DriverRestraintSystem
T4.2Belts-General
T4.2.1
T4DriverRestraintSystem
T4.3.3
Harnesses,beltsandstrapsmustnotpassthrougharewall,i.e.allharnessattachmentpoints
mustbeonthedriver'ssideofanyrewall.
T4.3.4
Theattachmentofthedriver'srestraintsystemtoamonocoquestructurerequiresanapproved
SESperruleT2.7.
T4.4LapBeltMounting
T4.4.1
Thelapbeltmustpassaroundthepelvicareabelowtheanteriorsuperioriliacspines(thehip
bones).
T4.4.2
Thelapbeltsmustnotberoutedoverthesidesoftheseat.Thelapbeltsshouldcomethrough
theseatatthebottomofthesidesoftheseattomaximizethewrapofthepelvicsurfaceand
continueinastraightlinetotheanchoragepoint.
T4.4.3
Wherethebeltsorharnesspassthroughaholeintheseat,theseatmustberolledor
T4DriverRestraintSystem
T4.5.5
Fromthedriver'sshouldersrearwardstothemountingpointorstructuralguide,theshoulder
Figure12
:
Lapbeltandshoulderharnessmounting
T4.6Anti-SubmarineBeltMounting
T4.6.1
Theanti-submarinebeltsofa6pointharnessshouldbemountedinoneofthefollowing
T5BrakeSystem
T4.7.3
Headrestraintsmustbeabletoaccommodatedifferentdrivers.
T4.7.4
Theheadrestraint,itsattachmentanditsmountingmustwithstandaforceof
890N
applied
inrearwarddirectionatanypointonitssurface.
T4.8RollBarPadding
T4.8.1
Anyportionoftherollbar,rollbarbracingorframewhichmightbecontactedbythedriver's
T6Powertrain
T5.1.9
Thebrakepedalmustbefabricatedfromsteeloraluminumormachinedfromsteel,aluminum
ortitanium.
T5.1.10
[EV
ONLY
]
Therst
90%
ofthebrakepedaltravelmaybeusedtoregeneratebrakeenergy
withoutactuatingthehydraulicbrakesystem.Theremainingbrakepedaltravelmustdirectly
actuatethehydraulicbrakesystem,butbrakeenergyregenerationmayremainactive.
T5.2BrakeOver-TravelSwitch(BOTS)
T5.2.1
Abrakepedalover-travelswitchmustbeinstalledonthevehicleaspartoftheshutdown
circuit,asin
EV5
or
CV4
.1.Thisswitchmustbeinstalledsothatintheeventofbrake
systemfailuresuchthatthebrakepedalovertravelsitwillresultintheshutdowncircuit
beingopened.
T5.2.2
Repeatedactuationoftheswitchmustmustnotclosetheshutdowncircuit,anditmustbe
T6Powertrain
T6.3SystemSealing
T6.3.1
Anycoolingorlubricationsystemmustbesealedtopreventleakage.
T6.3.2
T7AerodynamicDevices
T7A
ERODYNAMIC
D
EVICES
T7.1DenitionAerodynamicDevice
T7.1.1
Aspecicallydesignedstructuremountedonthevehicletoguidetheairowaroundthe
vehicle,increasingthedownforceonvehicleand/orloweringitsdrag.Themountingofthis
structureisnotregardedasanaerodynamicdevice,unlessitisintentionallydesignedtobe
one.
T7.2GroundEffectDevices
T7.2.1
Powergroundeffectsareprohibited.Nopowerdevicemaybeusedtomoveorremoveair
fromunderthevehicleexceptfansdesignedexclusivelyforcooling.
T7.3RestrictionsforAerodynamicDevices
T7.3.1
Heightrestrictions:

Allaerodynamicdevicesforwardofaverticalplanethroughtherearmostportionof
T8CompressedGasSystemsandHighPressureHydraulics
Figure13
:
Maximumdimensionsandpositioningofaerodynamicdevices.Thepositioning
spaceisfurtherrestricted(seeT1.1).
T7.5AerodynamicDevicesStabilityandStrength
T7.5.1
Anyaerodynamicdevicemustbeabletowithstandaforceof
200N
distributedovera
minimumsurfaceof
225cm
2
andnotdeectmorethan
10mm
intheloadcarryingdirection.
T7.5.2
Anyaerodynamicdevicemustbeabletowithstandaforceof
50N
appliedinanydirection
atapointandnotdeectmorethan25mm.
T8C
OMPRESSED
G
AS
S
YSTEMSAND
H
IGH
P
RESSURE
H
YDRAULICS
T8.1CompressedGasCylindersandLines
T8.1.1
Anysystemonthevehiclethatusesacompressedgasasanactuatingmediummustcomply
withthefollowingrequirements:

Theworkinggasmustbenonammable.

T9Fasteners

Thegascylinder/tankandthepressureregulatormustbelocatedeitherrearwardof
themainhoopandwithintheenvelopedenedbythemainhoopandtheframeorin
T10ElectricalComponents

T10ElectricalComponents
T10.2AcceleratorPedalPositionSensor(APPS)
T10.2.1
Rules
T10
.2onlyapplyforelectricvehicles,seechapterEV,orinternalcombustionvehicles
T10ElectricalComponents

Inuenceactionsontheshutdowncircuit,seeCV4.1andEV5.1.

Inuencetherequestedwheeltorque.

[EV
ONLY
]InuenceindicatorsaccordingtoEV3.7.6,EV4.13orEV5.4.6.

[DV
ONLY
]InuenceindicatoraccordingtoDV3.2.5.
T10.3.2
Anyofthefollowingsignalfailuresmustresultinasafestateofallconnectedsystems:
(a)
Failuresofsignalstransmittedbywire:

Opencircuit

Shortcircuittoground
(b)
Failuresofanalogsensorsignals:

Shortcircuittosupplyvoltage
(c)
Failuresofsensorsignalsusedinprogrammablelogic:

Implausibilityduetooutofrangesignals,e.g.mechanicallyimpossibleangleof
ananglesensor.
(d)
Failuresofdigitallytransmittedsignalsbywireorwireless:

Datacorruption(e.g.checkedbyachecksum)

Lossanddelayofmessages(e.g.checkedbytransmissiontimeouts)
Signalsmightbeamemberofmultiplesignalclasses,e.g.analogsignalstransmittedby
wiremightbememberof(a),(b)and(c).
T10.3.3
[EV
ONLY
]
Indicatorsaccordingto
T10
.3.1withsafestate“illuminated”(e.g.absenceof
failuresisnotactivelyindicated)mustbeilluminatedfor
1s
to
3s
forvisiblecheckafter
powercyclingtheGroundedLowVoltageMasterSwitch(GLVMS).
T10.3.4
[DV
ONLY
]
TheproperhandlingofSCSsisalsomandatoryforsecondandthirdyear
vehicles(asdenedinA2.3).
T10.4InertiaSwitch
T10.4.1
T11VehicleIdentication
T11V
EHICLE
I
DENTIFICATION
T11.1VehicleNumber
T11.1.1
T12VehicleandDriverEquipment
T12.1.2
Thepushbarmustbepresentedduringtechnicalinspection.
T12.1.3
Thepushbarmustbecapableofslowingandstoppingtheforwardmotionofthevehicleand
pullingitrearwards.
T12.1.4
Anapprovedreextinguisher(see
T12
.4.1)mustbemountedtothepushbarinawaythatit
isquicklyaccessible.
T12.1.5
[EV
ONLY
]
T12VehicleandDriverEquipment

FIAStandard8856-2000
T12.3.5
Fireresistantunderwear(longpantsandlongsleevet-shirt).Thisreresistantunderwear
mustbemadefromacceptablereresistantmaterialaslistedin
T12
.3.11andmustcover
T12VehicleandDriverEquipment
T12.4.6
Handheldreextinguishersarenotpermittedtobemountedonorinthevehicle.
T12.5CameraMounts
T12.5.1
Themountsforvideo/photographiccamerasmustbeofasafeandsecuredesign:

Allcamerainstallationsmustbeapprovedattechnicalinspection.

