Перевод, парафраз и метр в древних славянских кондаках. I


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Revue des Žtudes slaves, Paris, LXXX II/2, 2011, p. 202. !"#"$%& , !'#'(#') +",# &#"$-*. /0'$1-/2*. 2%-&'2'. +345678 953:;3 =357�:;�[email protected]:A;?7� B�CD6 [email protected]�:8;6AE XIX XXI :: ROMAN NIKOLA EVI KRIVKO SŽminair des langues slaves de l universitŽ Geor Auguste, Gšttingen Institut de la l ngue russe V. Vinogradov de l AcadŽmie des sciences de Russie, Moscou ;&/')4 ( =�[email protected]=B�? 1%,.&4 &',/ ,+ %#'DE,0 F)/$&% %,+)/.,614&6 G,-/&G$)*,, . H,-/&G$)*,I#14,6 .#$-,/ =�[email protected]=B�? % +/) I#/,, Ô F)/$ C&G&12DF#C/&6 (&8+,,, , $)+/&%,'/&1.J 2,.D$G, I#14&G& G,-/) %(#$%K# &.-#I)#.13 L)-, (&8.K /)+K%)2, 12)%3/14,0 2,.D$G,I#14,0 ()-3./ ,4&% È, %K(&2/3%N#G&13 2009 2010 GG . /) L#-,/)$# 12)%3/14&6 *,2&2&G,, O/,%#$1,.#.) ,- . H#&$G) P%GD1.) HQ..,/G#/# ($, (&''#$F4# R&/') ,- . P2#41)/'$) *&/ HD-C&2J'.) . 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La seconde partie, consacrŽe ˆ l Žtude de trois kondakia sera publiŽe dans une prochaine livraison de la Revue des Žtudes slav N.d.l.R. �[email protected]=B�? '#-,/D.,% &. =][email protected]^_ , (#$%&/)I)2J/& ()2&I4) , /) 4&.&$DT /)-).K%)2, 1%,.&4 , +).#- 1)- 1%,.&4 ; 1- .: Grosdidier de Matons 1977: 37 39; Koder, Romanos Melodos , I: 17 ( 2,.#$).D$) ). Grosdidier de Matons 1977: 71; Koder, Romanos Melodos , I: 36. ROMAN IKOLA EVI KRIVKO 4&/')4 &CE,-, .#$-,/)-, ?�a b^c ]a , . . Ç C&G&12DF#C/&- O1.)%# U#2,4&6 X#$4%, [ ;&/1.)/.,/&(&2# . .] 4&/')4, [...] %1#G') &C&+/)I)T.13 4)4 ;"12%"# È ( Wolfram 2004: 489). d)/$ '&1.,G 1%&#G& $)17%#.) .%&$I#1.%# [&-)/) L2)'4&(#%7) ( '& 493, e-#1 L,$,3 -#F'D 551 565, ;&/1.)/.,/&(&2J . ;&/')4 1&1.&,. ,+ %&1J-, ,2, C&2## ( '& 1&$&4) ) 1.$&* . ;)F')3 ,+ 8.,0 1.$&* , 4$&-# %1.D(,.#2J/K0 , (&1.$&#/) (& &CE#6 -#.$,I#14&6 -&'#2, ,-##. $#*$#/ , (&-#E)#-K6 4&/7# 4)F'&6 1.$&*K , %42TI)3 %1.D(,.#2J/K# ;&/')4 /)I,/)#.13 &'/&6 , $#F# '%D-3 ,2, $#-3 , /& ,/&G') N#1.JT %1.D(,.#2J/K-, 1.$&*)-, , /)+K%)#-K-, (/(L'#3 ( G$#I . =�f=�gcB�? CD4% . Ô 4)(TN&/ Õ) ,2, 2"1#M$#3 ( G$#I . $,.&$,I#14,6 .#$-,/ hi��j B�? %1.D(2#/,# Õ). L.$&*K 4&/')4) , 12#'DTE,# (&12# ($&,-,#% , /)+K%) T.13 #M(14 . "$, /)2,I,, ()$)22#2#6 %,+)/.,614,0 )%.&$&% (3.&G& N#1.&G& %#4&% G$#I#14,6 (&8.,I#14,6 .#$-,/ �k=�a ( $D114 . 12)% . #M(14N , CD4% . Ô '&- 1I,.)#.13 1#-)/.,I#14&6 4)2J4&6 1,$,614&G& Ô '&- ; 1.$&*) . l#$-,/&2&G,I#14)3 ()$)22#2J �k=�a '&- ; 1.$&*) &Cm31/3#.13 #/#.,I#14&6 1%3+JT %,+)/.,614&G& 4&/')4) 42)11,I#14&6 0$,1.,)/14&6 1,$,614&6 2,.#$).D$&6 . n4&1K 4&/')4) &Cm#',/#/K )4$&1.,0&- , *$)+&%K- ,2, )2*)%,./K- , ($,/7,(K (&1.$& #/,3 4&.&$&G& .)4F# +),-1.%&%)/K ,+ '$#%/##%$#614&6 1,$,614&6 (&8+,, o)$3'D 4& /')4&- , %.&$K- -/&G&1.$&*/K- F)/$&- %,+)/.,614&6 G,-/&G$)*,, 3%23#.13 4)/&/ . e.&. F)/$ , ,+&C$#.#/,# 4&.&$&G& )G,& G$)*,I#14)3 .$)',7,3 ($, (,1K%)#. P/'$#T ;$,.14&-D (660 749), &4&/ I).#2J/& 12&F,213 .%&$I#1.%# n&)//) p)-)14,/) ( &4 650 [?] &4 750) 1-K 5)T-14&G& ( VIII .) . Y/ $)+%,213 ,+ 7,42&% Grosdidier de Matons 1977: 38, 42 Grosdidier de Matons 1977: 3 4; Koder, Romanos Melodos , I: 17. Grosdidier de Matons 1977: 39; Follieri 1997: 6. -#.$,4# 4&/')4) 1- .: Grosdidier de Matons 1977: 119 156 ( 2, .#$).D$) ); Hannick $#*$#/# 4&/')4# 1- .: Grosdidier de Matons 1977: 45 47 ( 2,.#$).D$) ); Hunger ÇLes mots �k=�a et =�f=�gcB�? sont employŽs par des mŽtriciens des sicles ˆ propos des pomes anacrŽontiques �k=�a Žtait la premire partie de la strophe, formŽe de dimtres ioniques a minore le =�f=�gcB�? , la paire de trimtres ioniques qui la termineÈ (Grosdidier de Matons 1977: 39, n. 206). ÇDe beaucoup la plus probable est celle qui fait de �k=�a un emprunt direct au syriaque baith™ , mot qui signifie ˆ la fois ÒmaisonÓ et ÒstropheÓ. On a rapprochŽ ce double sens de italien stanza, ÒsalleÓ et ÒstanceÓÈ (Grosdidier de Matons 1977: 39). Maas 1910; Brock 1985: 81 , Brock 1989: 141 , Brock 1991: 109 119 ; Grosdidier de Matons 1977: 16 27; Halleux 1978; Follieri 1997: 3 4; Petersen 1985, 1990. YC )4$&1.,0# 4&/')4)0 : Krumbacher 1904. L- . &C+&$ : Keller 1977: 12 Wellesz 1961: 199; Beck 1959: 265 266; Harris 2004: 176; 1$ . +).#- : Kazhdan, Gero 5ql[n;P p[qUoqr Xq[;YUoYLVPUMoL;Yr "YeSnn -&/&1.$&*/K0 G,-/&% .$&()$#6 , 4&.&$K# CK2& (&2&F#/& ,1(&2/3.J /) -&/)1.K$14&6 D.$#/# (&12# 1&&.%#.1.%DTE,0 1.,0&% '#%3., C,C2#6 14,0 (#1/#6 , 1&G2)1/& ,#$D1)2,-14&6 C&G&12DF#C/&6 .$)',7,, . "& 8.&6 ($,I,/# )- 4)/&/ .&F# 1&1.&,. ,+ '#%3., I)1.#6 , 4)F')3 ,+ 4&.& $K0 /)+K%)#.13 2*4-? ( %.&$)3 (#1/J -&F#. &.1D.1.%&%).J , /& 1)4$)2J /&# I,12& =*,&;? ($, 8.&- 1&0$)/3#.13 C2)G&')$3 .&-D , I.& 12#'DTE)3 (&12# (#$%&6 (#1/J 1I,.)#.13 .$#.J#6 ). "#1/J 4)/&/) %42TI)#. 1#C /#14&2J4& 1.$&* , /)+K%)#-K0 .$&()$3-, . ;)/&/K /#(&'%,F/&G& G&'& %&G& 4)2#/')$/&G& 4$DG) 1&'#$F).13 5,/#30 , ,0 ,+DI#/,# 12)%3/ 14&6 .$)',7,, CK2& /)I).& MG,I#- , 4&.&$K6 ,+')2 '$#%/#6N,# ')., $&%)//K# %&1.&I/&12)%3/14,# 12DF#C/K# 5,/#, , 1&($&%&',% .#41. /#4&.&$K-, $)/## /# &(DC2,4&%)//K-, G$#I#14,-, &$,G,/) 2)-, . 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L.,0 -&F# '#2,.J13 /) C&2## -#24,# -#.$,I#14,# &.$#+4, , 4&.&$K# ,/&G') /)+K%)T. , 1&&.%#.1.%#//& , Ç '2,//K# 1.$&4, È Ç 4&$&.4,# 1.$&4, . ')2J/#6N#- ,+2&F#/,, 1.).J# CD'D. YC ,1.&$,, C,C2#614,0 (#1/#6 1%3+)//K0 /,-, 7,42)-, .$&()$#6 , ,+ 4&.&$K0 %(&12#' 1.%,, $)+%,213 F)/$ 4)/&/) , 1- .: Schneider 1949, 1949a; Hanke 2000; Petrynko 2008 ( 2,.#$).D$) ). X,42K 8.,0 (#1/&(#/,6 1&0$)/,2,1J .&2J4& '$#%/# G$D +,/14&6 .$)',7,, 1&1.)%# '$#%/#6N#G& n)'G)$, ; 1- . #G& 1)-&# /&%&# ,112#'&%)/,# (#$#%&' /) *$)/7D+14,6 3+K4 : Renoux 2000, 2008. "&2J+DT1J 12DI)#- (&C2)G&')$,.J +) C,C2,&G$)*,I#14DT 1($)%4D $) C&G&12&%,3 , . 5,0),2) d#2.&%) ( 5&14%) ). MG,I 1886. Johannet 1987, 1992, 1992 , 2005. -#.$,4# %,+)/.,614&6 G,-/&G$)*,, *&$-K st , uAi , ?v? , wk , y? , z? ,/&G') ^{@]a -&GD. %K1.D().J 4)I#1.%# 8/42,.,I#14,0 (Afentoulidou 2004: 50 51), &'/)4& , Ç 12, .&G& .$#CD#. -#.$ , .& 42)11,I#14,# 8/42,.,4, (#$#1.)T. CK.J .)4&%K-, È (Afentoulidou 2004: 51) 1.)/&%3.13 (&2/&D')$/K-, *&$-)-, . l#$-,/ %&10&',. $)C&. )- : Meyer 1886: 64 94, Meyer 1896; 1- . -#.$,4# 4&/')4) , .&- I,12# #G& 1%3+30 )/.,I/&6 %&1.&I/&6 .$)',7,3-, , .)4F# %)$J, %)/,, -#.$,I#14,0 -&'#2#6 (&' %2,3/,#- -#2&',, : Grosdidier de Matons 1977: 27; ROMAN IKOLA EVI KRIVKO ,1(&2J+&%).J13 .#$-,/K '2,//)3 1.$&4) È, ,2, 4;#5 , 4&$&.4)3 1.$&4) , ,2, (1'1- . p2,//)3 1.$&4) -&F#. 1&1.&3.J ,+ &'/&G& 4&2&/) . p#2#/,# %,+)/.,614&G& 4&/')4) /) 1.$&*K , 1.,0, 4&2&/K &.$)F)#.13 ,+').#2J14&6 ($)4.,4# , 4&.&$)3 %&1($&,+%&',.13 ')//&6 1.).J# ($, 7,.,$&%)/,, G$#I#14,0 &$,G,/)2&% . Ç &.2,I,# &. &$,G,/)2) , +)4& /K ,+&1,22)C,+ -) G&-&.&/,, /# 1&C2T')2,1J 12)%3/14,0 4&/ 4)0 /, 1&&.%#.1.%DTE,0 1.$&4)0 [ &'/,0 .#0 F# G,-/&% . .], /, -#F'D 1)-&G2)1/&- [ &C$)+7&%&6 -#.$,I#14&6 -&'#2JT . .] É&#x-14-;∀ (&'&C/&6 #-D [ /) 12)%3/14&6 (&I%# .&2J4& -D+K4)2J/&- &./& N#/,, . .] 1.,0,$&6 È ( Keller 1977: 149). n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n$-& 2&G,T L.,0,$)$T . p$#%/#$D114,# ;&/')4)$, ,+DI#/K ($#F'# %1#G& Hannick 1984, 1991; Brock 1989: 140 141; K eller 1977: 148 ( 4$).4,6 &C+&$ 2,.#$).D$K ), Keller 1981; Hšrandner 1997: 180 L- . ,+')/,3 : Trypanis 1968; MT I II; GM I V; K II VI. L- . &I#$4 ,1.&$,, %&($&1) : Maisano 1993: 112 118; /&%#6N,# $)C&.K : Koder, Romanos Melodos , ( 2,.#$).D$) ); Louth 200 5; Detoraki 2006; Lingas 1995; Wolfram 2004: 489; Hannick 2009. n+')/,3 : AK I II; PAS I; GM I V; TRM I IV; Trypanis, Cantica MT I II; (& 1#6 '#/J G2)%/&# &1/&%/&- /# D1.)$#%N## ,112#'&%)/,# Grosdidier de Matons 1977 ( 1$ . +).#- C&2## (&+'/,# $)C& .K , &.I)1., D.&I/3TE,# /#4&.