FormulaStudentRules2017
CVI
NTERNAL
C
OMBUSTION
E
NGINE
V
EHICLES
CV1I
NTERNAL
C
OMBUSTION
E
NGINE
P
OWERTRAINS
CV1.1EngineLimitation
CV1.1.1
Theengine(s)usedtopowerthevehiclemustbepistonengine(s)usingafour-strokeprimary
CV1InternalCombustionEnginePowertrains
Figure14
:
Airintakeandfuelsystemsenvelope
CV1.3.4
Intakesystemswithsignicantmassorcantileverfromthecylinderheadmustbesupported
topreventstresstotheintakesystem.Supportstotheenginemustberigid.Supportsto
theframeorchassismustincorporateisolationtoallowforenginemovementandchassis
torsion.
CV1.4Throttle
CV1.4.1
Thevehiclemustbeequippedwithathrottlebody.Thethrottlebodymaybeofanysizeor
design.
CV1.4.2
Thethrottlemustbeactuatedmechanicallybyafootpedal,i.e.viaacableorarodsystem,
CV1InternalCombustionEnginePowertrains
(a)
SubmitanadditionalpageinthesystemdescriptionoftheFailureModesandEffects
Analysis(FMEA)withintentofusingsuchasystem.
(b)
CV1InternalCombustionEnginePowertrains

ThemechanicalbrakesareactuatedandtheTPSsignalsthatthethrottleisopenby
morethanapermittedamountformorethanonesecond.Thepermittedrelationship
CV2FuelandFuelSystem
Figure15
:
Intakecongurationfornaturallyaspiratedengines.
Figure16
:
Intakecongurationforturbochargedorsuperchargedengines.
CV1.8TurbochargersandSuperchargers
CV1.8.1
Theintakeairmaybecooledwithanintercooler.Onlyambientairmaybeusedtoremove
heatfromtheintercoolersystem.Air-to-airandwater-toairintercoolersarepermitted.The
coolantofawater-to-airintercoolersystemmustbepurewaterwithoutanyadditives.
CV1.8.2
Ifpop-offvalves,recirculationvalves,orheatexchangers(intercoolers)areused,theymay
onlybepositionedintheintakesystemasshowninFigure16.
CV1.8.3
Plenumsanywhereupstreamofthethrottlebodyareprohibited.A“plenum”isanytankor
volumethatisasignicantenlargementofthenormalintakerunnersystem.
CV1.8.4
CV2FuelandFuelSystem
CV2.1.2
CV2FuelandFuelSystem

Thefuelrailmustbesecurelyattachedtotheenginecylinderblock,cylinderhead,or
intakemanifoldwithmechanicalfasteners.Thethreadedfastenersusedtosecurethe
fuelrailareconsideredcriticalfastenersandmustcomplywithT9.

Theuseoffuelrailsmadefromplastic,carbonberorrapidprototypingammable
materialsisprohibited.However,theuseofunmodiedOriginalEquipmentManufac-
turer(OEM)FuelRailsmanufacturedfromthesematerialsisacceptable.
CV2.4.2
ThefollowingrequirementsapplytoHPIandDIfuelsystems:

AllhighpressurefuellinesmustbestainlesssteelrigidlineorAeroquipFC807smooth
borePTFEhosewithstainlesssteelreinforcementandvisibleNomextraceryarn.Use
ofelastomericsealsisprohibited.Linesmustberigidlyconnectedevery
100mm
by
mechanicalfastenerstostructuralenginecomponents.

Thefuelrailmustbesecurelyattachedtotheenginecylinderheadwithmechanical
CV2FuelandFuelSystem

accompaniedbyaclearfuelresistantsighttubewithalengthofatleast
125mm
verticalheightforreadingthefuellevel(seeFigure17).
Figure17
:
Minimumrequirementsfueltankllerneck.
CV2.6.2
Aclearllernecktubemaybeusedasasighttube.
CV2.6.3
CV3ExhaustSystemandNoiseControl
CV2.8VentingSystems
CV2.8.1
Thefueltankventingsystemsmustbedesignedsuchthatfuelcannotspillduringhard
corneringoracceleration.
CV2.8.2
Allfuelventlinesmustbeequippedwithacheckvalvetopreventfuelleakagewhenthe
tankisinverted.Allfuelventlinesmustexitoutsidethebodywork.
CV3E
XHAUST
S
YSTEMAND
N
OISE
C
ONTROL
CV3.1ExhaustSystemGeneral
CV3.1.1
Theexhaustmustberoutedsothatthedriverisnotsubjectedtofumesatanyspeedconsider-
ingthedraftofthevehicle.
CV3.1.2
CV4ElectricSystemandShutdownSystem
CV4.2MasterSwitch
CV4.2.1
Thevehiclemustbeequippedwithonemasterswitch.
CV4.2.2
Themasterswitchmustdisablepowerfrombatteryandalternatortoallelectricalcircuits,
includinglights,fuelpump(s),ignition,electricalcontrols.Themasterswitchmustbedirect
acting,i.e.itmustnotactthrougharelayorlogic.
CV4.2.3
Themasterswitchmustbelocatedontherightsideofthevehicle,inproximitytothemain
hoop,atthe95
th
percentilemaledriver'sshoulderheight,asdenedin
T3
.3,andbeeasily
actuatedfromoutsidethevehicle.
Masterswitchesmustbemountednolowerthantheverticaldistanceofthetemplate'smiddle
circlecentertothegroundsurfacemultipliedby0.8.
CV4.2.4
Themasterswitchesmustbeamechanicalswitchoftherotarytype,withared,removable
handle.Thehandlemusthaveawidthofatleast
50mm
andmustonlyberemovablein
electricallyopenposition.
CV4.2.5
Theinternationalelectricalsymbolconsistingofaredsparkonawhite-edgedbluetriangle
mustbeafxedincloseproximitytotheswitch.
CV4.2.6
Themasterswitchesmustbemountedsothattherotaryaxisofthekeyisnearhorizontaland
acrossthevehicle.The“ON”positionoftheswitchmustbeinthehorizontalpositionand
mustbemarkedaccordingly.The“OFF”positionofthemasterswitchmustalsobeclearly
marked.
CV4.3ShutdownButtons
CV4.3.1
Shutdownbuttonsmustbeapush-pullorpush-rotatemechanicalemergencyswitchwhere
pushingthebuttonopenstheshutdowncircuit(CV4.1).
CV4.3.2
Oneshutdownbuttonservesasacockpit-mountedshutdownbutton.Theminimumallowed
CV4ElectricSystemandShutdownSystem

VoltagesinternaltoOEMchargingsystemsdesignedfor60VDCoutput.
FormulaStudentRules2017Version:1.1
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FormulaStudentRules2017
EVE
LECTRIC
V
EHICLES
EV1E
LECTRIC
S
YSTEM
D
EFINITIONS
EV1.1HighVoltage(HV)andLowVoltage(LV)
EV1.1.1
Wheneveracircuithasapotentialdifferencewherethenominaloperationvoltageisgreater
than60VDCor25VACRMSitisdenedaspartoftheHVsystem.
EV1.1.2
LVisdenedasanyvoltagebelowandincluding60VDCor25VACRMS.
EV1.1.3
EV2ElectricPowertrain
EV2E
LECTRIC
P
OWERTRAIN
EV2.1Motors
EV2.1.1
Onlyelectricmotorsareallowed.
EV2.1.2
MotorattachmentsmustfollowT9.
EV2.1.3
MotorcasingsmustfollowT6.4.
EV2.2PowerandVoltageLimitation
EV2.2.1
Themaximumpowerdrawnfromthebatterymustnotexceed80kW.
EV2.2.2
Aviolationisdenedasusingmorethanthemaximumpowerorexceedingthespecied
voltage,seeEV1.1.3,afteramovingaverageover500msisappliedtherespectivesignal.
EV2.2.3
Therespectivedataandtheresultingdecisionofviolationswillbemadepublic.
EV2.2.4
EV3TractiveSystemEnergyStorage
EV3.1.3
Theenergyofacellisdenedbythemaximumcellvoltagetimesthenominalcapacityof
theusedcell.
EV3.2AllowedTractiveSystemAccumulators
EV3.2.1
Alltypesofaccumulatorsexceptmoltensaltandthermalbatteriesareallowed.E.g.:Batteries,
EV3TractiveSystemEnergyStorage
EV3.4.5
Itmustnotbephysicallypossibletoconnectthemaintenanceplugsinanywayotherthan
thedesignintentconguration.
EV3.4.6
EV3TractiveSystemEnergyStorage
EV3.5.6
Compositeaccumulatorcontainersmustsatisfythefollowingrequirements:

EV3TractiveSystemEnergyStorage
EV3.5.18
Anyaccumulatorsthatmayventanexplosivegasmusthaveaventilationsystemtoprevent
theventedgasfromreachinganexplosiveconcentration.
EV3.5.19
EV4TractiveSystemGeneralRequirements
U

100VDC10mm
100VDCU

200VDC20mm
U

200VDC30mm
EV4.1.5
Componentsandcablescapableofmovementmustbepositivelyrestrainedtomaintain
spacing.
EV4.1.6
IftractivesystemandGLVareonthesamePCB,theymustbeonseparate,clearlydened
areasoftheboard.ThetractivesystemandGLVsystemareashavetobeclearlymarkedon
thePCB.
0VDCto50VDC1
:
6mm1
:
6mm1
:
0mm
50VDCto150VDC6
:
4mm3
:
2mm2
:
0mm
150VDCto300VDC9
:
5mm6
:
4mm3
:
0mm
300VDCto600VDC12
:
7mm9
:
5mm4
:
0mm
FormulaStudentRules2017Version:1.1
72
of128
EV4TractiveSystemGeneralRequirements
“Undercoating”isreferringtoacoatinginsulator,solderresistisnotacoating.Ifintegrated
circuitsareusedsuchasopto-couplerswhichareratedfortherespectivemaximumtractive
systemvoltage,butdonotfullltherequiredspacing,thentheymaystillbeusedandthe
givenspacingdoesnotapply.
EV4.1.7
Teamsmustbepreparedtodemonstratespacingonteam-builtequipment.Forinaccessible
circuitry,spareboardsorappropriatephotographsmustbeavailable.
EV4.1.8
Allconnectionstoexternaldevices,suchaslaptops,fromatractivesystemcomponentmust
includegalvanicisolation.
EV4.2PositioningofTractiveSystemParts
EV4.2.1
Withtheexceptionofwhatispermittedaccordingto
EV4
.2.3,allpartsbelongingtothe
tractivesystemincludingcablesandwiringmustbecontainedwithintheenvelopeofany
partoftheframewhichismadefromanyregulatedtubingdenedin
T2
.3.andanadditional
EV4TractiveSystemGeneralRequirements
EV4.4TractiveSystemMeasuringpoint(TSMP)
EV4.4.1
TwoTSMPsmustbeinstalleddirectlynexttothemasterswitches,seeEV5.2.
EV4.4.2
TheTSMPsmustbeprotectedbyanon-conductivehousingthatcanbeopenedwithout
tools.
EV4.4.3
4mm
shroudedbananajacksofnon-blackcolor,ratedfor
1000V
Umax

200VDC5k
W
200VDCUmax

400VDC10k
W
400VDCUmax

600VDC15k
W
EV4.4.6
NexttotheTSMPsaGLVsystemgroundmeasuringpointmustbeinstalled.Thismeasuring
pointmustbeconnectedtoGLVsystemgroundandmustbemarked“GND”.
EV4.4.7
A
4mm
blackshroudedbananajackmustbeusedfortheGLVsystemgroundmeasuring
point.
EV4.5TractiveSystemInsulation,WiringandConduit
EV4.5.1
EV4TractiveSystemGeneralRequirements
Sizingoftheconductorsforthe“continuoustractivesystemcurrent”maytakeaccountofthe
RootMeanSquare(RMS)oraverageelectricalcurrentthatwillbeusedandtheanticipated
durationoftimeatmaximumelectricalcurrent.
EV4.5.6
Alltractivesystemwiringmustbedonetoprofessionalstandardswithappropriatelysized
conductorsandterminalsandwithadequatestrainreliefandprotectionfromlooseningdue
EV4TractiveSystemGeneralRequirements
EV4.6HVSystemEnclosures
EV4.6.1
EveryhousingorenclosurecontainingpartsoftheHVsystem,exceptmotorhousings,must
belabeledwith(a)reasonablysizedsticker(s)accordingto“ISO7010-W012”(trianglewith
blacklightningboltonyellowbackground).Thestickermustalsocontainthetext“High
Voltage”ifthevoltageismorethan60VDCor25VAC.
EV4.7HighVoltageDisconnect(HVD)
EV4.7.1
Itmustbepossibletodisconnectatleastonepoleofthetractivesystemaccumulatorby
quicklyremovinganunobstructedanddirectlyaccessibleelement,fuseorconnector.Itmust
bepossibletodisconnecttheHVDwithoutremovinganybodywork.TheHVDmustbe
above
350mm
fromthegroundandeasilyvisiblewhenstandingbehindthevehicle.Remote
actuationoftheHVDthroughalonghandle,ropeorwireisnotpermitted.
EV4.7.2
AnuntrainedpersonmustbeabletoremovetheHVDwithin10secondswhenthevehicleis
inready-to-racecondition.
EV4.7.3
EV4
.5remainsvalid,thereforeadummyconnectororsimilarmayberequiredtorestorethe
system'sisolation.
EV4.7.4
TheHVDmustbeclearlymarkedwith“HVD”.
EV4.7.5
NotoolsmustbenecessarytoopentheHVD.Therefore,apilotcontact/interlockmustopen
theshutdowncircuitwhentheHVDisremoved.
EV4.8WiringoftheTractiveSystemSupply
EV4.8.1
Allaccumulatorcontainersmustbewiredtoasinglepointsuchasthepowersupplyingthe
EV4TractiveSystemGeneralRequirements
EV4.10ActivatingtheTractiveSystem
EV4.10.1
Thedrivermustbeabletoactivateanddeactivatethetractivesystemfromwithinthecockpit
withouttheassistanceofanyotherperson.
EV4.10.2
[DV
ONLY
]Theautonomoussystemmustnotbeableto(re-)activatethetractivesystem.
EV4.10.3
Thevehicleisreadytodriveassoonasthemotor(s)willrespondtotheinputoftheAPPS.
EV4.10.4
EV4TractiveSystemGeneralRequirements
EV4.12.7
Fusingofthedischargemaincurrentpathisprohibited.
EV4.13TractiveSystemActiveLight(TSAL)
EV4.13.1
ThevehiclesmustincludeasingleTSALthatmustindicatethetractivesystemstatus.The
TSALmustnotperformanyotherfunctions.ATSALwithmultipleLEDsinonehousingis
allowed.
EV4.13.2
ThetractivesystemisactivewhenANYofthefollowingconditionsaretrue:

Anaccumulatorisolationrelayisclosed.