&$K# (&2& /,3 $)/## &(DC2,4&%)//&6 -&/&G$)*,, : Grosdidier de Matons 1980, 1980 1981, 1983). HlH , 5349, XI XII %% . ( ,+' .: O1. l,( . I III) ( ;).)2&G 1984: 88 89, 50); [H} , Ynp[ 107 [o} , "&G 43, XII . ( '%# I)1., &'/&6 $D4&(,1, ; ;).)2&G 1984: 150 124, 125); [o} , Q I 32 YHo} ( Ypo} ), H$,G . 1/93 (1 .) ( '%# I)1., &'/&6 $D4&(,1, ), Ç }2)G&%#E#/14,6 / o,F#G&$&'14,6 ;&/')4)$J È, ( XII?) /)I . XIII . ( ,+' .: }$)F/,4&% 1955; K II) ( ;).)2&G 1984: 170 172, || 153, 15 4); [H} , 304/I ( lLV 23, Ç l$&,74,6 / V)%$14,6 ;&/')4)$J È, XII XIII %% . ( ,+' .: Myers 1994; &(,1)/,# : ;).)2&G 1984: 227 228, 204); Hn5 , O1( . 9, Ç O1(#/14,6 ;&/')4)$J È, 1207 . ( ,+' .: Bugge 1960) ( ;).)2&G 1984: 193 194, 173); Hn5 , L,/ . 777, XIII . ( ;).)2&G 1984: 229, 205); 4$,.,I#14&# ,+')/,# '$#%/#$D114,0 ;&/')4)$#6 : K ; 1- . .)4F# Keller 1977; Keller 1981 ( -D+K4&%#'I#14&# ,112#'&%)/,# *$)G-#/.) ;&/')4)$3 , 22 72 &C 73 &C ., '$#%/#$D114&- Y4.&,0# XIII XIV %% . ,+ 1&C$)/,3 [o} , L&* . 122). YC 8.&6 &1&C#//&1., 12)%3/14&6 G,-/&G$)*,, : 5&-,/) 1991: 201; /&%#6N## ,112#'&%)/,# ,+')/,# n$-&2&G,3 : Hannick 2006. Ç U#1J-) (&4)+).#2J/& &.1D.1.%,# 8.,0 4/,G 1#$C14,0 1(,14)0 XIII XIV %% ., 7#2&- 2DIN# 1&0$)/3TE,0 '$#%/#6NDT .$)',7,T , I#- C&2G)$14,# . ;&/')4)$J ( /#/&.,$&%)//K6 ), (&-#E#//K6 '&(&2/#/,, 1#$C14&-D "$&2&GD /)I . XIV . ( Hn5 , W2D' . 189, 22 282), 3%/& %&10&',. $D1 14&-D 1(,14D , . %42TI)#. 1#C3 (#1/&(#/,3 }&$,1D H2#CD /) (#$#/#1#/,# -&E#6 o,4&2K . 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"$)+'/,I/DT 5,/#T �. Y1&C&# -#1.& +)/,-)#. '&1.).&I/& 84+&.,I#14,6 '$#%/,6 ")$,F14,6 L.,0,$)$J . XII /)I . XIII . �, 1&'#$F)E,6 .&2J4& 1.,0,$K /) 1 14 1#/.3C$3 , /)(,1)//K# /) (&230 G$#I#14&G& 1C&$/,4) 1&I,/#/,6 "2).&/) �. o&.,$&%)//K# � TF/&12)%3/14,# $D4&(,1, (&I., &.1D.1.%DT. . p& XIV . -&F/& D4)+).J 2,NJ &.'#2J/K# (#1/&(#/,3 È lD$,2&% 20 00: o&%#6N,# $)C&.K : U2)'KN#%14)3 2006, 2007; "&F,')#%) 2007: 149 187; Myers 2009; Floros 2009; Hannick 2009. Momina 1990, 5&-,/) 1991; ,112#'&%)/,# ,+')/,# O1.)%) ().$,)$0) P2#41,3 L.D',.) : "#/.4&%14,6 2001. YCE/&1.J $#')47,, '$#%/#$D114, 4&/')4&% 1&1.)%# ;&/')4)$#6 1.D',614& )2#41,#%14,0 12DF#C/K0 5,/#6 ($&12#F,%)#.13 4$,., I#14&- )(()$).# ,+')/,6 K III V ( -,/#6/)3 I)1.J ), MD I V, MF I IV. Rothe 1988, 1993; Momina 1990, 5&-,/) 1991. L&C&2#%14,6 1910 ( 1%&'/)3 &C&CE)TE)3 (D C2,4)7,3 ). L- . $)//TT 2,.#$).D$D ($, 1.).J# : ;D#% 1985; /&%#6N## 4$,.,I#14&# ,+')/,# ,112#'&%)/,# : Veder 2000; 1- . +).#- : Veder, Marti 2000; Hauptov‡ 2000. L&%$#-#//&# ,+')/,# : n+C L% . 1073 ., 202 ( &C .); ,1.&$,3 %&($&1) , .&- I,12# D4)+)/,# %,+)/.,614,6 ,1.&I/,4 12)%3/14&G& (&'$)F)/,3 $#4&/1.$D47,3 '$#%/# C&2G)$14&G& )$0#.,() : R#'#$ 2010. L- . 1%#'#/,3 &C ,1.&I/,4)0 : L&C&2#%14,6 1910: 27 ROMAN IKOLA EVI KRIVKO '%#/)' 7).,12&F/K6 1,22)C,I#14,6 -#.$ 7#+D$&6 (&12# (3.&G& ,2, 1#'J-&G& 12&G) . e.&. -#.$ 1&&.%#.1.%D#. ($)%,2)- ,+&1,22)C,I#14&G& %,+)/.,614&G& '%#/)'7).,12&F/,4) , ,2, 3-C,I#14&G& .$,-#.$) , ($, IQ- , (& %,',-&-D , #G& $)//#6 ,2, D($&EQ//&6 *&$-# . 8.&6 $)+/& %,'/&1., 12)%3/14&G& '%#/)'7).,12&F/,4) /# DI,.K%)2&1J 4&2,I#1.%& $)1(&2&F#/,# D')$#/,6 , +) ,142TI#/,#- #',/1.%#//&6 (&+,7,, 4&/7) 1.,0) , G'# ($#'(&I.,.#2J/) ()$&41,.&/)2J/)3 12&%&*&$-) : Ç #&C 0&',-& ($#'(&2)G).J , I.& D')$#/ /) ($#'(&12~'/#-m 12&G~ , &C3+).#2J/&# %,+)/. 67#%m , &C3+) .#2J/& 12)%3/m "&12# L&C&2#%14&G& &(DC2,4&%)//K# ,- Ç '$#%/,# 7#$4&%/&12) %3/ 14,# 1.,0&.%&$#/,3 È /# 1.)/&%,2,1J ($#'-#.&- ,1.&$,4& )47#/.& 2&G,I#14,0 ,112#'&%)/,6 . o)'QF/&1.J I2#/#/,3 L&C&2#%14,- .#41.) /) ,+&1,22)C,I#14,# 1.,0, &C#1(#I, %)#.13 , %& (#$%K0 , )+CDI /K- )4$&1.,0&- , 4)F')3 CD4%) 4&.&$&G& D4)+K%)#. /) /)I)2& /&%&G& 1.,0) , %& %.&$K0 , G$)*,I#14,- I2#/#/,#- E15,%' 6%"O K#$*1- /) $)%/&12&F/K# 1.$&4, 1.,0, (&-&EJT %/D. $,1.$&I/K0 .&I#4 . .& 4)1)#.13 E"[email protected]'%4% , .& , Ç 4)4 %& %1# 1(,14)0 '#2#/,3 /) 1.,0, /#. , .& , 4&/#I/& , %&11.)/&%2#/,# ($#'1.)%23#. &G$&-/K# .$D'/&1., /# -&F#. CK.J %#+'# $)%/& D')I/& . n-#//& &.1D.1.%,# &Cm#4.,%/&G& 4$,.#$,3 '23 DC# ',.#2J/&G& $)+'#2#/,3 /) 1.,0, E15,%' 7)$T L,-#&/D 1&1.)%# S2).&1.$D3 /# (&+ %&2,2& &1DE#1.%,.J #Q (&2/DT $#4&/1.$D47,T : Ç 1-&.$3 /) 1$)%/,.#2J/DT ,1($)%/&1.J '&N#' N)G& '& /)1m .#41.) , .$D'/& &($#'#2,.J , G'# 8., 1.,0, '&2F/K /)I, /).J13 4&/I).J13 È ( L&C&2#%14,6 1910: 29). p%) '$DG,0 .#41.) , ,+')//K# Ç (& (&+'/,- 1(,14)- È, 1.)$ &$D114&-D (Ç P+m %&14$#1&0m &.m . . L&C&2#%14,6 /#.&I/& /)+K%)2 .)4&6 '%#/)'7).,12&F/,4 Ç (&2,.,I#14,- 1.,0&- È ( L&C&2#%14,6 1910: 1 3). l)4&6 1.,0 , &'/)4& , ,-##. 12&G&%DT 1.$D4.D$D 8 + 7 .#- 1)-K- %42TI)#. 1#C3 /# '%#/)'7).J , (3./)'7).J 12&G&% ( H)1()$&% 1989: 102 105). "&2,.,I#14,6 1.,0 %&NQ2 Ç N,$&4&# D(&.$#C2#/,# È U,+)/.,, Ç &4&2& 1000 .È H)1()$&% 1989: 103), . /) 1.&2#.,# (&+F# .&G& %$#-#/, , 4&G') CK2, 1&+')/K 1)-K# '$#%/,# 7#$4&%/&12)%3/14,# 1.,0&.%&$#/,3 È, 4)4 ,0 /)+K%)2 L&C&2#%14,6 . %,+)/.,614&- '%#/)'7).,12&F/,4# 1- .: Maas 1903 ( &1/&%/)3 $)C&.) ); H)1()$&% 1989: 92 ( D4)+)/,# /) )/.,I/K6 4%)/.,.).,%/ K6 -#.$ 4)4 ,1.&I/,4 %,+)/.,614&G& 1,22) C,I#14&G& +).#- 1,22)C& .&/,I#14&G& '%#/)'7).,12&F/&G& 3-C,I#14&G& .$,-#.$) , ,2, %,+)/.,614&G& '%#/)'7).,12&F/,4) ), 101 ( 2).,/14,# ()$)22#2, ), 102 ( &1/&%/K# -#.$, I#14,# , .&- I,12# )47#/.&2&G,I#14,# , &1&C#//&1., %,+)/.,614&G& '%#/)'7)., 12&F/,4) ). %,+)/.,614&- 3-C,I#14&- .$,-#.$# 4)4 &C$)+7# '$#%/#C&2G)$14&G& '%#/)'7).,12&F/,4) 1- .: L.)/I#% 1986, 2003 : 184; W)D(.&%) 1981; Hauptov‡ 1978. L&C&2#%14,6 1910: 3; .)- F# ($#'%)$,.#2 J/K# /)C2T'#/,3 &C D')$#/,, : 9. o) 1)-&- '#2# ()$&41,.&/)2J/)3 12&%&*&$-) 4&/7# 1.,0) %,+)/.,614&G& '%#/)'7)., 12&F/,4) D1.&6I,%)3 .#/'#/7,3 , /# ($)%,2& ; 1- . 4&2,I#1.%#//K# ')//K# : Maas 1903/1973: 251 255; 1- . .)4F# : Ç 4&/I)/,3 1.,0) (& C&2JN#6 I)1., CK2, F#/14,# , /& '&(D14) 2,1J ')4.,2,I#14,# È ( H)1()$&% 1989: 102). L&C&2#%14,6 1910: 19. L$ .: Ç p$DG)3 (&(K.4) '#2#/,3 /) 1.,0, &$')/) n%)/&%) , }m2G)$14, 1.)$,/, ,+m 5)4#'&/,3 L&*,3 , 1908, 1.$ 70È ( L&C&2#%14,6 1910: 19, ($,-#I . 1); 1- . +).#- : Vaillant 1956; L.)/I#% 1986. 5ql[n;P p[qUoqr Xq[;YUoYLVPUMoL;Yr "YeSnn -#$.%K0m È) '$#%/#1#$C14&-D (Ç P+J #1-J 1%~.J %J1~-D -,$D È), -#/J N#6 1.#(#/, (&'')T.13 $#4&/1.$D47,, 1%3+, 1,2J/&6 (&$I#6 L&C&2#%14,6 1910: 33). L&C&2#%14,- ($#'2&F#/K ($)%,2) 2,/G %,1.,I#14&6 $#4&/1.$D47,, )$0# .,() '$#%/#C&2G)$14,0 Ç 1.,0&.%&$# /,6 È: Ç "&12#'/## %#EJ /# 0,.$)3 . oDF/& (&1.)%,.J /) -#1.) '$#%/ , , &4&/I)/,3 ($,2)G).#2J/K0 %@1 /$/ $? , . . . +)-#/,.J I#$#+ %%@1 //$/ #$? , . . ., .& /# %1#G') , %&+1.)/&%2#/,# G2)%/&- G&.&%& È ( L&C&2#% 14,6 1910: 2). L2#'DTE,- N)G&- ,+DI#/,, -#.$,4, '$#%/#6 7#$4&%/& 12)%3/14&6 G,-/&G$)*,, 1.)2, $)C&.K PC,0.) , (#$%&6 ,+ 4&.&$K0 C2)G&')$3 1&(&1.)%2#/,T G$#I#14,-, &$,G,/)2)-, DIQ.&- -#.$, I#14,0 &1&C#//&1.#6 %,+)/.,614&6 G,-/&G$)*,, CK2& '&4)+ )/& , I.& %/D.$,1.$&I/K# .&I4, 12DF#C/K0 5,/#30 , ($&(DE#//K# ,+')/,, 4)4 2,/G%,1.,I#14, C#11&'#$F).#2J/K# ( MG,I 1886), Ç $)+'#23T. .#41.)0 (#1/#6 &.'#2J/K# 4&2&/K ( =yc^ )È ( Abicht 1914: 413). L&(& 1.)%,% G$#I#14,# &$,G,/)2K 12)%3/14,# (#$#%&'K , ($#'1. )%2#//K# ,+')//K0 MG,I#- $D4&(,130 , PC,0. $,NQ2 &C&1/&%)//&-D %K%&'D , Ç I.& &.1D.1.%DTE,# %/D.$,1.$&I/K# .&I4, ,+')//K0 MG,I#- $D4&(,130 12DF#C/K0 5,/#6 . &C&+/)I)T. /,I.& ,/&# , 4)4 -D+K4)2J/&# '#2#/,# /) 4&2&/K È ( Abicht 1914: 437) . 12#' DTE#6 1.).J# PC,0. (&(K.)213 '&4)+).J , I.& 12)%3/14&6 (#$#%&'/&6 G,-/& G$)*,, %&1($&,+%&',213 ,+&1,22)C,+- G$#I#14,0 &$,G,/)2&% , &.-#.,% , I.& Ç C#G2K6 &C+&$ -/&G&I,12#//K0 .&-&% (&1%3EQ//K0 (#$# %&'/&6 2,.#$).D$# , 4&.&$&6 ,'Q. $#IJ , ($,%&',. /)1.&3 E,6 -&-#/. .&-D , I.& (&1.)%2#//K6 %&($&1 (&2/&1.JT ,G/&$,$D#.13 È ( Abicht : 414) . o) ($,-#$# &.'#2J/K0 1.$&* /#4&.&$K0 4)/&/&% Y4.& ,0) '&4)+).J /)2,I,# ,+&1,22)C,+-) '#61.%,.#2J/& D')2&1J , 0&.3 )%.&$D ($,N2&1J ($,+/).J , I.& Ç 1&&.%#.1.%,# , 4&.