Thepre-chargerelay,seeEV4.12.3,isclosed.

Thevoltageoutsidetheaccumulatorcontainersexceeds
60VDC
or
25VAC
RMS.
Thisimpliesthatatleastthevoltageofall
DC
-linkcapacitorsneedtobemeasured
evenwithremovedHVD.
EV4.13.3
ThetractivesystemisdeactivatedwhenALLofthefollowingconditionsaretrue:

Allaccumulatorisolationrelaysareopened.

Thepre-chargerelay,seeEV4.12.3,isopened.

Thevoltageoutsidetheaccumulatorcontainersdoesnotexceed
60VDC
or
25VAC
RMS.Thisimpliesthatatleastthevoltageofall
DC
-linkcapacitorsneedtobe
measuredevenwithremovedHVD.
EV4.13.4
Thementionedstatesoftherelays(opened/closed)aretheactualmechanicalstates.The
mechanicalstatecandifferfromtheintentionalstate,i.e.ifarelayisstuck.
EV4.13.5
TheTSALitselfmust:

Behardwiredelectronics.Softwarecontrolisnotpermitted.

EV5ShutdownCircuitandSystems
EV4.13.8
SignalsinuencingtheTSALareSCS(see
T10
Figure18
:
Explanatoryexampleschematicoftherequiredshutdowncircuit
FormulaStudentRules2017Version:1.1
79
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EV5ShutdownCircuitandSystems
EV5.1.6
IftheshutdowncircuitisopenedbytheAMSortheIMD,thetractivesystemmustremain
EV5ShutdownCircuitandSystems
EV5.2.7
Bothmasterswitchesmustbemechanicalswitchesoftherotarytype,withared,removable
handle.Thehandlemusthaveawidthofatleast
50mm
andmustonlyberemovablein
electricallyopenposition.
EV5.2.8
Themasterswitchesmustnottobeeasilyremovable,e.g.theymustnotbemountedonto
removablebodywork.
EV5.2.9
Thefunctionofbothswitchesmustbeclearlymarkedwith“LV”and“HV”.Asticker
accordingto“ISO7010-W012”(trianglewithblacklightningboltonyellowbackground)
mustadditionallymarktheTSMS.
EV5.2.10
Bothmasterswitchesmustbemountedsothattherotaryaxisofthekeyisnearhorizontal
andacrossthevehicle.The“ON”positionofbothswitchesmustbeinthehorizontalposition
andmustbemarkedaccordingly.The“OFF”positionofbothswitchesmustalsobeclearly
marked.
EV5.3ShutdownButtons
EV5.3.1
Asystemofthreeshutdownbuttonsmustbeinstalledonthevehicle.
EV5.3.2
Pressinganyoneoftheshutdownbuttonsmustseparatethetractivesystemfromtheaccu-
mulatorbyopeningtheshutdowncircuit,seealsoEV5.1.
EV5.3.3
Eachshutdownbuttonmustbeapush-pullorpush-rotatemechanicalemergencyswitch
wherepushingthebuttonopenstheshutdowncircuit.
EV5.3.4
Onebuttonmustbelocatedoneachsideofthevehiclebehindthedriver'scompartmentat
EV6OvercurrentProtection
EV5.4.3
EV7Chargers
EV6.1.2
Allovercurrentprotectiondevicesmustberatedforthehighestvoltageinthesystemsthey
protect.Devicesusedfor
DC
mustberatedfor
DC
andmustcarrya
DC
ratingequaltoor
greaterthanthesystemvoltage.
EV6.1.3
Allovercurrentprotectiondevicesmusthaveaninterruptcurrentratingwhichishigherthan
EV8HighVoltageProceduresandTools
EV8H
IGH
V
OLTAGE
P
ROCEDURESAND
T
OOLS
EV8.1WorkingontheTractiveSystem
EV8.1.1
Activitiesonthetractivesystem,exceptfortheaccumulatorcontainer(see
EV8
.2)musttake
placeinthepit.
EV8.1.2
AllactivitiesrequiretheattendanceoftheESO.
EV8.1.3
Foractivitiesontheinactivetractivesystem,thefollowingproceduremustbecarriedout:
1.
Barrieroffthevehiclefromanyonenotinvolvedinthework,byusingbarriertape.
2.
MakesuretheTractiveSystemMasterSwitch(TSMS)isswitchedoff.
3.
Assurethatthetractivesystemcannotbyrestarted,by,ataminimum,usingthe
lockout/tagoutoftheTSMS.
4.
Checkforzero-potential.
5.
Installasignthatdeclaresthevehicleiselectricallysafe.Makeanoteofthenameof
theESOwhoissupervisingtheactivitiesonthesign.ThisESOistheonlyperson
whomayremovethesignandthebarrier.
EV8.1.4
Incaseofmeasurementsontheactivetractivesystemoranactivationofthetractivesystem
inthepitfortestingpurposes,thefollowingstepsmustbefollowed:

Barrieroffthevehiclefromanyonenotinvolvedinthework,byusingbarriertape.

Thevehiclemustbejackedupandthedrivenwheelsdemounted.

Oneteammembermustbepreparedtopushashutdownbuttonatanytime.

Thetractivesystemmustonlybeactivatedforaslongasnecessary.

Appropriateinsulatedtoolsandequipmentmustbeused.

EV9ElectricalSystemForm(ESF)
EV8.2.5
FormulaStudentRules2017
DVD
RIVERLESS
V
EHICLES
DV1V
EHICLE
R
EQUIREMENTSAND
R
ESTRICTIONS
DV1.1BaseVehicle
Additionstothevehicle'sgeneralrequirementsandrestrictionsaremarkedandgiveninT,
DV2AutonomousSystem
(a)
Whentheremoteemergencystopbuttonispressed,itmusttriggertheDVshutdown
circuitdenedinDV1.5.
(b)
Race-control-to-vehiclecommunication:
(i)
Theracecontrolcansenda“Go”signaltothevehicle
(ii)
The“Go”signalreplacesgreenags
DV1.4.4
TheRESvehiclemodulemustbedirectlyintegratedinthevehicle'sshutdowncircuit.
Directlymeanshard-wiredinseriestotheshutdownbuttons.
DV1.4.5
TheRESremotecontrolremainsattheracecontrolduringdynamicevents(seealso
D2
.2.8
andD2.6).
DV1.4.6
Whenthevehicleisdrivinginautonomousmode,oneASRmustbepresentattherace
controlandmayrequestaremoteemergencystop.
DV1.4.7
TheantennaoftheRESmustbemountedunobstructedandwithoutinterferingpartsin
DV2AutonomousSystem
DV2.2.5
WhentheASMSisin“Off”position(i.e.manualmode),thefollowingmustfullled:

Thesensorsandtheprocessingunitscanstayoperational.

ThevehiclemustbeabletobepushedasspeciedinA6.7.