&$&- ,'Q. $#IJ , ')2#4& &. .&G& , I.&CK CK.J (&2/K- È ( Abicht 1914 : 414). "&'0&' PC,0.) CK2 /#1&%#$N#//K- ,1.&I/,4&%#'I#14&6 .#41.&2&G, I#14&6 .&I#4 +$#/,3 : )%.&$ (&2J+&%)213 &'/,- ,+ Ç /&%&7#$4&%/& 12)%3/ 14,0 È ,+')/,6 Y4.&,0) , .&G') 4)4 /)DI/&G& ,+')/,3 G$#I#14&G& .#41.) 8.&6 4/,G, /# 1DE#1.%D#. '& 1,0 (&$ . n+ +) 8.&G& /# (&2DI,2, '&1.).&I/K0 &C&1/&%)/,6 ($,-#$K ( -/,-&G& ?) &.1.D(2#/,3 12)%3/ 14&G& (#$#%&') &. &$,G,/)2) , 4&.&$K# , (& -/#/,T )%.&$) , '&2F/K e.&. %K%&' (&'.%#$F')#.13 /&%#6N,-, /)C2T'#/,3-, : Ç #2&',3 12)%3/14&G& .#41.) 1.$&,2)1J .)4 F# , 4)4 G$#I#14)3 , CD'DI, +)%,1,-&6 &. 4&2&/) . "&8.&-D )44D $)./## %1#G& $)11.)%2#/K .&I4, , &. 4&.&$K0 +)%,1#2) -#2&',3 , ,-#//& 12)%3/14,0 /&.,$&%)//K0 $D4& (,130 È ( 5&-,/) 1998: 167). OI,.K%)3 &.4$K.K6 L&C&2#%14,- '$#%/#12)%3/14,6 '%#/)'7).,12&F/,4 , 4&.&$K6 ($#'1.)%23#. 1&C&6 ($3-&# +),-1.%&%)/,# ,+ %,+)/.,614&6 (&8.,4, , $#+D2J .).)-, 8.&G& Ç C#G2&G& &C+&$) È /#2J+3 (&2/&1.JT 1&G2)1,.J13 . [)C&. L&C&2#% 14&G& PC,0. /# +/)2 , /# D(&-3/D2 /,0 MG,I 1%&Q- '&(&2/#/,, %.&$&6 ,+ 1.).#6 PC,0.) (V. J. 1914). ROMAN IKOLA EVI KRIVKO &Cm31/3.J13 4)4 1$#'1.%& 1&0$)/#/,3 #G& ,+&1,22)C,I# 14&6 1.$D4.D$K . 1.).J# &.1D.1.%&%)2 /# .&2J4& 4$,.,I#14,6 , /& ,1.&$,4& G$)--).,I#14,6 (&'0&' .#41.D : +)%,1,-&1., &. /DF/&G& 4&2,I#1.%) 12&G&% )%.&$ ,/&G') %&2J/& &C0&',213 12)CK-, , ($,+/)%)3 ,2, /# ($,+/)%)3 +) /,-, 12&G&&C$)+DTEDT *D/47,T 1%3+, 8.,- . MG,I D4)+)2 1%&Q- 4$).4&- '&(&2/#/,, #G& (DC2,4)7,, : Ç 1I,.)T .)4&6 ($,Q- /#'&(D1.,-K- . U1Q .)4, %&+-&F/& , I.& /#4&.&$K# (&+' /,# ($)%E,4, 12)%3/14&G& .#41.) 1.$#-,2,1J '&1.,IJ 1&&.%#.1.%,3 G$# I#14,- .#41.&- .)4F# 4&2,I#1.%# 12 &G&% (&8.&-D (&+%&232, 1#C# /#+/)I,.#2J/K# %1.)%4, , /& 8.& #EQ /# +/)I,. , I.& DF# (#$%K6 (#$#%&'I,4 ,-#2 (&0&F,6 (2)/ . .&CK -&F/& CK2& (&2DI,.J /) 8.& &($#'#2Q//K6 &.%#. , 12#'&%)2& CK ($#F'# %1#G& '&14&/)2J/& ,+DI,.J ,1.&$,T 12)%3/14&G& (#$#%&') Y4.&,0) , 4)4 8.& ($&,10&',. .#41.&- q%)/G#2,3 , (&(K.).J13 %&11.)/&%,.J '$#%/#6N,6 .#41. È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È ( M4&C1&/ 1919), )%.&$ 4&.&$&6 , /)0&'31J &0%)I#//&6 G&2&'&- 4$)1/K- .#$$&$&- $#%&2T 7,&//&6 5&14%# , /# 1-&G (&+/)4&-,.J13 ,+')//K-, }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m#4.,%/&6 1$)%/,.#2J/& *,2&2&G,I#14&6 C)+K . )- M4&C1&/ ($,')%)2 1% +)-#.4# Ç +/) L$ .: Ç l#&$,3 7#$4&%/&12)%3/14&G& 1.,0) /,4#- /# +)(,1)/) , /& &/) '&2F/) CK.J .&F'#1.%#//) %,+)/.,614&T È ( L&C&2#%14,6 1910: 2). 5ql[n;P p[qUoqr Xq[;YUoYLVPUMoL;Yr "YeSnn I#/,# ,142TI,.#2J/& I#$/&%,4&% È ( M4&C1&/ 1919: 354), /# ($#' (&2) G)3 , I.& 1DF'#/& CK2& 1*&$-,$&%).J 7#2&# /)($)%2#/,# ,1.&$,, 7#$4&%/& 12)%3/14&G& 1.,0) . $)+%,.,# ,'#6 M4&C1&/) CK2) /)(,1)/) +)-# .4) 4/3+3 o,4&2)3 l$DC#74&G& , 4&.&$K6 $#4&/1.$D,$&%)2 1#-/)'7)., N#1. /)'7) .,12&F/K# 1.,0, E15,%'* J"#@1"#O [email protected]'1,/ % 1&1.)%# P#;#& �#"#''% B#'141.% 1934). "$)%,2) '#2#/,3 E15,%' /) 1.,0, 4&2&/K &Cm31/#/K /# CK2, . n+ (DC2,4)7,, , &'/)4 , 4)4 CD'.& CK 12#'D#. , I.& &1/&%)/,#- '23 D%,'#//&G& ,112#'&%).#2#- -#.$, I#14&G& I2#/#/,3 1.)2& , /)$3'D 1DCm#4.,%/K- *)4.&$&- , I2#/#/,# 1,/.)41,I#14&# : G$)/,7K %K'#2#//K0 l$DC#74,- Ç '2,//K0 1.$&4 È, 4)4 ($)%,2& , 1&%()')T. G$)/,7)-, ($,I)1./K0 1$)%/,.#2J /K0 &C&$&.&% 1DCm#4./K0 &Cm#4./K0 G$D(( , .&G') 4)4 '#2#/,# /) 4&2&/K %/D.$, 1.,0&% &1/&%/&- ($&,+%&2J/& ,2, F# /# $)+m31/#/& . l,(&2&G,I#14,# ()$)22#2, '23 .)4&G& N#1./)'7)., 1#-/)'7)., 12&F/&G& $)+-#$) ($,%#'#/K /# CK2, . P%.&$ , &'/)4& D4)+K%)#. /) .& , I.& D%,'#//&- ,- 1.,0&.%&$#/,, 4&/7# 4&2&/&% &C3+).#2J/) ()$&41, .&/)2J/)3 12&%&*&$-) . o# D(&-,/)3 L&C&2#%14&G& , %(#$ %K# &.-#.,%N#G& 8.& )47#/.&2&G,I#14&# 3%2#/,# /) 12)%3/14&- -).# $,)2# , l$DC#74&6 %12#' +) . M4&C1&/ &- 1&&.%#.1.%,, /)DI/K-, ,/.#$#1)-, (&12#'/#G& ,E#. ,1.&$,4& .,(&2&G,I#14,# ()$)2 2#2, D1.)/&%2#//&G& ,- 7#$4&%/&12)%3/14&G& 1.,0) /# U,+)/ .,, , 12)%3/14&- *&2J42&$# : Ç .& 4)1)#.13 D')$#/,3 , .& /)N# 1.,0& .%&$#/,# (&''#$F,%)#. � D1.)/&%2#//&# [ . M4&C1&/&- ($)%,2& , 1&G2)1/& 4&.&$&-D 4&/#I/K6 12&G '$#%/#G& 7#$4&%/&G& 1.,0) , %#$& 3./& , CK2 C#+D')$/K- � e.& (&2&F#/,# D')$#/,3 /) &($#'#2Q//K0 12&G)0 1.,0# '&2F/& , &'/)4& , $)11-).$,%).J13 /# 4)4 ã -#.$,I#14)3 4&/1.)/.) Ò, /& .&2J4& 4)4 -#.$,I#14)3 .#/'#/7,3 . "&0&F,# .#/'#/7,, , 4)4 0&$&N& ,+%#1./& , 1&0$)/3T.13 TF/&12)%3/14&6 /)$&'/&6 (&8+,, È ( 1934: 54). "&+'/## M4&C1&/ &C$).,2 %/,-)/,# /) %&+-&F/&1.J 1DE# 1.%& %)/,3 G$#I#14&G& &$,G,/)2) E15,%' J"#@1"#O [email protected]'1,/ % P#;## �#"#''% B#'141.% , 4&.&$)3 ,-##. ()$)22#2, .#41.)-, 1)-&G& o)+,)/+,/) ( M4&C1&/ 1957/1985: 279), 1'#2)2 $3' 1DE#1.%#//K0 D.&I/#/,6 $#4&/1.$D47,T l$DC#74&G& . G2)1/& %,'#/,T M4&C1&/) , E15,%'% ,-##. C&2## 12&F/&# '#2#/,# /) 4&2&/K %&10&',. /# &2J42&$/&-D 1.,0D , 1#-/)'7)., N#1./)'7)., 12&F/K- 1.$&4)- %,+)/.,614&G& G#4+)-#.$) ( M4&C1&/ 1979/1985: 212, ($,-#I 19). Y'/,- ,+ &1/&%)/,6 '23 .)4&G& 1DF'#/,3 1.)2, /)C2T '#/,3 ( Burgi 954) /)' G*4*=13 4,1D1=* ,1'# €wi @�v ^{@w_�f‚j�f . 5#*& ',3 ").)$14&G& ( Y2,-(,614&G& ) (  .) '$#%/#C&2G)$14&- (#$#%&'# '#13.&G& %#4) . Y1/&%/)3 I)1.J 8.&G& .#41.) ($#'1.)%23#. L- . ,+')/,# : Vaillant 1930. ROMAN IKOLA EVI KRIVKO 1&C&6 (&12&%/K6 (#$#%&' G$#I#14&G& . Y.1.D(2#/,# &. (&12&%/&G& (#$#%&') &'#$F,.13 (#$#%&'# *$)G-#/.) I'#%= 11 4 7), %42T IQ//&G& 1% 5#*&',#- #G& C&G&12&%14,6 .$)4.). . L2)%3/14,6 (#$# %&' I,4 (#$#2&F,2 42)11,I#14,6 )/.,I/K6 4%)/.,.).,%/K6 G#4+)-#.$ ,+&1,22)C,I#14,- 1#-/)'7).,12&F/K- -#.$&- . ,12& Ç17È CK2& %K C$)/& 2,NJ (&.&-D , I.& 1.,0, 42)11,I#14&G& 4%)/.,.).,%/&G& G#4+) -#.$) %42TI)T. 1#C3 16 ,2, 17 12&G&% ( 1- . (&'$&C/& : Burgi 1954: 8). "#$#' /)-, , .)4,- &C$)+&- , &4)+K%)#.13 D/,4)2J/K6 '$#%/#6 12)%3/ 14&6 (,1J-#//&1., ($,-#$ 4&-(#/1)7,, )/.,I/&6 4%)/.,.).,%/&6 -#.$,4, 12)%3/14&6 1,22)C,I#14&6 . $)C&.)0 M4&C1& /) E15,%'* J"#@1"#O [email protected]'1,/ '$DG,0 1.,0&.%&$/K0 7,.).)0 -&$)%14&6 )G,&G$)*,, È ( M4&C1&/ 1957/1985, /1985) (& ($#F/#-D &1.)2,1J /#31/K-, ($,/7,(K '#2#/,3 /) 4&2& /K , 4&.&$K# /# CK2, ,+/)I)2J/& $)+m31/#/K l$DC#74,- , /# CK2) ($#'($,/ 3.) (& (K.4) &C$)./&G& (#$#%&') E15,%' /) G$#I#14,6 . 1,2D &.1D.1.%,3 4)4&G& 2,C& 31/&G& *&$-)2J/&G& 4$,.#$,3 '#2#/,3 /) 1.,0, 1.&2J F# 1DCm#4.,%/K- , #12, /# ($&,+%&2J/K- , %KG23',. )/) 2,+ -#.$,4, )(&4$,*,I#14&6 Ç o)'(,1, /) I)N# ,+ P#;#& �#"#''% B#'141.% .#41 4&.&$&6 , (& -/#/,T M4&C1&/) , Ç /#,+-#//& $)+ '#2#/ /) .$, I#.%#$&1.,N,3 È ( M4&C1&/ 1957/1985: 282). o)4&/#7 , ($, )/)2,+# -#.$,4, 1.,0,$ 12DFCK YC$#.#/,T -&E#6 ;2,-#/.) , ()(K [,-14&G& , /#1-&.$3 /) (&3%,%N##13 /)4&/#7 D(&-,/)/,# $)C&. %,+)/.,614 &6 -#.$,4# , 12)%3/14,# G,-/K /# CK2, 1&(&1.)%2#/K ,0 %,+)/.,614,-, &C$)+7)-, -#.$,I#14,-, -D+K4)2J/K-, -&'#23-, , 1.,0,$)-, 1)-&(&'&C/)-, È, (& 4&.&$K- '&2F/K CK2, ,1(&2/3.J13 12)%3/14,# 1.,0,$K ,2, ,0 G$#I#14,# &$,G,/)2K ( M4&C1&/ 1963/ 1985: . Y.1D.1.%,# 1$)%/,.#2J/&6 -#.&',4, 4$,.,I#14&G& (&' 0&') ')//K- $D4&(,1#6 ($,%&',. , +) #',/,I/K-, ,142TI#/,3-, , ($,C2,+,.#2J/K- (&.&-D -)2&DC#',.#2J/K- %K%&')- ( M4&C1&/ M4&C1&/ +/)2 8.D 12DFCD (& ,+')/,T n%)/&%) (1931: 391 393), 4&.&$K6 &(DC2,4&%)2 /#14&2J4& 1.,0,$ 1% . ;2,-#/.D , %&N#'N,0 1&1.)% 12DFCK C&2G)$14&-D 7)$T "#.$D (927 969). U(#$%K# 8.& ,-#2& -#1.& .&2J4& 1.).J# ( M4&C1&/ /1985 ), 0&.3 ($&C/K- ($, -#$&- .)4&G& 1$)%/,.#2J/&G& -#.$,I#14&G& )/)2,+) -&G2) CK 1.).J /# D(&-3/D.)3 M4&C1&/&- $)C&.) (Abicht 1914a). l)4 , /)($,-#$ , 1.,0,$K 12DFCK YC$#.#/,T -&E#6 1%. . ;2,-#/.) )/)2,+,$DT.13 (&-&EJT 4).#G&$,6 Ç 1) 4$)2J/&6 '#%3.4, È Ç 1)4$)2J/&6 1#-Q$4, È ,-##.13 %,'D 4&2,I#1.%& 12&G&% 4&2&/)0 ( M4&C1&/ 1957/1985: 284). Y.1.D.1.%,# (&(K.4, 1$)%/,.J 12)%3/14,6 .#41. G$#I#14,-, -&'#23-, .#- C&2## D',%,.#2J/& , I.& M4&C1&/ '%)F'K 1%&,0 $)C&.)0 7,.,$D#. 2). ,/14&# 1%,'#.#2J1.%& P/)1.)1,3 },C2,&.#4)$3 .&- , I.& /)(,1)//K# ;,$,22&- R,2 &1&*&- G,-/K YC$#.