ItmustbepossibletooperatethevehiclemanuallyasanormalCVorEV.
DV2.2.6
ItisstrictlyforbiddentoswitchtheASMStothe“On”positionifapersonisinsidethe
DV3EmergencyBrakeSystem(EBS)
StatusASSIcolorEBS
Engine,
HV
BrakeActuatorsASMS
R2D,
Gear
offoffdeact.--deact.removed-
readyblueavail.activateholddeact.onoff/N
auton.yellowavail.on-activeon-
RESblueashingtrig.shutd.braking-on-
nishgreenavail.offholddeact.onoff/N
Table6
:
Autonomoussystemstates
DV2.5AutonomousMissionIndicator(AMI)
DV2.5.1
DV3EmergencyBrakeSystem(EBS)
DV3.1.5
WhentheEBSispartofthehydraulicbrakesystem,themanualbrakeactuation(bybrake
pedal)maybedeactivatedwhentheASMSisin“On”position.
DV3.1.6
TheEBSmustbedesignedinawaysuchthatatrackmarshalisabletodeactivateit(e.g.by
turningofftheASMS).Forexample,thisisnecessarywhenthevehicleisshutdownbyRES
andneedstobemovedbyatrackmarshal.Apictographicdescriptionofthenecessarysteps
mustbeclearlyvisible.
DV4Sensors
DV3.4EBSTransitions
DV3.4.1
TheEBSmustchangeitsstatefrom
deactivated
to
available
forthecasethattheASMSis
turnedonandtheshutdowncircuitisclosed.
DV3.4.2
TheEBSmustchangeitsstatefrom
available
to
triggered
forthecasethattheshutdown
circuitopensortheASMSturnsoffwhiletheautonomoussystemisnotin“Finish”stateas
listedinTable6.
DV3.4.3
TheEBSmustchangeitsstatefromavailabletodeactivatedincaseoftheASMSturnsoff
andtheautonomousstateis“Finish”aslistedinTable6.
DV3.4.4
TheEBSmustchangeitsstatefrom
triggered
to
deactivated
forthecasethattheASMS
turnsoff.Additionalmanualsteps(seeruleDV3.1)maybeperformed.
DV3.4.5
Anyothertransitiontothosementionedaboveisprohibited.
DV3.5EBSPerformance
DV3.5.1
DV4Sensors
Figure19
:
Envelopetomountsensorsystems.
DV4.2.2
Thisistobedemonstratedthroughthesubmissionofthedocumentationoftheimplemented
FormulaStudentRules2017
INT
ECHNICAL
I
NSPECTIONS
IN1G
ENERAL
IN1.1TechnicalInspectionObjective
IN1.1.1
IN1General
IN1.3.5
Vehiclesmustbepresentedfortechnicalinspectioninready-to-racecondition.
IN1.3.6
IN2Pre-Inspection

Adjustmentofbelts,chainsandclutches

Adjustmentofthebrakebias

Adjustmentofthedriverrestraintsystem,headrestraint,seatandpedalassembly

Substitutionoftheheadrestraintorseatinsertfordifferentdrivers

IN3[EV
ONLY
]AccumulatorInspection

IN5MechanicalInspection
probedwith
250V
andvehicleswithamaximumtractivesystemvoltageabove
250V
with
500V.
Topassthistest,themeasuredinsulationresistancemustbeatleast
500
W
=
V
relatedtothe
maximumtractivesystemvoltageofthevehicle.
IN4.1.3
IN6[DV
ONLY
]DriverlessInspection

Thetallestdriveroftheteam

IN7TiltTest
IN6.3.3
Duringthebraketest,thevehiclemustaccelerateinautonomousmodeuptoatleast
40
km
=
h
within20m.FromthepointwheretheRESistriggered,thevehiclemustcometoasafe
stopwithinamaximumdistanceof10m.
IN6.3.4
IN10[CV
ONLY
]NoiseTest
IN9.1.2
Vehiclesmusthavepassedelectricalinspection,seeIN4,toattempttheraintest.
IN9.2RainTestProcedure
IN9.2.1
Thevehiclemustbeinready-to-racecondition.Allcomponentsandconstructionsused
IN11BrakeTest
IN10.2.7
Thetestwillberunwiththegearboxinneutral.Duringthistestthevehiclemustbejacked
upusingthequickjack(seeT12.2.1).
IN10.2.8
Afterpassingthenoisetestthefunctionofthemasterswitchandcockpit-mountedshutdown
buttonwillbetested.
IN10.2.9
Afterpassingthetestofthemasterswitchandshutdownbuttontheairtightnessoftheintake
IN12PostEventInspection
IN12.2PostEventInspectionProcedure
IN12.2.1
Aftertheenduranceevent,thevehiclemustbeplacedintheparcferméwherenoteam
membermayaccessthevehicle.
IN12.2.2
Afteradynamicevent,thevehiclemustbeinthesameconditionasrequiredbytherules
(exceptfornormalwear).
IN12.2.3
Theofcialsreservetherighttoimpoundanyvehicleatanytimeduringorafteranyofthe
dynamicevents.
IN12.2.4
Ifthereisanyviolationoftherules,theteamcanreceiveapenaltygivenbytheofcialsas
follows:

Violatingtheruleswithoutanybenettotheteam:

10ptsforeachviolation

Violationoftheruleswithadvantagefortheteam(e.g.wing):

30pts
foreach
violation

FormulaStudentRules2017
SS
TATIC
E
VENTS
S1B
USINESS
P
LAN
P
RESENTATION
E
VENT
(BPP)
S1.1BusinessPlanPresentationObjective
S1.1.1
TheobjectiveoftheBPPistoevaluatetheteam'sabilitytodevelopanddeliveracompre-
hensivebusinessmodelhowtheirproduct–aprototyperacecar–couldbecomearewarding
businessopportunity.
S1.1.2
Thejudgesshouldbetreatedasiftheywerepotentialinvestorsorpartnersforthepresented
businessmodel.
S1.1.3
S2CostandManufacturingEvent
S1.3.2
Theexecutivesummarymustnotexceedonepage.Thevehiclenumbermustbewrittenon
thispage.
S1.3.3
ExecutiveSummary10
Novelty10
Content20
Finances10
DeepDiveTopic10
DemonstrationandStructure15
Delivery10
Questions10
GeneralImpression5
Total100
S1.4.2
Pmax

P
team
isthescoreawardedtotheteam
P
max
isthehighestscoreawardedtoanyteamnotparticipatinginthenals
S1.4.5
ThescoringoftheBPPnalistswillvaryfrom
75
to
71
pointsandisscoredimmediately
aftertheBPPnalsbyalljudges.PossiblepenaltiesfromA5couldaffectthenalscoring.
S2C
OSTAND
M
ANUFACTURING
E
VENT
S2.1CostandManufacturingObjective
S2.1.1
Theobjectiveofthecostandmanufacturingeventistoevaluatetheteam'sunderstanding
ofthemanufacturingprocessesandcostsassociatedwiththebuildofaprototyperacecar.
S2CostandManufacturingEvent
S2.2CostandManufacturingProcedure
S2.2.1
S2CostandManufacturingEvent
S2.3.3
AllCRDdocumentsmustbeprintedbytheteamandbroughtasahardcopytotheevent
discussion.
S2.3.4
ThewebsitetoolwillprovideaprintablepdfversionoftheBOM.
S2.3.5
ThehardcopymustbeinaringbinderwithDINA4pages(orsimilar).
S2.3.6
Thehardcopymustbeidenticaltotheuploadedversion.
S2.4BillofMaterial(BOM)
S2.4.1
TheBOMisasortedlistforeveryvehiclepartincludingtheassociatedmanufacturing
processes.
S2.4.2
TheBOMmust:

Listeverypartandequipmentttedontheprototypevehicleatanytimeduringthe
S2CostandManufacturingEvent
S2.4.6
Whenadding“parts”totheBOM,thecommentssectionshouldbereviewedthoroughly.
Thechosenpartnamemustclearlydescribewhatisincluded.Forexample,ifaspringis
included,the“part”shouldnotbecalled“damper”.
S2.4.7
Each“part”ofan“assembly”mustbeclassiedas“bought”or“made”.
S2.4.8
Foreach“boughtpart”,onlyfastenersmustbeincluded(ifrequired).Ifthepartwasmodied,
theassociatedprocessesforthismodicationmusttobeincluded.
S2.4.9
Foreach“madepart”therawmaterial,allproductionprocesses,toolingandallrequired
fastenersmustbeincluded.
S2.4.10
“Processes”arethenecessaryoperationstoproducethe“part”outofthe“material”.
S2.4.11
“Material”istheusedrawmaterialofapart,eg.aluminium.
S2.4.12
“Tooling”arethenecessarytoolsusedfortransformingthe“material”intothedesiredshape.
S2.4.13
“Fasteners”areadditionalitemsnecessarytoassemblethe“part”.
S2.4.14
S3EngineeringDesignEvent
S2.7CostExplanationFile
S2.7.1
Thecostexplanationleisadocumentcontainingadditionalexplanations,whichallowthe
judgestounderstandthecostswithintheCBOMpartoftheBOM.
S2.7.2
Thecostexplanationleshouldpointoutwhichcostmodelwasusedandwhichtypesof
costsareincluded.Itshouldalsocontainwhichspeciccostgureswereused,e.g.thecost
ofonemachineoperationhour.
S2.8CostandManufacturingVehicleCondition
S2.8.1
Vehiclesmustbepresentedforcostandmanufacturingjudginginnishedcondition,fully
FormatandAccuracyofDocuments5
KnowledgeofDocumentsandVehicle5
Total100
S2.9.2
IncaseofmissingitemswithintheBOM,pointsaredeductedupuntilzeropointsscoring
Assembly

5
Part

3
Process/Material

1
S3E
NGINEERING
D
ESIGN
E
VENT
S3.1EngineeringDesignObjective
S3.1.1
Theconceptofthedesigneventistoevaluatethestudent'sengineeringprocessandeffort
S3EngineeringDesignEvent
S3.1.2
Componentsandsystemsthatareincorporatedintothevehicledesignasnisheditemsare
notevaluatedasastudentdesignedunit,butareonlyassessedontheteam'sselectionand
applicationofthatunit.
S3.2EngineeringDesignReport(EDR)
S3.2.1
TheEDRshouldcontainabriefdescriptionoftheoverallvehiclewithareviewandderivation
oftheteam'sdesignobjectives.Anyinformationtoscope,explainorhighlightdesign
S4[DV
ONLY
]AutonomousDesignEvent
S3.5EngineeringDesignVehicleCondition
S3.5.1
Vehiclesmustbepresentedfordesignjudginginnishedcondition,fullyassembled,com-
OverallVehicleConcept25
VehiclePerfomance35
Mechanical/StructuralEngineering25
Total150
S4[DV
ONLY
]A
UTONOMOUS
D
ESIGN
E
VENT
S4.1AutonomousDesignObjective
S4.1.1
Thepurposeofthiseventistoevaluatethecapabilityofthevehicletodriveautonomously.
Therefore,allsystemsthatarerequiredtodriveautonomouslywillbeinvestigated.Thisalso
includesadiscussionaboutthehardwareandthesoftwareusedintheautonomoussystem.
Sincetheautonomousdesigneventtakesplaceafterthedynamicdisciplines,thevehicle's
movementsofthetrackdrivearealsotakenintoaccount.
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110
of128
S4[DV
ONLY
]AutonomousDesignEvent
S4.1.2
Theautonomousdesignconsistsofthreeparts:theAutonomousDesignReport(ADR),the
autonomousdesignpresentation+discussionandtheracereview.
S4.2AutonomousDesignGeneralSpecications
S4.2.1
TheautonomousdesigneventstartswiththesubmissionoftheADRandrespectivelywith
itsreview.
S4.2.2
Therewillbenoautonomousdesignnals.
S4.2.3
Theautonomousdesigneventtakesplacewithoutthevehicleitself.
S4.3AutonomousDesignReport(ADR)
S4.3.1
TheADRwillbeusedtosorttheteamsintoappropriatedesignqueues,basedonthequality
ofitsreview.
S4.3.2
TheADRshouldcontainadescriptionoftheautonomoussystemwithareviewandderivation
oftheteam'sdesignobjectives.Anyinformationtoscope,explainorhighlightdesign
S4[DV
ONLY
]AutonomousDesignEvent
S4.5.2
Basedonthedatagainedduringthetrackdrive,themovementsanddecisionsofthevehicle
arediscussed.Therefore,thesoftwareandthealgorithmsofthevehicleareinvestigatedin
FormulaStudentRules2017
DD
YNAMIC
E
VENT
R
EGULATIONS
D1D
YNAMIC
E
VENTS
G
ENERAL
D1.1DriverLimitations
D1.1.1
Intotal,aminimumoffourandamaximumofsixdriversareallowedforeachteam.
D1.1.2
Anindividualdrivermaynotdriveinmorethantwodynamicevents.
D1.1.3
Theenduranceandefciencyeventisconsideredasingleevent.
D1.1.4
[DV
ONLY
]
DVteamsarenotrequiredtoregisterdriversbutmayregisteruptothreedrivers
fortestinginmanualmode.
D1.2DynamicAreaandDynamicVests
D1.2.1
Thetechinspectionsandalldynamiceventsareheldinthedynamicarea.
D1.2.2
Fourdynamicvestsarehandedouttoeachteambytheofcialsandmustbeworninthe
dynamicarea.
D1.2.3
Onlyfourmembersperteam,includingthedriver,mayenterthedynamicarea.
D1.2.4
Driversmustnotwearthedynamicvestwhensittinginthevehicle.Thedriver'svestmust
notbexedonthevehicle.
D1.2.5
Thenumberoftoolsthatmaybeusedinthisareaisrestrictedtoanamountwhichcanbe
safelycarriedbythesefourteammembersinonetrip.
D1.2.6
Enginesmayberuninthestagingqueueontheorderoftheofcials.
D2D
RIVING
R
ULES
D2.1Flags
D2.1.1
Flagsignalsarecommandsthatmustbeobeyedimmediatelyandwithoutquestion.
D2.1.2
[DV
ONLY
]TherewillbenoagsignsforDVinautonomousmode.
D2.1.3
BLACKFLAG–Thedrivermustpullintothedriverchangeareafordiscussionwiththe
ofcialsconcerninganincident.Atimepenaltymaybeassessed.
D2.1.4
BLACKFLAGWITHORANGEDOT–Mechanicalblackag.Thedrivermustpullintothe
D2DrivingRules
D2.1.5
BLUEFLAG–Thedrivermustpullintothedesignatedpassingzonetobepassedbyafaster
D2DrivingRules
D2.3.2
Slidingskirtsorotheraerodynamicdevicesthatbydesign,fabricationorasaconsequence
ofmoving,contactthetracksurfaceareprohibited.Anyviolationmaybepenalizedbya
mechanicalblackag.
D2.3.3
Thegroundclearancemaybetestedatanytimeattheexitofadynamicevent/parcfermé.
AnyoffensewillleadtoaDNFinthelastrunpriorthecheck.
D2.4PracticeTrack
D2.4.1
Apracticetrackfortestingandtuningvehiclesisavailable.
D2.4.2
[DV
ONLY
]ApracticetrackforDVwillbeavailable(autonomous/manual).
D2.4.3
Tousethepracticetrack,vehiclesmusthavepassedalltechnicalinspections.
D2.4.4
Practiceortestingatanylocationotherthanthepracticetrackisabsolutelyforbidden.
D2.5[DV
ONLY
]Cones&Markings
D2.5.1
[DV
ONLY
]
teamthatitiswasnotself-inicted,are-runmaybegranted.
D2.6.6
D3WeatherConditions
D2.7[DV
ONLY
DryDry
D4SkidpadEvent
D4.1.3
16
conesareplacedaroundtheinsideofeachinnercircle.
13
conesarepositionedaround
theoutsideofeachoutercircle,inthepatternshownintheskidpadlayoutdiagram.
D4.1.4
Eachcircleismarkedwithaline,outsidetheinnercircleandinsidetheoutercircle.
D4.1.5
Aconewillbeplacedinthemiddleoftheexitgatetopreventunintendedexitsuntilthelast
lap(notforDV).
D4.1.6
Thedrivingpathisthe
3m
Figure20
:
SkidpadTrackLayout
D4.2SkidpadProcedure
D4.2.1
Eachteamhasfourruns,drivenbytwodriverswithtworunseach.
D4.2.2
Eachdriverhastheoptiontomakeasecondrunimmediatelyaftertheirrstrun.
D4.2.3
Thestartingorderisbasedonthetimetheteamarrivesattheskidpadevent.Teamsontheir
rstrunwillreceivepriority.
D4.2.4
Starting-Agreenagisusedtoindicatethatthedrivermaystart.
FormulaStudentRules2017Version:1.1
117
of128
D5AccelerationEvent
D4.2.5
Thevehiclewillenterperpendiculartothegureofeightandwilltakeonefulllaponthe
rightcircletoestablishtheturn.Thenextlapwillbeontherightcircleandwillbetimed.
Immediatelyfollowingthesecondlap,thevehiclewillentertheleftcircleforthethirdlap.
Thefourthlapwillbeontheleftcircleandwillbetimed.Immediatelyuponnishingthe
fourthlap,thevehiclewillexitthetrackperpendiculartothegureofeightandmovingin
thesamedirectionasentered.
D4.3[DV
ONLY
]SkidpadProcedure
D4.3.1
Staging-Theforemostpartofthevehicleisstagedat
15m
infrontofthetimekeepingline.
D4.3.2
Eachteamhastworuns.
D4.3.3
Startingorderisbasedupontimeofarrival.Teamsontheirrstrunwillreceivepriority.
D4.3.4
Starting-Ago-signalfromRESisusedtoindicatetheapprovaltobegin.
D4.3.5
Thevehiclewillenterperpendiculartothegureeightandwilltakeonefulllaponthe
rightcircletoestablishtheturn.Thenextlapwillbeontherightcircleandwillbetimed.
Immediatelyfollowingthesecondlap,thevehiclewillentertheleftcircleforthethirdlap.
Thefourthlapwillbeontheleftcircleandwillbetimed.Immediatelyuponnishingthe
fourthlap,thevehiclewillexitthetrack.
D4.3.6
Thevehiclewillexitattheintersectionmovinginthesamedirectionasenteredandmust
cometoafullstopwithin
25m
behindthetimekeepingline,insidethemarkedexitlaneand
enterthenish-statedescribedinDV2.3.
D4.4SkidpadScoring
D4.4.1
Theruntimeistheaveragetimeofthetimedleftandthetimedrightcirclepluspenalties.
D4.4.2
3
:
5pointsareawardedtoeveryteamthatnishesatleastonerunwithoutDNF.
D4.4.3
Ifateam'sruntimeincludingpenaltiesisbelowT
max
,additionalpointsbasedonthe
followingformulaaregiven:
SKIDPADSCORE
=
71
:
5
0
B
@