#/,T -&E#6 1% ;2,-#/.) (#2,1J DI)1./,4)-, .&$F#1.%#//&6 ($&7#11,, W#$1&/#1# (& G$#I#14, ( M4&C1&/ 1957/ 1985: 283; Jakobson 1963/1985: 250). 5ql[n;P p[qUoqr Xq[;YUoYLVPUMoL;Yr "YeSnn Jakobson 1963/1985) , 4&.&$K# /# /)N2, (&''#$F4, (&12#'DTE#6 /) DI/&6 .$)',7,, : Ç The occasional syllabic rhythmic patterns characteristic few Greek heirmoi for most part duplicated Church Slavonic translations Such findings lead us to doubt that the Slavic Heirmologion is as polished a mon ument as Jacobson suggests in his enthusiasm for the Slavic variant of Byzantine ecclesiastical that masters and transforms the Greek models and acts as a com plementary incentive to further modifications È (Lenhoff 1983: 36 37). "&12# $)C&.K PC,0.) ( Abicht 1914 ,+&1,22)C,+- /#4&.&$K0 12)%3/14,0 G,-/&G$)*,I#14,0 (#$#%&')0 &.-#I)213 U#2,-,$& %,I#- , &.I)1., WQG&- , M4&C1&/&- &1&C#//&1., H)/&- /) ($,-#$# /#4&.&$K0 .#41.&% n$-&2&G,3 . H)/ %K3%,2 ,/.#$#1/K# YN,C&I/& D.%# $F'#/,# M4&C1&/) 4)/&/# -I . p,-,.$,T , I.& Çe&#x-4e1;ကach of the canon s odes offers at the beginning of one of its troparia or of its theotokion an iso syllabic correspondence to the incipit of the antec edent hirmos. Most of these rep etitions are doubled or even tripled: ode III.1,2: 58; IV.3 and : 53; V.1,2,3: 67; VI.1,2: 57; IX. 1,2,3: 81È (Jakobson 1985: 336). ,12) &C&+/)I)T. &CE## 4&2,I#1.%& 12&G&% 4)F'&- ,+ .$&()$#6 , &'/)4& 1I,.).J /DF/& CK2& 4&2,I#1.%& 12&G&% /# 1.$&*# , )F'&6 1.$&4# 8.&6 1.$&*K ( .$&()$3 ), 1&(&1.)%,% ,0 4&2,I#1.%&- 12&G&% 4&2&/)0 1&&.%#.1.%DTE,0 -#.$,I#14,0 -&'#2#6 ,$-&1&% . "$, 8.&- /DF/& DI,.K%).J 4)4 12)%3/14,6 (#$#%&' ,$-&1&% , .)4 ,0 G$#I#14,6 &$,G,/)2 . L&(&1.)%2#/,# 4&2&/&% D4)+)//K0 .$&()$#6 ,$-&1&% 4)/&/) -I . p,-,.$,T $#4&/1.$D47,, M4&C1&/) /&%#6N,- ,+')/,#- 12)%3/14&G& G$#I#14&G& n$-&2&G,3 (Hannick 2006) /# (&+%&23#. '&1.,IJ F#2)#-&G& 1&&.%#.1.%,3 -#F'D %,+)/.,614,-, 12)%3/14,-, ,$-&1)-, .$& $3-, . [)11DF')3 -#.$,I#14&6 1.$D4.D$# 4)/&/) -I . p,-,.$,T , M4&C1&/ &(, $)213 /) 1&C1.%#//DT $#4&/1.$D47,T 12)%3/14&G& )$0#.,() , %K(&2/#//DT /) &1/&%) /,, &'/&G& 2,NJ ,+')/,3 MG,I) (1886). L&%$#-#//K# ,1.&I/,4&%#'I#14,# 1%#'#/,3 4)/&/# -I . p,-,.$,T &C+&$ 1#$JQ+/K0 /# DI .Q//K0 M4&C1&/&- G,(&.#+ .&- , I.& 8.&. .#41. 3%23#.13 (#$#%&'&- G$#I#14&G& &$,G,/)2) , 1- . -&/&G$)*,, Matejko 2004. O1.)/&%2#//K# M4&C1&/&- ()$)22#2, &CE#- 4&2,I#1.%# 12&G&% -#F'D ,$-&1)-, .$&()$3-, /#2J+3 , &'/)4& , 1&%1#- /# ($,/,-).J %& %/,-)/,# , (&14&2J4D /)$DN#/,# ,+&1,22)C,+-) /) D$&%/# 4&2&/&% ($, 1&0$)/#/,, &CE#G& 4&2,I#1.%) 12&G&% 1.$&4)0 -&F#. CK.J $#+D2J.).&- (&$I, .#41.) . o#1&%#$N#//K# -#.&',I#14&6 ,1.&I/,4&%#'I#14&6 .&I#4 +$#/,3 /)C2T'#/,3 M4&C1&/) &C$) E)T. %/,-) /,# /) /#&C0&',-&1.J 2,/G%,1.,I#14&6 $#4&/1.$D47,, )$0#.,() '$#%/# C&2G)$14&6 %#$1,, 4)/&/) -I . p,-,.$,T DIQ.&- %1#0 ,-#TE,013 1(,14&% ( /) 1#G& '/3N/,6 '#/J ,0 ,+%#1./& C&2## '%)'7)., ; 1- . %/&%J : Matejko 2004) (#$1(#4.,%&6 %&+-&F/&G& D1.)/&%2#/,3 G$# I#14&G& &$,G,/)2) 8.&G& .#41.) (&-&EJT &C$)./&G& (#$# %&') )$0#.,(,I#14&G& '$#%/#12)%3/14&G& .#41.) /) G$#I#14,6 . n-#//& .)4)3 (&(K.4) &C$)./&G& (#$#%&') CK2) &./&1,.#2J/& /#')%/& ($#'($,/3.) l#-I,/K- , C2)G&')$3 I#-D D')2&1J %&11.)/&%,.J *$)G-#/.K $#I#14&G& )4$&1.,0) ( l#-I,/ 2009). L$ . +).#- /)(,1)//DT .$)',7,, -#.&',4, M4&C1&/) 1.).JT : Pereswetoff Morath Velimirovi 1960: 60 ( C#+ 7,.). ($,-#$&% ), 70 ( 1&0$)/#/,# ,+&1,22)C,+-) 1.,0,$# Œ Š “” —“œ , „@wit…‚�? µ �f @†? ?�v? , G$#I #14,6 &$,G,/)2 4&.&$&6 1&1.&,. ,+ .$Q0 1.$&4 (& '%#/)'7).J 12&G&% ; 12)%3/14,6 (#$#%&' 1&'#$F,. , 1&&.%#. 1.%#//& , 12 12&G&% 4)F'&6 1.$&4# ); H¿eg 1954: 47 ( %K3%2#/,# .$Q0 ($,-#$&% G&-&.&/,, ,$-&1)0 ($, /#1&&.%#.1.%,, 4&2,I#1.%) 12&G&% ); ,+ /#14 &2J4,0 ($,-#$&% ROMAN IKOLA EVI KRIVKO ($,-#$K -#.$,I#14 &6 (#$#$)C&.4, G$#I#14&G& &$,G,/)2) , 1&1.&3E#G& ,+ /#$)%/&12&F/K0 1.$&4 . "#$%K6 ($,-#$ ,+&1,22)C,I#14,6 ,$-&1 圖•”“œ –’Ÿ ’”‰— ‡”‹ , 1&1.&3E,6 , &.2,I,# &. &$,G,/)2) , ,+ (3., '#13.,2&F/K0 1.,0&% : Ç H$#I#14,6 &$,G,/)2 ( ‡ˆ‚… w? ‰‚ =^j?�? 1&1.&,. ,+ .$&4 $)+/&6 '2,/K . &.2,I,# &. /#G& [...] 12)%3/14,6 .#41. É3%23#.13 ,+&1,22)C,I#14,- (10) (&8.,I#14,- (#$#2&F#/,#- %K1& 4&6 1.#(#/, [ -#.$,I#14&6 $#GD23$/&1., . L2&%& &(1+* (3.&- 1.,0# ($#'1.)%2# /#4&.&$K0 -2)'N,0 (!) n$-&2&G,30 , '#2)#. #G& )C1& 2T./& 1&%#$N#//K- [É] "#$#%&'I,4 /# ($,%3+)/ $)C14, &$,G,/)2D . l)4 , G$#I . s�fcwj^a (#$#')/& #0 'O; "%D1; , .&G') 4)4 1&&.%#. 1.%,# '23 @�[email protected]�fa %&&CE# &.1D.1.%D#. . 5&F/& (&2)G).J , I.& .#41. &I#/J '$#%/,6 . U.&$&6 ($,-#$ ,$-&1 +)I)2&- ˜‰Ÿ Š ‹” –•”Š šŸ œ‰Ÿ ˜‰” : Ç H$#I#14,6 ,$-&1 ( „@wit…‚�? \giBw @‹? Š==cŒ‚j^? G,-/ , 1&1.&3E,6 ,+ 1.$&4 $)+/&6 '2,/K . U&($#4, 8.&-D (#$#%&' %KG23 ',. &N#2&-23TE# [É]: $#GD23 $/)3 10#-) $)1(&2&F#/,3 12&G&% 11 (6 + 5) + 13 %- . 12 (8 + 5), 11 (5 + 6) + 12 (7 + 5) *&$-# '%D0 ',1.,0&% /# -&F#. 14$K.J .&G& , I.& (#$#' /)-, [É] $,.-,I#14,6 1.,0 . *&$ -)2J/&6 .&I4, +$#/,3 8.& &',/ ,+ 2DIN,0 (&8.,I#14,0 &(K.&% %& %1Q- n$-&2&G,, . H$)/,7K 4&2&/&% D1.)/&%2#/K H)/&- 1&&.%#.1.%,, G$#I#14,- &$,G,/)2&- , (&8.&-D #G& %K %&'K 3%23T.13 )C1&2T./& /)'QF/K-, U/,-)/,# -#.$,4# 12)%3/14&G& n$-&2&G,3 $)C&.) 8.,- ,1.&I/,4&- CK2, &CD12&%2#/K %& -/&G&- C2)G&')$3 &1/&%&(&2)G) TE,- ,1.&$,4& -D+K4&%#'I#14,- ,112#'&%)/,3- (3.,'#13.K0 N#1., M4&C1&/) '&1.&%#$/K- DC#',.#2J/K- -&F#. CK.J ($,+/)/ .&2J4& &',/ , %&1 ($&,+%&'3E,6 4&2,I#1.%& 12&G&% &$,G,/)2) 4&2&/)0 : !*$?-N (N;1 4'R% (Jakobson 1963/1985: 243 244, 246; .& F# : Hahn 1968: 426 427); 1$ . .#41. 8.&G& ,$-&1) #G& G$#I#14,- &$,G,/)2&- /&%#6N#- ,+')/,, Hannick 2006: 78 79 ( ,/'#41 : «6). "&4) .#2J/& , I.& ,-#//& 8.&. #',/1.%#//K6 /)'QF/K6 ($,-#$ %&1($&,+%&',.13 &C+&$ /&6 1.).J# )-#$,4)/14&G& )%.&$) , $)11I,.)//&6 , (& %,',-&-D , /) &CE#&C$)+&%)//&G& I,.).#23 , ,/. #$#1DTE#G&13 ,1.&$,#6 12)%3/14&6 7#$4&%/&6 , I)1./&1., , -D+K4)2J/&6 4D2J.D$K : Drillock 2000: 388; 1- . .)4F# '$DG,# ($,-#$K , %&1($&,+%#'Q//K# p$,2 2&4&- (& $)C&.)- U#2,-,$&%,I) WQG) : Drillock 2000: 390 391, 393; 1$ . +).#- %)F/&# /)C2T'#/,# , .&$&-D (&%.&$/& ($,%2#I#/& +)12DF#//&# %/,-)/,# : ÇThe poetical essence of a Byzantine kanon, according to H¿eg, is not the number of syllables, but the number of accent [É] and the m usical balance that is establis hed between them (Drillock 2000: 391). Hahn 1968: 430; 12)%3/14,6 G$#I#14,6 .#41.K : Hannick 2006: 10 11 ( ,/'#41 : «11). Hahn 1968: 434; 12)%3/14,6 G$#I#14,6 .#41.K : Hannick 2006: 16 17 ( ,/'#41 : «10). "$&I,# $)11-&.$#//K# H)/&- ($,-#$K '&(D14)T. 4&2#C)/,3 &',/ ,2, '%) 12&G) , ($#'(&2)G)T. 1DE#1.%#//K# &.1.D(2#/,3 &. G$#I#14&G& -#.$) (&2J+D %,', -&G& 1,22)C,+-) (#$#%&'# +)I)1.DT .$#CDT. 4&/m#4.D$ ; %&+-&F/& , 8., ($,-#$K %KG23'#2, CK C&2## DC#',.#2J/& ($, /)2,I,, 4&2,I#1.%#//K0 ')//K0 , 4&.&$K# DI, %)2, CK &CE## 4&2,I#1. %& 12&G&% , 1.,0&% ($&7#/. 1&&.%#.1.%,6 &.1.D(2#/,6 &. ($#'2)G)#-K0 ,112#'&%).#2#- -#.$,I#14,0 -&'#2#6 5ql[n;P p[qUoqr Xq[;YUoYLVPUMoL;Yr "YeSnn '#13.K0 G&'&% '%)'7).&G& %#4) . L$#', ($& I,0 8.,0 $)C&.)0 CK2, +).$&/D.K ($&C2#-K -#.$,I#14&6 )')(.)7,, %,+)/.,614&G& ,+&1,22) C,+-) . 1&F)2#/,T , (&2DI#//K# $#+D2J.).K /# (&+%&23T. (&(&2/,.J %KN#&(,1)//K# ')//K# , 1%3+, I#- (&/3./) 14#(.,I#14)3 &7#/4) -/& G,0 (&(K.&4 D%,'#.J 1,22)C,I#14DT #.$,4D (#$#%&'/&6 12)%3/ 14&6 G,-/&G$)*,, : Ç The examples cited Palikarova Verdeil and Velimirovi consist isolated lines marked similarity their Greek models in the Byzan tine hymnographic tradition means the recurrence of the same needs to examine a hymn a canon or kontakion ] There are some known cases of paraphrase which are c haracterized by closer metrical correspondence to the original than would have been obtained in a literal translation however, their number is exceedingly small, which inclines one to suppose that fidelity to the word (including word order) was valued U12#' +) $)C&.)-, M4&C1&/) H)/) 2,/G%,1.,I#14, /),C&2## DC#',.#2J/K- ($,-#$&- %&1($&,+%#'#/,3 -#.$,4, %,+)/ .,614&G& G,-/) 3%,213 '$#%/,6 12)%3/14,6 (&12&%/K6 (#$#%&' ($& ,-,3 4&/')4) [&F'#1.%D W$,1.&%D , &(DC2,4&%)//K R . ;#22#$&- /) -).#$,)2# '$#%/#$D114,0 ,1.&I/,4&% e.&. .#41. (&'$&C/& $)+C,$)#.13 %& %.&$&6 I)1., ')//&6 1.).J, '&(&2/,.#2J/K- ($,%2#I#/,#- TF/& 12)%3/14,0 1%,'#.#2#6 .#41.) . )F/#6N,- '&1.&,/1.%&- 8.&6 '$D G,0 $)C&. ;#22#$) 3%23#.13 *,2&2&G,I#1 4)3 '&1.&%#$/&1.J (&2D I#//K0 $#+D2J.).&% , 4&.&$)3 &C#1(#I,%)#.13 4$,.,I#14,- )/)2,+&- -/&G&I,12#//K0 '&1.D(/K0 %,+)/.,614,0 '$#%/#$D114,0 $D4& . e.& '&1.&,/1.%& '& /#')%/#G& %$#-#/, 3%232&1J D/,4)2J/K- $)C&.)0 , (&1%3EQ//K0 -#.$,4# '$#%/#6 7#$4& %/&12)%3/14&6 G,-/&G$) *,, . U&+-&F/& , I.& ,-#//& /#.&I/&1.J +)I)1.DT ')F# 1(#4D23.,% /&1.J -#.&',4, /)$)%/# ($,C2,+,.#2J/&1.JT $#+D2J.).&% (&CD',2) H¿eg 1953; Palikarova Verdeil 1953; Koschmieder I III; Velimirovi 1960; 1- . 4$,., I#14,6 &C+&$ ($&C2#-K ÇWort und TonÈ /) %,+)/.,614& 12)%3/14&- -).#$,)2# : Hannick Filonov Gove 1985: 48, 57, 70 ( 1- . .)4F# : 49 50; $)+$3'4) -&3 . .). U.&$)3 I)1.J ')//&6 1.).J, CD'#. &(DC2,4&%)/) 12#'DT #- /&-#$# Revue des Žtudes slaves. 7*= Keller 1973, 1977, 1978, 1981. L$ . ',(2&-).,I/DT &7#/4D , ')//DT . Z#%I#/4&6 $)C&.)- 1%&#G& )-#$,4)/14&G& 4&22#G, M4&C1&/) &C2)1., '$#%/#6 7#$4&%/&12)%3/14&6 (&8+,, : [É] the brilliant if in part too speculative studiesÈ ( ev enko 1964: 235, f. 57). U,+)/.,/,1. ')Q. '#2,4)./K6 1&%#. ()2#&12)%,1 .)- &+/)4&-,.J13 42)11,I#14&6 1.).JQ6 (Maas 1903), 4&.&$)3 , (& #G& -/#/,T , Çshould clarify (and make simpler) some of the problems dealt with by students of medieval Slavic poetryÈ ( ev enko 1964: 235, f. 59). L- . 4&$$#4./K# ,1.&$,4& .,(&2&G,I#14,# ,112# '&%)/,3 (& 8.&-D %&($&1D : W)D(.&%) 1981; Hauptov‡ ROMAN IKOLA EVI KRIVKO ,112#'&%).#2#6 /# $)11-).$,%).J %&($&1 Ç 1,22)C,+-# '$#%/# 7#$4&%/& 12)%3/14&6 (&8+,, %&+-&F/&- #G& /)12#',, /) [D1, È l)$)/&%14,6 1968/ 2000: 257, ($,-#I . 1) 4&/.#41.# ,1.&$,, $D114&G& 1.,0) . R,2&2&G,I#14&# &.IDF'#/,# &. %,+)/.,614&6 G,-/&G$) *,I#14&6 (&8+,, (&$&',2& *)/.&-/&# (&/3.,# Ç 4&/')4)$/K6 1.,0 È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e., 4&2#C)/,3 , +)I)1.DT (&2/&# &.1D.1.%,# %134&G& (&12#'&%).#2J/& %&1($&,+%&',-&G& -#.$) ,-#T. /# 2,.#$).D$/&# , ,1.&$,4& -D+K4&%#'I#14&# &Cm31/#/,# . p)F# %,+)/.,614&6 G,-/& G$) *,, (&TE,613 G,-/ -&F#. /# 1&0$)/3.J #',/&&C$)+/K6 -#.$ /) %1Q- 1%&Q- ($&.3F#/,, . )1.& &.-#I)TE,#13 ,112#'&%).#23-, H)1()$&% 1984; R#'&.&% 2002; W%&$&1.J3/&%) 2008; ;&$-,2&% 2010: 72. L$ . 4&/1.$D4.,%/DT 4$,.,4D (&/3.,3 Ç 4&/')4)$/K6 1.,0 È DC#',.#2J/& &C&1/& %)/ /K6 %K%&' : Ç &/3.,# 4&/')4)$/&G& 1.,0) .#$ -,/&2&G,I#14)3 &N,C4) È L)+&/&%) 1974: 32 33). l)$)/&%14,6 +)-#/,2 (&/3.,# Ç 4&/')4)$/K6 ( 1.,0 )È /) -&2,.%&12&%/K6 È, Ç .)4 4)4 #1.J &1/&%)/,3 ($#'(&2)G).J , I.& [...] 4&/')4)$/K6 1.,0 [...] ($#'1.)%23#. &1&CDT $)+/&%,'/&1.J -&2,.%&12&%/&G& 1.,0) È ( l)$)/&% 14,6 1968 / 2000: 257, ($,-#I . 1). o) 1)-&- '#2# Ç -&2,.%&12&%/&- 1.,0# -&F/& G&%&$,.J 4)4 1.,0# .&2J4& D12&%/& [...] U&($&1 [...] 3%23#.13 &I#/J ($&C2#-).,I/K- È ( L)+&/&%) 1974: 34). '$#%/#$D114&6 12&%#1/&1., Ç %-#1.& ($&.,%&(&2&F/&1., 1.,0 $&+) &EDE) 2)1J '$DG)3 : .#41. (&TE,613 .#41. ($&,+/&1,-K6 ; ($, 8.&- (#$%DT 4).#G&$,T &',/)4&%& (&()')2, /)$&'/K# (#1/, 2,.D$G,I#14,# (#1/&(#/,3 , %& %.&$DT '#2&%K# G$)-&.K $,.&$,I#14&# (2#.#/,# 12&%#1 È ( H)1()$&% 1984: 19). L2#'D#. &.-#., .J , I.& $3'# $)C&. I#N14&6 C&2G)$14&6 ()2#&12)%,1.,I#14&6 N4&2 CK2& 4&$$#4./& D4)+)/& /) %,+)/.,614,# ,1.&I/,4, '$#%/#6 7#$4&%/&12)%3/14&6 -#.$,4, . /,- &./&13.13 ,112#'&%)/,3 "&(&%) , 4&.&$K0 CD'#. 14)+)/& ')2## , .)4F# L.)/I#%) ( 1- . &C&CE)TE ,# (DC2,4)7,, : L.)/I#% 2003, 2003 .)- F# 11K24, /) C&2## $)//,# ,112#'&%)/,3 ) H)D(.&%&6 ( W)D(.&%) 1981, Hauptov‡ 1978). &C&C TE,0 $)C&.)0 (& ,1.&$,, $D114&G& 1.,0) , /)(,1)//K0 $&11,614,-, DIQ/K-, , 8., ,112#'&%)/,3 /# D(&-3/D.K , I.& 2,NJ &.I)1. &Cm31/3#.13 (&+'/,- &4.$K.,#- %,+)/ .,614&G& ,+&1,22)C,+-) G,-/&G$)*,, , 1&+')//&6 /) [D1, , /# +),-1.%&%)//&6 ,+ }&2G)$,, . L- . 2,/G%,1.,I#14DT $#4&/1.$D47,T ,+&1,22)C,+-) (#$#%#'Q//&- /) [D1, G,-/&G$)*,I#14&- .#41.# , (&1%3EQ//&- 1%% . }&$,1D H2#CD ;$K1J4& 2008. L- ., I)1./&1., , ($,-#$K ,+ 4&/')4)$/&6 (&8+,, &'/&6 ,+ /#')%/,0 (DC2, 4)7,6 : Detoraki 2006: 3; ($,-#$K %)$J,$&%)/,3 -#.$,I#14&6 10#-K 1.,0,$)0 , ,1(&2 /3#-K0 /) &',/ .&. F# (&'&C#/ : ;$K1J4& 2008: 96. 5ql[n;P p[qUoqr Xq[;YUoYLVPUMoL;Yr "YeSnn -#.$, I#14,# 1C&, 4&-(#/1,$DT.13 8.&- 12DI)# '&(D1.,-K-, 1%&C&' /K-, -&'D237,3 -, -D+K4)2J/&6 *$)+K , 4&.&$)3 &4)+K%)#.13 %)F/## -#.$,I#14,0 10#- . "& -/#/,T W)//,4) , ,-#//& -D+K4)2J/K- ,1 (&2 /#/,#- $)11-).$,%)#-K0 G,-/&% &Cm31/3#.13 /# .&2J4& &.1D.1.%,# ,+&1,22)C,+-) (&')%23TE#- C&2JN,/1.%# 12)%3/14,0 (#$#%&'&% , /& 1DE#1.%#//K &.1.D(2#/,3 &. -#.$,I#14,0 -&'#2#6 , Ç 1)-& (&'&C /&% È, &$,G,/)2J/K0 G$#I#14,0 .#41.)0 . e.&. (&'0&' DC#',.#2J/& &Cm31/3#. /#1&%()'#/,# -#.$) (#$#%&') -#.$&- &$,G,/)2) , &'/)4& &1.)%23#. &.4$K.K- %&($&1 ($,I,/)0 -#0)/,+-)0 (&3%2#/,3 .)4,0 7#$4&%/&12 )%3/14,0 (#$#%&'&% , 4&.&$K# %1Q F# (&12#'&%).#2J/& %&1 ($& ,+%&',2, ,+&1,22)C,+- &$,G,/)2) . }&2## .&G& , 1&0$)/#/,# -#.$, I#14&G& #',/&&C$)+,3 %,+)/.,614&- G,-/# .)4F# -&F#. ,-#.J -D+K %#'I#14&# &Cm31/#/,# , 1$)%/,- +)-#I)/,# -#.$,4# 3-C,I#14,0 4)/&/& n&)//) p)-)14,/) : Ç l$&()$, %/D.$, &'/&6 (#1/, '&2F/K ,1(&2 /3.J13 (& &'/&6 -#2&',, ; (&8.&-D &/, '&2F/K ,-#.J &',/) 4&%DT -#.$,I#14DT 10#-D , I.& &+/)I)#. , I.& 7#+D$K &1/&%/K# D') $#/,3 '&2F/K /)0&',.13 /) &'/&- .&- F# -#1.# . S)4&/K D')$#/,3 8.,0 )/&/)0 &($#'#23T.13 .)4,- &C$)+&- /# .&2J4& %,+)/.,614,- '%#/)'7).,12&F/,4&- , /& 1.$&*,I#14&6 1.$D4.D$&6 È ( Afentoulidou 2004: 46). 1%3+, -#.$,I#14&6 1.$D4.D$&6 (&12&%/K0 (#$#%&'&% %K14)+K %)2&1J -/#/,# , I.& .)4,# .#41.K /# -&GD. 1I,.).J13 '&4)+).#2J1 .%&- 7#2#/)($)%2#//&6 (#$#')I, %,+)/.,614&G& ,+&1,22)C,+-) , ($#'1.)%233 1&C&6 12DI)6/&# 1&%()'#/,# ( Filonov Gove 198 : 50). .)4,- %&+$) F#/,#- 1#G&'/3 1&G2)1,.J13 DF# /#2J+3 , (&14&2J4D +) (&12#'/,# G&'K CK2, &(DC2,4&%)/K ,+DI#/K -/&G&4$)./K# Ç (&12&%/K# È (#$#%&'K &'/&G& .&G& F# %,+)/.,614&G& 4)/&/) $)-4)0 '$#%/#6 12)%3/14&6 .$)',7,, , 4&.&$K- &./&13.13 , I)1./&1., , '%D4$)./K6 (#$#%&' 4)/&/) 5)41,-D n1(&%#'/,4D ( 5D$J3/&% 2004: 222 249) .$Q04$). /K6 (#$#%&' 4)/&/) 5#*&',T ").)$14&-D ( Christians 200 6). Y.-#I#/K 12DI), -/&G&4$)./K0 (#$#%&'&% &'/,0 .#0 F# C&G&$&',I/K0 .$&() $#6 , 4&.&$K# -&G2, %0&',.J 1&1.)% $)+/K0 4)/&/&% ( Stern 2002). W&.3 /, &'/&- ,+ 8.,0 .#41.&% ,+&1,22)C,+- /# D1.)/&%2#/ , /)C2T'#/,3 /)' $)+/K-, 1(&1&C)-, (#$#%&') &'/,0 .#0 F# G$#I#14,0 2#41#- (&-&EJT +),-1.%&%)/,3 , 1.$D4.D$/&6 4)2J4, , ()$)*$)+K ,2, 12)%3/ 14&G& 1&&.%#.1.%,3 ( Christians 2009) 1%,'#.#2J1.%DT. , I.& ')F# .)4 /)+K %)#-K6 Ç (&12&%/K6 È (#$#%&' '&(D14)#. 1DE#1.%#//&# %)$J,$& Hannick 2007: 177 179; 2009 ; /#1&C2T'#/,, -#.$,I#14,0 10#- 4&/')4)0 [&-)/) L2)'4&(#%7) 4)4 $#+D2J.).# %2,3/,3 -#2&',, ( @�?Ž ) /) .#41. 1- .: Kambylis 1967: 284. [#+D2J.).K (Kambylis 1967) DI.#/K W)//,4&- (Hannick 2007) 4)4 %)F /#6N## (&'.%#$F'#/,# .&G& , I.& -#.$,I#14)3 -&'#2J CK2) '23 %,+)/.,614,0 12)%3/ 14,0 G,-/&G$)*&% -#/## )4.D)2J/) , I#- -&'#2J -D+K4)2J/)3 . %+),-&'#61.%,, D') /,3 -D+K4)2J/&6 *$)+K /) -).#$,)2# %,+)/.,614&6 G,-/&G$)*,, 1- .: Filonov Gove ROMAN IKOLA EVI KRIVKO %)/,# 3+K4&%K0 1$#'1.% , 4&.&$&# .#&$#.,I #14, -&F#. 1&($&%&F').J13 %&1($&,+%#'#/,#- -#.$,4, . Y1&C&6 ($&C2#-&6 ,112#'&%)/,, -#.$) Ç 7#$4&%/&12)%3/14,0 1.,0&.%&$#/,6 È 3%23#.13 4$,.#$,6 I2#/#/,3 .#41.) /) 1.,0, 1&&./# 1Q//&1.J (#$#%&') -#.$,4&6 %,+)/.,614&G& ,1.&I/,4) . YC &()1/&1., ($&,+%&2J/& G& '#2#/,3 .#41.) /) 4&2&/K (,1)2 #EQ L&C&2#%14,6 1- . %KN# . l)4 , &1.)Q.13 /#31/K- , (& 4)4,- 1&&C$)F#/,3- &'/&6 ,+ $)C&. 