T
max
T
team

2

1
0
:
5625
1
C
A
T
team
istheteam'sbestruntimeincludingpenalties.
T
max
is1
:
25timesthetimeofthefastestvehicleincludingpenalties.
D5A
CCELERATION
E
VENT
D5.1AccelerationTrackLayout
D5.1.1
Theaccelerationcourseisastraightlinewithalengthof
75m
fromstartinglinetonish
line.Thecourseisatleast
5m
wide.Conesareplacedalongthecourseatintervalsofabout
5m.Conelocationsarenotmarkedonthepavement.
FormulaStudentRules2017Version:1.1
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D6AutocrossEvent
D5.2AccelerationProcedure
D5.2.1
Eachteamhasfourruns,drivenbytwodriverswithtworunseach.
D5.2.2
Eachdriverhastheoptiontomakeasecondrunimmediatelyaftertheirrstrun.
D5.2.3
Staging-Theforemostpartofthevehicleisstagedat
0
:
30m
behindthestartingline.
Vehicleswillacceleratefromastandingstart.
D5.2.4
Starting-Agreenagisusedtoindicatethatthedrivermaystart.Timingstartsafterthe
vehiclecrossesthestartinglineandstopsafteritcrossesthenishline.
D5.2.5
Thestartingorderisbasedonthetimetheteamarrivesattheaccelerationevent.Teamson
theirrstrunwillreceivepriority.
D5.3[DV
ONLY
]AccelerationProcedure
D5.3.1
Eachteamhastworuns.
D5.3.2
Staging-Theforemostpartofthevehicleisstagedat
0
:
30m
behindthestartingline.
Vehicleswillacceleratefromastandingstart.
D5.3.3
Starting-Ago-signalfromRESisusedtoindicatetheapprovaltobegin,timingstartsonly
afterthevehiclecrossesthestartinglineandstopsafteritcrossesthenishline.
D5.3.4
Afterthenishline,thevehiclemustcometoafullstopwithin
100m
insidethemarkedexit
laneandenterthenish-statedescribedinDV2.3.
D5.3.5
Startingorderisbasedupontimeofarrival.Teamsontheirrstrunwillreceivepriority.
D5.4AccelerationScoring
D5.4.1
3
:
5pointsareawardedtoeveryteamthatnishesatleastonerunwithoutaDNF.
D5.4.2
Ifateam'sbesttimeincludingpenaltiesisbelowT
max
,additionalpointsbasedonthe
followingformulaaregiven:
ACCELERATIONSCORE
=
71
:
5

T
max
T
team

1
0
:
5
!
T
team
istheteam'sbesttimeincludingpenalties.
T
max
is1
:
5timesthetimeofthefastestvehicleincludingpenalties.
D6A
UTOCROSS
E
VENT
D6.1AutocrossTrackLayout
D6.1.1
Theautocrosstracklayoutisahandlingcoursebuiltwiththefollowingguidelines:

Straights:Nolongerthan80m

D7EnduranceandEfciencyEvent

T
team

1
0
:
25
!
T
team
istheteam'sbesttimeincludingpenalties.
T
max
is1
:
25timesthetimeofthefastestvehicleincludingpenalties.
D7E
NDURANCEAND
E
FFICIENCY
E
VENT
D7.1EnduranceTrackLayout
D7.1.1
Theendurancetracklayoutisaclosedlapcircuitbuiltwiththefollowingguidelines:

Straights:Nolongerthan80m

D7EnduranceandEfciencyEvent
D7.1.3
D7EnduranceandEfciencyEvent
D7.3.5
Thepassingrulesdonotapplytovehiclesthatarestoppedontrackorvehiclesthathave
spunoutandarenotmoving.Whenpassingastationaryvehicle,itiscriticaltoslowdown,
drivecautiouslyandtofollowtheinstructionsfromthetrackmarshals.
D7.4EnduranceDriverChangeProcedure
D7.4.1
Onlythreeteammembersincludingthedrivermayenterthedriverchangearea.Theymay
onlybringthetoolsrequiredtoadjustthevehicletoaccommodatetheseconddriverand/or
changetires.
D7.4.2
Forelectricvehicles,thethreeteammembersmustconsistofanESOandtwodrivers.
D7.4.3
Duringthedriverchange,theteammay:

performchangestoaccommodatetheseconddriver

operatethemasterswitch(es)

changetiresasperD7.5.
Nootherworkmaybeperformedduringthedriverchange.
D7.4.4
Eachteamisgiventhreeminutestochangetheirdriver.
D7.4.5
Thedriverchangetimewillstartoncethevehicleisstoppedinthedriverchangeareaand
therstdriverhasturnedofftheengineforCVorturnedoffthetractivesystemforEVs.
D7.4.6
Therstdriverwillclimboutthevehicleandanynecessaryadjustmentswillbemadeto
D7EnduranceandEfciencyEvent
Existing
Operating
Condition
Currently
runningon
Condition
changesto
Dry
Condition
changesto
Damp
Condition
changesto
DryDryTires–AB
DampDryTires–AB
RequirementAllowedatDriverChange?TimeAllowed
A
D7EnduranceandEfciencyEvent
D7.7EnduranceScoring
D7.7.1
Eachlapoftheenduranceeventisindividuallytimed.Thecorrectedelapsedtimeis
addinganypenaltytimes.
D7.7.2
Theposteventtechnicalinspection(see
IN12
)mustbepassedtoscorepointsintheen-
duranceevent.
D7.7.3
25pointsareawardedtoeveryteamthatnishesendurancewithoutDNF.
D7.7.4
Ifateam'scorrectedelapsedtimeisbelowT
max
,additionalpointsbasedonthefollowing
formulaaregiven:
ENDURANCESCORE
=
300

T
max
T
team

1
0
:
333
!
T
team
istheteam'scorrectedelapsedtime.
T
max
is1
:
333timesofthecorrectedelapsedtimeofthefastestvehicle.
D7.8[CV
ONLY
]EfciencyScoring
D7.8.1
Energyefciencyismeasuredduringtheenduranceevent.
D7.8.2
Onlyvehicleswhichscorepointsintheenduranceeventwillreceivepointsforefciency.
D7.8.3
Teamswhosefuelvolumeusedduringtheenduranceeventexceeds
26l
=
100km
receivezero
pointsforfuelefciency.
D7.8.4
TeamswhosecorrectedelapsedendurancetimeexceedsT
max
asdenedin
D7
.7.4receive
zeropointsforefciency.
D7.8.5
Afternishingtheendurancethevehicleisguidedtotofuelstationandlledupbyan
ofcial.
D7.8.6
E
team

1
E
min
E
max

1
1
A
E
team
istheteam'sefciencyfactor.
E
max
isthehighestefciencyfactorofallteamswhoareabletoscorepointinefciency.
E
min
isthelowestefciencyfactorofallteamswhoareabletoscorepointinefciency.
D7.8.8
Theefciencyfactoriscalculatedbasedonthefollowingformula:
EFFICIENCYFACTOR
=
T
min

V
min
T
team

V
team
T
team
istheteam'scorrectedelapsedtime.
T
min
isthefastestcorrectedelapsedtimeofallteamswhoareabletoscorepointinefciency.
FormulaStudentRules2017Version:1.1
124
of128
D8[DV
ONLY
]TrackdriveandEfciencyEvent
V
team
istheteam'scorrectedusedfuelvolume.
V
min
isthelowestcorrectedusedfuelvolumeofallteamswhoareabletoscorepointin
efciency.
D7.8.9
ThemeasuredfuelvolumeofvehiclesusingE
85
fuelisdividedby
1
:
4
tobecomparableto
thevehiclesusing98RON.
D7.9[EV
ONLY
]EfciencyScoring
D7.9.1
Energyefciencyismeasuredduringtheenduranceevent.
D7.9.2
D7.9.5
Onlyvehicleswhichscorepointsintheenduranceeventwillreceivepointsforefciency.
D7.9.6
TeamswhosecorrectedelapsedendurancetimeexceedsT
max
asdenedin
D7
.7.4receive
zeropointsforefciency.
D7.9.7
Ifateamnishestheenduranceevent,efciencypointsbasedonthefollowingformulaare
given:
EFFICIENCYSCORE
=
100

0
:
1
E
team

1
0
:
1
E
max

1
!
E
team
istheteam'sefciencyfactor.
E
max
isthehighestefciencyfactorofallteamswhoareabletoscorepointinefciency.
D7.9.8
Theefciencyfactoriscalculatedbasedonthefollowingformula:
EFFICIENCYFACTOR
=
T
min

EN
min
2
T
team

EN
team
2
T
team
istheteam'scorrectedelapsedtime.
T
min
isthefastestcorrectedelapsedtimeofallteamswhoareabletoscorepointinefciency.
EN
team
istheteam'scorrectedusedenergy.
EN
min
isthelowestcorrectedusedenergyofallteamswhoareabletoscorepointinef-
ciency.
D8[DV
ONLY
]T
RACKDRIVEAND
E
FFICIENCY
E
VENT
D8.1TrackdriveTracklayout
D8.1.1
Thetrackdrivelayoutisaclosedloopcircuitbuiltwiththefollowingguidelines:

Straights:Nolongerthan80m
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125
of128
D8[DV
ONLY
]TrackdriveandEfciencyEvent

T
team

1
0
:
5
!
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126
of128
D9DynamicEventsPenalties
T
team
istheteam'scorrectedelapsedtime.
T
max
is1
:
5timesofthecorrectedelapsedtimeofthefastestvehicle.
D8.4.3
D9DynamicEventsPenalties

Whenre-enteringthedriverneedstowaitforagapandfollowtheinstructionsofthe
trackmarshals.
D9.1.7
[DV
ONLY
]
AnUnsafeStop(USS)isdenedasnotstoppingwithinthespeciedareaand/or
notenteringthenish-statedescribedinDV2.4.
D9.1.8
AccelerationSkidpadAutocrossEnduranceTrackdrive
DOO
2s0
:
2s2s2s2s
OC
DNFDNF10s10sDNF
USS
DNFDNFn/an/a

50points
D9.1.9
DNFequalszeropointsonthatrun.
D9.1.10
IfateamDidNotAttempt(DNA)aneventthescoreiszeropoints.
D9.1.11
EachrunwithanincorrectnumberoflapsatskidpadisclassiedasDNF.
D9.1.12
Failuretoobeyaag:oneminutetimepenalty.
D9.1.13
Recklessoraggressivedrivingor“OverDriving”:blackag(seeD2.1.3)
D9.1.14
Vehicletovehiclecontact:Twominutesuptodisqualicationdependingonthenatureofthe
incident.
D9.1.15
Ifavehiclestallsandcannotrestartwithoutexternalassistance,thevehicleisDNFforthat
run.
D9.1.16
[EV
ONLY
]
Eachpowerorvoltageviolation,see
EV2
.2,isDNFforthefastestrun.Ifa

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