1#$#',/K N#1.,'#13.K0 G&'&% CK2) 1'#2)/) (&(K.4) %K3%,.J ($,C2,+,.#2J/&# 10&'1.%& 4&2,I#1.%# 12&G&% *$)G-#/.) 129 G& (1)2-) (& %#$1,, L,/)614&6 (1)2.,$, 1&(&1.)%2#/,, G$#I#14,- &$,G,/)2&- , I.& &1&C#//& D',%,.#2J/& , (&14&2J4D 1,22)C,I#14,6 1.,0 L#(.D)G,/.# '& 1,0 (&$ &.-#I#/ /# CK2 . p23 C&2JN#6 DC#',.#2J /&1., %K%&'&% ($#'2)G)2&1J 1I,.).J 12)CK# $#'D7,$&%)//K# /#12&G& %K- ( Hamm 1964), 0&.3 #EQ L&C&2#%14,6 , %12#' +) /,- MG,I 1%&Q- &.+K%# /) $)C&.D PC,0.) (&4)+)2, , I.& $#4&/1.$D4 7,3 Ç '$#%/,0 7#$4&%/&12)%3/14,0 1.,0&.%&$#/,6 È %&+-&F/) .&2J4& ($, 1&0$)/#/,, #$&% . }#+ '&2F/&G& .,(&2&G,I#14&G& &C&1/&%)/,3 1$)%/#/,3 &$,G,/)2&- -#.$,I#14)3 $#4&/1.$D47,3 4)4&6 2,C& 1.,0, $K ( . Kosti 1937/1938) &+/)I)#. , I.& 2TC&- .#41.# ,2, ')F# *$)G -#/.# .#41.) 1DE#1.%D#. ,+&1,22)C,I#14,6 -#.$ , #12, 4&2,I#1.%& 12& G&% ,+DI)#-&- *$)G-#/.# 4$)./& '%#/)'7)., ( (3./)' 7)., , 1#-/)'7)., ,2, 2TC&-D '$DG&-D /DF/&-D ,112#'&%).#2T I,12D G$)/,7K %K'# #-K0 .)4,- &C$)+&- 1.$&4 1&%()')T. 12&%&$)+'#2&- . OI,.K%)3 '&(D14)#-K# ,112#'&%).#23-, 1)-&6 (&8.,I#14&6 ($)4.,4&6 4&2#C) /,3 4&2,I#1.%# 12&G&% , 1DCm#4.,%/K6 *)4.&$ ($, .)4&6 -#.&',4# 1.)/&%,.13 #EQ C&2## &ED.,-K- , #12, /# $#N)TE,- . ;$,.#$,, , 4&.&$K# /#&C0&',-& 1&C2T').J ($, I2#/#/,, '$#%/#G& 7#$4&%/&12)%3/14&G& .#41.) /) 1.,0, , CK2, +)')/K (DC2,4)7,30 L&C&2#%14&G& ;#22#$) . l)4&%K-, 3%23T.13 1) )4$&1.,0 +)%#'&-& $)+'#2Q//K6 /) 4&2&/K &$,G,/)2 ,2, -#.$,I#14)3 -&'#2J . n142TI,.#2J/K- 12DI)#- 3%23#.13 #',/&&C$)+/)3 $#GD23$/)3 $)+ L$ .: Kosti 1937/1938; 5D2,I 1970; }K2,/,/ 1988; 1$ . +).#- /)C2T'#/,3 /)' 4&2,I#1.%&- D')$/K0 12&% Ç ,+&4&2,I#14,0 1.$D4.D$)0 È ( ",44,& : 543 593, 611 633) 4$,.,4D : Ç n112#'&%)/,3 ",44,& &C2)1., $,.-,4, 4)FD.13 1)-K-, D3+%,-K-, ,+ #G& $)C&. [...] ($,/7,( I2#/#/,3 /) ã 4&2&/K Ò /# &C&1/&%K%)#.13 [...] %& -/&G,0 12DI)30 4)F#.13 ($&,+%&2J/K- È ( L#')4&%) 1992: 121). L$ . Lenhoff 1983: 21 22 ($,-#I . 2). 4$,.,I#14,0 '23 ,112#'&%).#23 12DI)30 '&(D14)#.13 -&'#$/,1.14,6 enjambe ment, $)11#4)TE,6 12&%&*&$-D /)'%&# : æž "! Š”–˜”’´ "! ’Œ–© •”›‰ˆ‘Ÿ "! –¡’, ‡”‹”–‘”‰Œ–Ÿ’ˆ "& -/#/,T ,112#'&%).#23 , (#$%&6 1.$&4# 8.&G& *$)G-#/.) , &C$K TE#613 /) (&2&%,/# 1D**,41) ( ›‰ˆ‘Ÿ /), '%#/)'7).J 12&G&% , %& %.&$&6 Ç12 (11)È (Kosti 1937/1938: 194). o) 1)-&- '#2# +)I)2& 1.,0,$K æž –¡’ ($#'1.)%23#. 1&C&6 G,- /&G$)*,I#14,6 .&(&1 €�z^ [É] ‚ ^@^ ,2, B?‘ [É] ‚ ^@^ (Follieri III 333, 146 147) (&8.&-D /# -&F#. $)11-).$,%).J13 C#+ DIQ.) %2,3/,3 %,+)/.,614&G& ,1.&I/,4) 5ql[n;P p[qUoqr Xq[;YUoYLVPUMoL;Yr "YeSnn C,%4) /) 1.,0, (&-&EJT %/D.$,1.$&I/&6 .&I4, 1)-&6 $D4&(,1, , I.& -&F/& /)C2T').J /) %KN#D(&-3/D.&- D/,4)2J/&- ($,-#$# 5,% 7)$T L,-#&/D n+C&$/,4# 1073 .) p&(&2/,.#2J/K- 4$,.#$,#- , 4&.&$K6 &'/)F'K CK2 D1(#N/& ($,-#/Q/ &'/&6 ,+ (&12#'/,0 (DC2, 4)7,6 L.#/'#$ "#.#$1#/) , -&GD. CK.J $#GD23$/K# G&-#&.#2#%.&/K , /)2,I,# 4&.&$K0 , /)$3'D .#/'#/7,#6 -#.$,I#14, #',/&&C$) +/&-D 1.$&*,I#14&-D I2#/#/,T /) /#4&.&$K0 *$)G-#/.)0 .#41.) , (&+%&2,2& )%.&$D 1-&.$#.J 1.)$&(&2J14&- G,-/# Bogurodzica XIII XIV %% .) %2, 3/,# %,+)/.,614&6 2,.D$G,I#14&6 , I)1./&1., , 4&/')4)$/&6 , (&8+,, ( Stender 1964; . Kuran 2007). o&%K# (D ., $#N#/,T %&($&1) '$#%/#6 12)%3/14&6 (&8+,, CK2, &.4$K.K C2)G&')$3 /&%K- /)0&'4)- &C2)1., &$,G,/)2J/&6 '$#%/# C&2G)$14&6 G,-/&G$)*,, . L$#', ($&I,0 /,- &./&13.13 ()$)*$)1., I#14,# (#$#%&'K ,2, ')F# (&8.,I#14,# (#$#2&F#/,3 3-C,I#14,0 4)/&/&% n&)//) p)-)14,/) [&F'#1.%D W$,1.&%D "3.,'#13./,7# (#$%K6 ,+ 4&.&$K0 1&I,/Q/ ;&/1.)/.,/&- "$#12)%14,- ( #G& ,-3 %1.)% 2#/& )4$&1.,0 ), )/&/,-/&# (&'$)F)/,# 3-C,I#14&-D 4)/&/D n&)//) p)-)14,/) }&G&3%2#/,T . H$#I#14,# &$,G,/)2 ($&.&.,(K 8.,0 4)/&/&% 3%23T.13 /#I)1.K-, ($,-#$)-, ,1(&2J+&%)/,3 C&G& 12DF#C/&6 (&8+,, %,+)/.,614&G& '%#/)'7).,12&F/,4) 1,22)C&.&/, I#14&G& -#.$) , (&1.$&#//&G& /) $#GD23$/&- I#$#'&%)/,, D')$/K0 C#+D ')$/K0 12&G&% &',/)4&%K- 4&2,I#1.%&- 12&G&% 4)F'&- 1.,0# , $)%/K- '%#/)'7)., , 7#+D$&6 ( ,2, Ç %/D.$#//#6 ()D+&6 È) (&12# (3.&G& ,2, 1#'J-&G& 12&G) . n1.&$,4& )47#/.&2&G,I#14,6 )/)2,+ '$#%/# C&2G)$14,0 %#$1,6 8.,0 4)/&/&% (&4) /# ($&%&',213 , D1.)/& %2#/& 2,NJ , I.& '$#%/#C&2G)$14,0 .#41.)0 %,+)/.,614)3 1,22)C& .&/, I#14)3 -#.$,4) /#(&12#'&%).#2J/& 1&C2T')#-K6 3-C,I#14,6 .$,-#.$ 4&-(#/1,$&%)/) +) 1IQ. &'/&G& 2,NJ ,+&1,22)C,+-) ( "&(&% 1998, 2005, 2006). LD'3 (& ($#'%)$,.#2J/K- (DC2,4)7,3- , 1.,0, '$#%/# C&2G)$14,0 4)/&/&% [&F'#1.%D W$,1.&%D , }&G&3%2#/,T "3., '#13./,7# 1&'#$F). , 4)4 ($)%,2& , '%#/)'7).J , ,/&G') .$,/)'7).J ,2, ')F# I#.K$/)'7).J 12&G&% . 5#.$,I#14,- &C$)+7&- 8.,0 4)/&/&% 1.)2) 1,22)C,I#14)3 , /# 1,22)C&.&/,I#14)3 , *&$-) %,+)/.,614&G& '%#/)' 7).,12&F/,4) , 4&.&$&- /# D'#232&1J %/,-)/,3 D')$#/,T : Ç n-#T.13 , I)1./&1., , /)(,1)//K# '%#/)'7).,12&F/,4&- 4)/&/K , )%.&$K 4&.& "& &./&N#/,T 4)/&/D [&F'#1.%D .#$-,/K Ç ()$)*$)+ È Ç ()$)*$)1.,I#14,6 È ($,-#/#/K . U#$#E)G,/K- (1997, 1999). "&(&% 1997, 1998, 2005, 2006, 2007. -#.$,4# 3-C,I#14,0 4)/&/&% , ($,(,1K%)# -K0 n&)//D p)-)14,/D : Maas 1903 Somma 1967; Jammers 1969; Afentoulidou 2004. L$ ., &'/)4& , $)C&.D Stšrmer 1987, .)4F# DC#',.#2J/DT $#4&/1.$D4 7,T (&1.$& #//&6 (& %,+)/.,614,- &C$)+7)- 12)%3/14&6 G&-&.&/,, 4)/&/# ;,$,22D R,2&1&*D , 4&.&$)3 , &.2,I,# &. ,+&1,22)C,+-) , %&1($&,+%&',2)1J (#$#%&'# 2,NJ *)4D2J.) .,%/& ( ;$K1J4& 2010). ROMAN IKOLA EVI KRIVKO $K0 1&C2T')2, .&2J4& ,+&1,22)C,+- /# &C$)E)2, %/,-)/,3 /) '$DG,# ($)%,2) , 4)1)TE,#13 D')$#/,3 , I.& , %($&I#- , &/, /# '&2F/K CK2, '#2).J , (&14&2J4D 4)/&/K (&T.13 ( .), /# I,.)T.13 È Afentoul 2004: 51). L2)%3/14,# (#$#2&F#/,3 4)/&/&% n&)//) p)-)14,/) /)(,1)/K .#- F# -#.$&- , I.& S0D/9-* $1'#;, , E15,%'% 6%"O K#$*1-/ [)1 (&2&F#/,# 7#+D$K P+CDI/K0 -&2,.%)0 .)4F# 1&&.%#.1.%D#. ($)%,2)- %,+)/.,614&G& '%#/)'7).,12&F/,4) , 1&C2T')%N,-13 G,-/&G$) *,, . o)'QF/&1.J '#2#/,3 .#41.&% /) 1.,0, $&F'#1.%#/14&- 4)/&/# &C#1(#I,%)#.13 *$)+&%K- )4$&1.,0&- , 4&.&$K6 &C$)+D#.13 /)I)2J/K-, CD4%)-, 4)F'&6 ,+ 1.$&4 . 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YC) .$#C&%)/,3 '%#/)' 7).J 12&G&% 4)F'&6 1.$&4# (3.J 1.,0&% .$&()$# 1.$&*# , 4)4 ($) %,2& , 1&C2T')T.13 ($#'%)$,.#2J/K0 (DC2,4)7,30 '$#%/#C&2G)$14,0 G,-/&% ( "&(&% 1997, 1998, 2005, 2006). o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Ç ()$)*$)1.,I#14,- È, (&12&%/K- (#$#%&'&- ( ,/K-, 12&%)-, , 2,/ U/D.$#//33 ()D+) /)0&',.13 (&I., %1#G') 2,C& (&12# (3.&G& (B5 ), 2,C& (&12# 1#'J-&G& 12&G) (B7)È (Afentoulidou 2004: 47). L- . (&12#'/TT (DC2,4)7,T .)- F# D4)+)/,3 /) ($#'N#1.%DTE,# $)C&.K : ;$K1J4& 2010; 1- . .)4F# : Momina 2004: *262 *264 (Anm. 121: -#.$,I#14,0 ()$)22# 230 -#F'D 12)%3/14,- .#41.&- G$#I#14,-, $-&1)-, -#.$,I#14,-, -&'#23-, 12)%3/14,0 .$&()$#6 ); l#-I,/ 2007 ( (#$#%&'/&- 0)$)4.#$# 4)/&/) $#4&/1.$D47,3 *$)G-#/.) G$#I#14&G& )4$&1.,0) ). 5ql[n;P p[qUoqr Xq[;YUoYLVPUMoL;Yr "YeSnn G%,1.,I#14)3 $#4&/1.$D47,3 G$#I#14&G& .#41.) &4)+K%)#.13 %&+-&F/&6 C2)G&')$3 &C$)./&-D (&12&%/&-D (#$#%&'D )$0#.,() '$#%/#C&2G)$ 14&G& .#41.) /) G$#I#14,6 ). l)4,- &C$)+&- , '$#%/#C&2G)$14&6 (#$#%&'/&6 G,-/&G$)*,, ,+%#1./K '%) 1(&1&C) 1&0$)/#/,3 %,+)/.,614&G& ,+&1,22)C,+-) : (&-&EJT ()$)*$)1.,I#14&G& ,2, (&12&%/&G& (#$#%&'&% . LD'3 (& ,-# TE,-13 ')//K- , &C) 1(&1&C) ($,-#/32,1J DF# /) $)//#- 8.)(# 1.)/& %2#/,3 12)%3/14&6 G,-/&G$)*,, : ,+&1,22)C,+- 3%23#.13 &1&C#//&1.JT &'/&G& ,+ (#$#%&'&% ;&/1.)/.,/) "$#12)%14&G& , &/ ,1(&2J+D#.13 .#41.)0 , (&1%3EQ//K0 2,C& /),C&2## %)F/K- ($)+'/,4)- , 4&.&$K- , 4$&-# [&F'#1.%) W$,1.&%) , }&G&3%2#/,3 "3.,'#13./,7K , 12)%3/ &./& 1,.13 .)4F# ()-3.J ;,$,22) R,2&1&*) . U&1($&,+%&'3E,6 %,+)/ .,614,6 '%#/)'7).,12&F/,4 ,+&1,22)C,+- &$,G,/)2J/&6 (&8+,, '&4D-#/.,$&%)/ /# (&+'/## 1,-#&/&%14&G& (#$,&') ( S0D/9-* $1'#;, , E15,%'% 6%"O K#$*1-/ ), 8.&-D F# %$#-#/, &./&13.13 ()$)*$)1.,I#14, (#$#%&'K (&'$)F)/,3 G,-/&G$)*,, . 4)4&-D (#$,&'D &./&13.13 &.'#2J/K# ,+&1,22)C,I#14,# (&12&%/K# (#$#%&'K ,$-&1&% , &1.)Q.13 /#31/K- ($, &.1D.1.%,, -).#$,)2) '23 1$)%/#/,3 ÇThe first two Cyrillo Methodian generations initiated one particular experiment: close imitation of the fo rms and structures used in Byzantine liturgical and secular poetry. Imitation of Byzantine liturgical texts may have continued in later stages of medieval Slavic literature, but imitation of Byzantine secular meters, the dodecasyllables and perhaps even th e hexa meter, seems to have been limited to the initial period of Church Slavonic literatureÈ ev enko 1964: 234 235). L$ . +).#- : Ç YE# ;,$,2& 5#.&',#%).) #(&0) , C2#1.3E,3 (#$,&' /) S2)./,3 %#4 1.)$).) /, 2,.#$).D$) 1# &*&$-3. '%) 1.$D4.D$/, .,() (&#+,3 #42)-)7,&//) (#1#//) , 4&,.& ,-). $)+2,I/) ,1.&$,I#14) 1m'C) . [,.-,I#14, &$G)/,+,$)/) ($#',-/& '%)/)'#1#.1$,I/, 1.,0&%# , (&#+,3.) &. '#42)-)7,&/#/ .,( C2,+4) '& 1m%$#-#//,.# ($#'1.)%, +) (&#.,I#14& .%&$I#1.%& [ -#.$,I#14&6 &$G) /,+)7,, (#1#//&6 . . . C&G&12DF#C/&6 , (&8+,, 7,.,$D#-&6 $)C&.# $#I, /# ,'Q. . .]È ( ;&FD0)$&% 2004/1976: 16). ROMAN IKOLA EVI KRIVKO nLlYon;n /@8:A;?763 6D98;6A P[PoYU U . ., P[;YU U . ., 2003, T1,@1"1=4( %& 4'/+*D-% $#-*& -% $%3 E/;&;#-% $#-*& ), ,*( : A*(4; . I44'*=1,%-#& . U(%0%;*'# nF#%14 , n+') .#2J14,6 '&- Ç O'-D$.14,6 D/,%#$1,.#. È. q[q“PHno q . ., 2006, I'?#-% (-#@% ="*,-*3R#3 4'%,&-4(#3 [email protected]'/+*D-3 4D1"-#( .%(4#$#'?-1* ,142"1#0,*=*-#* "/(12#4# C,2,/#)$/& 1().,I# 14&# ,+')/,# ,1.&I/,4) *,2&2&G& C&G&12&%14,- 4&--#/.)$,#- , 5&14%) , n/'$,4 [Pdon;YU 5 . ., 1955, G'%@1,*V*-4(#3 (1-=%(%"? .1;1,142"1#0,*=*-#* "/(12#4# , ,+' . %1.D( . 1.).J3 : }$)F/,4&% , V#/,/G$)' , H"} , 1955. n+C . 1% . 1073: K#$* 1-1, 4D1"-#( . . 1, L&*,3 , }Po , 1991 [”L•;Y U . . 2005, I'?#-% (-#@% "/(12#4? 7JS)S , A#2 . 131 2,/G%,1., I#14&# ,+')/,# , (&'G&.&%4) G$#I#14&G& .#41.) , 4&--#/.)$,, , 12&%&D4)+).#2, ;$K1J4& , 5&14%) , n/'$,4 O[•MoYU 5 . ., 1998 2000, E/;&;#-% H#-*& -% $%3 (1 9 $%& , (&'G . .#41.) ()$)22#2, 5D$J3/&%) , Palaeoslavica vol , 1998, 208; E/;& ;#-% H#-*& -% $%3 (10 $%& , (&'G . .#41.) ()$)22#2, 5D$J3 /&%) , Palaeoslavica , 1999, 217; E/;&;#-% H#-*& -% $%3 (18 $%& , (&'G . .#41.) ()$)22#2, 5D$J3/&%) , Palaeoslavica VII , 2000, O1. l,( . A#[email protected]"%.4(#3 U4;%, . U4;%, (1-=%(%"*$ (1-6% -%9%'% XII ,*(% , (&' $#' . O1(#/14&G& , 5&14%) M+K4, 12)%3/14,0 4D2J.D$ –HYVqUP E/;&;#-% H#-*& ,*( ("/@* ;*(4;1, #4;1'(1 ,%-#& $%& 5&14%) l#$$,.&$,3 2001. UGGE A., 1960, Contacarium Palaeoslavicum Mosquense , edendum curavit Bugge, K¿benhavn , Ejnar Munksgaard (Monumenta sicae yzantinae ). VII Der altrussische KondakarÕ der Grundlage des Blagove enskij egorodskij Kondakar rsg. von A. OSTçL , H. OTHE , unter Mitarbeit von RAPP und D. TERN Bd. 2. Blagove enskij KondakarÕ Facsimileausgabe; Bd. 3. Das Kirchenjahr 1: Sept ember bis November ; Bd. 4. Das Kirchenjahr 2: Dezember bis MŠrz Bd. 5. Das Kirchenjahr 3: April bis August ; Bd. 6: Triodion, Pentekostarion ; Bd. 7: Oktoechos, Giessen, Schmitz, 1976, 1977, 1979, 1980; Wien Kšln Weimer Wien, Bšhlau, 1990; MŸnchen, Ot to Sagner (Bausteine zur Geschichte der Literatur bei den Slawen rsg. von H. Harder, H. Rothe, Bd. 6; VortrŠge und Abhandlungen zur Slavistik rsg. von P. Thiergen Bd. 19), 2004. MD I GottesdienstmenŠum fŸr den Monat Dezember: auf der Grund lage der Handschrift Sin. 162 des Staatlichen Historischen Museums Moskau 5ql[n;P p[qUoqr Xq[;YUoYLVPUMoL;Yr "YeSnn istorisch kritische Edition, nach den slavischen Handschriften der RusÕ des 12. und 13. Jh. , b esorgt und kommentiert von D. HRISTIANS et al. rsg. von OTHE , E. ERE 9: AGIN Teil 1: 1. bis 8. Dezember ; Teil 2: 9. bis Dezem ber Teil 3: 20. bis 24. Dezember einschlie§lich der Sonntage vor Christi Geburt ; Teil 4: 25. bis 31. Dezember einschlie§lich des Sonntags nach Christi Geburt , mit einem Nachtrag griechiescher Vorlagen fŸr Hymnen aus den BŠnden 3, zusamenngestellt von D. HRISTIANS ; Teil 5: Facsimile der Handschrift Sin. 162 des Staatlichen Historischen Museums Moskau (GIM) mit einer palŠographischen Beschreibung von E. ULGINA Opladen, Westdeutscher Verlag, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2000; Paderborn MŸnchen Wien ZŸrich, Ferdinand Schšningh (Abhandlungen der Nordrhein WestfŠlischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Bd. 98, 99, 105, 106, 114 Patristica lavica Bd. 2, 3, 6, 7, 14, h rsg. von H. Rothe), 2006. MF I Gottes dienstmenŠum fŸr den Monat Februar: auf der Grundlage der Handschrift Sin. 164 des Staatlichen Historischen Museums Moskau (GIM) istorisch kritische Edition , b esorgt und kommentiert von D. HRISTIANS et al. rsg. von D. HRISTIANS , H. OTHE . Teil 1: 1. bis 9. Februar ; Teil 2: 10. bis Februar ; Teil 3: 20. bis 29. Februar ; Teil 4: Facsimile der Handschrift Sin. 164 des Staatlichen Historischen Museums Moskau (GIM) , mit einer kodi logischen und palŠographischen Beschreibung von E. ULGINA , h rsg. v OTHE Paderborn u. a., Schšningh ( Abhandlungen der Nordrhein WestfŠlischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Bd. 109, 113, 120, 122; Patristica slavica, Bd. 10, 13, 17, 18, h rsg. von H. Rothe ), 2003, 2006, 2009, YERS G., 1994, The Lavrsky Troitsky Kondakar Sofia Heron Press, Ivan Duj ev Centre for Slavo Byzantine Studies ( Monument lavico yzantina et ediaevalia uropensia , t. IV $6D8;46?763 6D98;6A �1-=%(%" ,N @"*9*4(1$N 21='#--#(Z XII XIII . 21 "/(12#4# H14(1,4(13 K[-1=%'?-13 D#D'#1;*(# 437 4N ="*,-Z3R#$N K'%,&- 4(#$N 2*"*,1=1$N (1-=%(1,N #(141,N (%( *4;? ,N 2*"*,1=Z , [...] Šœ ›“ˆ’Š ˜ˆ Ë“™‘”› , 5&14%) , 1879, 1, 2 ( p&(&2/#/ 4m ;&/')4)$ XII XIII %~4) ). V: Romanos le MŽlode, Hymnes, introduction, texte critique, traduction et notes par J. ROSDIDIER DE ATONS , 5 vol.: Ancien Testament (I VIII) (1964), Nouveau Testament (IX XX) (1965), Nouveau Testament (XXI XXXI) (1965), Nouveau Testament (XXXII XLV) (1967), Nouveau Testament (XLVI et Hymnes de c ircon stance (LI LVI) (1981), Paris, Cerf (Sources chrŽtiennes, 99, 110, 114, 128, 283). TRM III: ]^ _`ab cab defghab `aj , klhjhm e`aj kl n_c j_lo` l^hpl^` , µ ecq nrafesa t`^` unv N. w^ _hxly , 1 (1952), . 2 (1954), 3/1: \�[email protected]^=AiB^ @�v „B?— , ˜h† N. ™Bš^s^i^ (1957), 3/2 (1957), ›œ?^B , M [email protected]Œa , 1952 1954. ROMAN IKOLA EVI KRIVKO RYPANIS Cantica : Trypanis C. A., 1 968, Fourteen Early Byzantine Cantica , Wien, in Kommission bei Hermann Bšhlaus Nachf. (Wiener byzantinische Studien, Bd. V). II: Sancti Romani Melodi Cantica , ed. by P. AAS , C. RYPANIS , 2 vol.: Cantica genuina (Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1963), Cantic a dubia (Berlin, Walter De Gruyter & Co, 1970). *[email protected]�:8;6A oHqVYU } . L. ., 1957, Ç L.)$&Cm2G)$14, .#41.&%# : ( n+ 12)%3/14,.# $m4&(,1, }Po ). . 2. L2DFC) /) n%)/ [,214, È, I0,*4;#& -% S"5#,-#& #-4;#;/; -% GN'@%"4(%;% S(%=*$#& -% -%/(#;* ¡ 1, YHpPoYUnž ., 1982, I-,*-;%" z#"#'4(#5 "/(12#4 / /@14'%,# ( XVII ,*(% , }#&G$)' ( L$(14) )4)'#-, /)D4) D-#./&1., SC&$/,4 +) ,1.&$, , #+,4 4Ÿ,F#%/&1. 1$(14&G /)$&') Y.' . I, YHpPoYUnž ., qpP;YUnž ., 1978, �%;%'[email protected] z#"#'4(#5 "/(12#4% $%-%4;#"% 8#'%-=%"% K;%"* R;%$2%-* ({#@* %-%4;#"% 8#'%-=%"% , }#&G$)' , L$(14) P4)'#-,3 /)D4) D-#./&1., , o)$&'/) C,C2,&.#4) L[ L$C, ”Vnono U . ., 1988, Ç ($&C2#-# 1.,0) 12)%3/14&6 G,-/&G$)*,, ( XIII %% .)È, K'%,&-4(#* '#;*"%;/" H*+=/-%"1=-3 4N*0= 4'%,#4 ;1, K1.#& , 14 4*-;&D"& 1988 ., '&42)'K 1&%#.14&6 '#2#G)7,, , 5&14%) , o)D4) , q[q“PHno q ., 1997, Ç Y1&CK6 ()$)*$)+ 4)/&/) /) [&F'#1.%& W$,1.&%& p#4)C$J14&6 12DF#C/&6 -,/## 4&/7) XII /)I)2) XIII %% .È, Palaeobulga rica = K;%"1DN'@%"#4;#(% , G&' . 21, ¡ 4, . 18 1999, Ç p)2J/#6N## ,112#'&%)/,# $&F'#1.%#/14&G& ()$)*$)1.,I#14&G& 4)/&/) ;&/1.)/.,/) "$#12)%14&G& ,/K- ($&I.#/,#- 4&/7&%4, #G& )4$&1.,0) È, Palaeobulgarica = K;%"1DN'@%"#4;#(% , G&' . 23, 4, , 2001, |*"(1,-14'%,&-4(%& (-#+-14;? -% 7/4# , 5&14% , n/'$,4 VPp”ZqUL;PM l ., 2006, H/0(%'?-%& (/'?;/"% )"*,-*3 7/4# , 5&14%) , S/)4 , 2007, Ç l,(&G$)*14,6 O1.)% -D+K4)2J/)3 4D2J.D$) p$#%/#6 [D1, XII %#4&% È, A#[email protected]"%.4(#3 U4;%, /4;%, (1-=%(%"*$ (1-6% -%9%'% XII ,*(% , (&' $#' . L"q oL;YHY , 5&14%) , M+K4, 12)%3/14,0 4D2J.D$ PL"P[YU 5 . ., 1984, }9*"( #4;1"## "/44([email protected] 4;#5% $*;"#(% , "#;$#(% , "#.$% , 4;"1.#(% , 5&14%) , o)D4) , 1989, }9*"( #4;1"## *,"12*34([email protected] 4;#5% , 5&14%) , o)D4) Y}[qU ., 2002, ;)/&/,.# +) 1% n%)/ [,214, &. H#&$G, L4,2,7) È, Palaeo bulgarica = K;%"1DN'@%"#4;#(% , G&' . 27, ¡ 3, . 3 PVnSoM; P . ., 2004, )"*,-*-1,@1"1=4(#3 =#%'*(; , 5&14%) , M+K4, 12)%3/ 14,0 4D2J.D$ UPoYU ., 1931, GN'@%"4(# 4;%"#-# H%(*=1-#& , L&*,3 , }m2G)$14) P4)'# -,3 /) /)D4,.# ( $#($,/. : L&*,3 , o)D4) ,+4D1.%& , 1970). 5ql[n;P p[qUoqr Xq[;YUoYLVPUMoL;Yr "YeSnn Y[pPonpn L . ., [”L•;Y U . ., 2000, H-1+*4;,*--1* 9#4'1 #$*[email protected] 4('1 -*-#& , 5&14%) , P+CD4&%/,4 ( n1.&$,I#14)3 G$)--).,4) '$#%/# 14&G& 3+K4) , . YUqUP ., 2009, Ç  F/&12)%3/14).) 2,.D$G,I#14) 4/,F/,/) ($#+ XIII %#4 È, !D1"-#( "%=1,% C#0%-;1'1R([email protected] #-4;#;/;% / Recueil des travaux Institut tudes byzantines , . XLVI , }#&G$)' , ;).)2&G 1984 K,1=-3 (%;%'[email protected] 4'%,&-1 "/44(#5 "/(12#4-5 (-#@ , 5"%-&V#54& KKK7 XIII ,, ., 5&14%) , o) D4) ;).)2&G 2002, K,1=-3 (%;%'[email protected] 4'%,&-1 "/44(#5 "/(12#4-5 (-#@ , 5"%-&V#54& 7144## , 4;"%-%5 KTJ G%';## XIV ,*( , %K( 1: S21(%'#24#4 :*;1 2#4? :%,"*-;?*,4(%& , 5&14%) , n/'$,4 ;).)2&G 2009, K'%,&-4(#* "/(12#4# D1'@%"4([email protected] 2"1#451+=*-#& 7144#34(13 T%6#1-%'?-13 D#D'#1;*(* K%-(; E*;*"D/"@ , 1&1. } . [nLlYUP PH[q}no , ono , UP[X , L&*,3 YdOWP[YU ., 2004/1976, Ç S) &C#-) /) (&/3.,#.& 1.)$&Cm2G)$14) (&#+,3 ., E"1D'*$# -% 4;%"1DN'@%"4(%;% 21*0#& , 1, L&*,3 , n+').#214, 7#/.m$ Ç }&3 "#/#% È, 2004, 32 ( %(#$%K# : :#;*"%;/"-% $#4N' G&' 20, 1976, 7, 54). Y[5nVYU L . ., 2010, Ç [#7#/+,3 /) : [ W%&$&1.J3/&%) 2008]È, I0,*4;#& 714 4#3 4(13 %(%=*$## -%/( K*"#& '#;*"%;/" &0(% , . 69, ¡ 2, . 71 [nU;Y [ . ., 2008, Ç L,/ )614& 12)%3/14,# G,-/&G$)*,I#14,# ()$)22#2, È, C*4;-#( E"%,14'%,[email protected] K,&;1 A#51-1,4([email protected] @/$%-#;%"[email protected] /-#,*"4# ;*;% 4*"#& B#'1'[email protected]#& 1/11, http :// pstgu download /1222152433. krivko [”L•;Y U . ., 2008, Ç G$#I#14,0 ,1.&I/,4)0 #4&/1.$D47,, (#$%&/)I)2J /&G& .#41.) '$#%/#$D114,0 1.,0,$ /) }&$,1&% '#/J È, Miscellanea Sla vica 4D1"-#( 4;%;*3 70 '*;#O G1"#4% S-="**,#9% U42*-4([email protected] 5&14%) , ., 2008 , Ç [#7#/+,3 /) : O1. . l,( . È, C12"14 &0(10-%-#& 4, , 2010, Ç p$#%/#12)%3/14,6 4)/&/ (#$%&DI,.#2T ;,$,22D : ,1.&I/,4, $#4&/1.$D47,3 ( (#1/J (3.)3 )È, Die Welt der Slaven /1, OqU ., 1985, Ç P+CDI/).) -&2,.%) È, �#"#'1 H*;1=#*,4(% *-6#('12*=#& , L&*,3 , P;Ln5YUn ; . ., 20 04, ‚ˆ”’œ –—ŠŸ’ž ŠŸ“œ I4;19-#(1,*=9*4(#* '#[email protected],#4;#9*4(#* %42*(; #44'*=1,%-#& 4'%,&-4([email protected] O"#=#9*4([email protected] 2%$&; -#(% , 5&14%) , p$#%2#0$)/,2,E# Y5noP 1991, Ç "$&C2#-) ($)%4, 12)%3/14,0 C&G&12DF#C/K0 G,-/& G$)*,I#14,0 4/,G /) [D1, .È, A"/= };=*'% ="*,-*"/44(13 '#;* "%;/" I-4;#;/;% "/44(13 '#;*"%;/" E/R(#-4(#3 =1$ 7144#34(13 %(%=*$## -%/( , L)/4. "#.#$CD$G , . XLV , 1998, Ç L)-&(&'&C/K# (#1/&(#/,3 ^{@] wc^ 7#$4&%/&12)%3/14,0 C&G& 12DF#C/K0 $D4&(,130 È, 7/4? O+-* 4'%,&- 4D1"-#( 4;%;*3 100 '*;#O 41 =-& "1+=*-#& H1R#-% (1894 , L)/4. "#.#$CD$G , P2#.#63 , H#$-#/#%. , 184. ROMAN IKOLA EVI KRIVKO OVn ., 1970, Ç %&($&1D 0D'&F#1.%#//&- -)1.#$1.%# '$#%/#6N,0 12)%3/14,0 (#$#%&')0 12DF#C/K0 5,/#6 È, K#$210#/$ Ç1100 @1=#R -#- 1= 4$";;% -% �#"#' K1'/-4(# 4/ . 2, 4&( qol;YUL;nr . ., 2001, A#2#(1- 2%;"#%"5% S'*(4#& K;/=#;% C#0%-;## -% 7/4# , 5&14%) , n+').#2J1.%& 5&14&%14&6 ").$,)$0,, nHOVqUL;PM o . ., 1976, 5)$.,$,6 ;,$,)4) n#$D1)2,-14&G& , G'#+ #3 C14;1( C#0%-;#& K'%,&-* , V#/,/G$)' , o)D4) , n;;nY ., 2003, Slavia Orthodoxa '#;*"%;/"% &0( , 5&14%) , S/)4 , 2003. nWPpSq P . ., 1999, Ç +/)I#/,30 *D/47,, 1&T+) '$#%/#$D114&- 3+K4# È, ~0( /'?;/"% @/$%-#;%"-1* 0-%-#* -%/9-1 -%4'*=4;,1 C#-1(/"% 41,"*$*--14;? , 5&14%) , o)DI/K6 -,$ , , 2008, Ç  F/&12)%3/14,# .$)',7,, '$#%/#$D114&6 (,1J-#//&1., ( 2#41,4) G$)--).,4) )È, E#4?$*--14;? , '#;*"%;/"% .1'?('1" 4'%,&-4(#5 -%"1 =1, XIV 5#F'D/)$&'/K6 1m#+' 12)%,1. &% Y0$,' , 10 1#/.3C$3 ., '&42)'K $&11,614&6 '#2#G)7,, , 5&14%) , n/'$,4 , nWPpSq P . . 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Geburtstag , MŸnchen Berlin, Otto Sagner (Studies on Language and Culture in Central and Eastern Europe, Bd. 3), YdnpPqUP H . ., 2007, E*,9*4(#* ;"%=#6## )"*,-*3 7/4# 19*"(# ;*1"## 4;#'& , 5&14%) , S/)4 YSpoqqU P . , 1965, Ç L.,0&12&F#/,# '$#%/#6 $D114&6 (&8+,, È, Scando Slavica , 11, Y"YU ., 1997, Ç o&%&&.4$,. 4)/&/ /) ;&/1.)/.,/ "$#12)%14, .)6/&(,1/& (&#.,I#14& (&12)/,# È, Palaeobulgarica = K;%"1DN'@%"#4;#(% , G&' . 21, 4, ., 1998, Ç ;)/&/ +) [&F'#1.%& W$,1.&%& &. ;&/1.)/.,/ "$#12)%14, È, Palaeo bulgarica = K;%"1DN'@%"#4;#(% , G&' . 22, ¡ 4, . 3 ., 2005, Ç çëÌë åèêé ñé ìë ô é„ñ „èËåéí ( L.)$&Cm2G)$14, ;)/&/ +) }&G&3%2#/,# )È, K;%"1DN'@%"4(% '#;*"%;/"% 34, L&*,3 , 63. 2006, Ç o&%&&.4$,.,3. 1.)$&Cm2G)$14, ;)/&/ +) o#'#23 "#.'#1#./,7) /#G&%,3. %,+)/.,614, &C$)+#7 È, K;%"1DN'@%"#4;#(% = Palaeobulgarica G&' . 30, 3, ., 2007, Ç ;)/&/K /) [&F'#1.%& W$,1.&%& '$#%/#6 12)%3/14&6 -,/#6/&6 .$)',7,, È, Liturgische Hymnen nach byzantinischem Ritus bei den Slaven ltester Zeit Beitr einer internationalen Tagung Bonn, 7. Juni 2005 hrsg. von D. HRISTIANS OTHE Paderborn MŸnchen Wien ZŸrich, Ferdinand Schšningh, Y"YU¡ ., 1872, }2#4% "/(12#4*3 (%;%'[email protected] (-#@N 6*"(1,-13 2*9%;# D#D' 1;*(# . . 8'/=1,% , 5&14%) , %m L,/&')2J/&6 .,(&G$)* "$#%&',.# 2004: E"*,1=#;* 2"*0 XIV 4;1'*;#* -% G%'(%-#;* , '&42)', &. -#F'D/)$&'/).) 4&/*#$#/7,3 , L&*,3 , 26 T/, 2003, L&*,3 , H&$#41 "$#1 5ql[n;P p[qUoqr Xq[;YUoYLVPUMoL;Yr "YeSnn Pr;YU ., YdOWP[YU ., n;VPL ., YpYU ., 1994, �%;%'[email protected] -% 4'%,&- 4(#;* "N(12#4# D#D'#1;*(%;% -% [email protected]"%.4(#& $%-%4;#" K,*;% J1"% L&*,3 , CIBAL PSYoYUP V . ., 1974, Ç "$,/7,( $,.-,I#14&6 &$G)/,+)7,, ($&,+ %#'#/,30 .&$F#1.%#/ /&G& 4$)1/&$#I,3 1.)$N#6 (&$K K'1,1 0%(1-* D'%@1=%;# n2)$,&/) , E15,%'% 4, . K#$*1-/ 4, K%,* p&-#.,)/) È, A"/= };=*'% ="*,-*"/44(13 '#;*"%;/" , . XXVIII , V#/,/G$)' , qpP;YUP . ., 1992, Ç R,2&2&G,I#14,# ($&C2#-K 12)%3/14&G& 1$#'/#%#4&%J3 $)C&.)0 [,44)$'& ",44,& È, C12 "14 &0(10-%-#& 1, Y}YVqUL;nr P . ., 1910, Ç p$#%/ 7#$4&%/& 12)%3/14 1.,0&.%&$#/ %~4&%m È, H%;*" %' #44'Z=1,%- ,N 1D'%4;# 4'%,&-4(13 .#'1 '[email protected] %"5*1'[email protected] , L)/4.m "#.#$CD$Gm ( LC&$/,4m Y.'~2#/ $D114)G& 3+K4) 12& %#1/&1., n-(#$).&$14&6 P4)'#- /)D4m , LXXXVIII 3), lPoqU ., 1986, Ç [,.-,I/).) 1.$D4.D$) /) ;,$,2&%,3 "$&G2)1 4m- q%)/G# 2,#.& /) ($&,+%#'#/,3.) &. "$#12)%14,3 1.,0&.%&$#/ 7,4m2 ( L.)$& Cm2G)$14,3. ,+&1,2)C,+m- )È, Studia lavica edia evalia umanistica Riccardo Picchio dicata 2, Roma 2003, Ç L.,0&12&F#/,# 1.)$&Cm2G)$14& È, �#"#'1 H*;1=#*,4(% *-6#('1 2*=#& , , L&*,3 , P4)'#-,I/& ,+').#21.%& Ç 5)$,/ p$,/&% È, ., 2003 , Ç "&#+,3 1.)$&Cm2G)$14) È, �#"#'1 H*;1=#*,4(% *-6#('12*=#& , L&*,3 , P4)'#-,I/& ,+').#21.%& Ç 5)$,/ p$,/&% È, lYMoYU ., YpYU ., 1964, }2#4 -% 4'%,&-4(#;* "N(12#4# K1.#34(%;% -%"1=-% D#D'#1;*(% , . (= Catalogus manuscriptorum slavicorum Bibliotheca Serdeciensi asservantur ), L&*,3 , p#$F)%/& ,+').#21.%& Ç o)D4) ,+4D1.%& È. O}Ylno YVO}YUnž ., 1995, Ç O(&$#'/& ($&DI)%)Ÿ# 1.$D4.D$# 1$(14,0 %,+)/., 14,0 -,/# 1.)$, #G (#$,&') È, E"1/9%,%{* 4"*={1,*(1,-#5 /+-1 4'1,*-4(#5 "/(12#4% 4D1"-#( "%=1,% */-%"1=-* 8#'%-=%"4(* (1-.*"*- 6#* 1="+%-* 1= 28. =1 30. $%";% 1989 , }#&G$)' , L$(14) P4)'# -,3 /)D4) D-#./&1., , P[PoYUL;nr ., 1968/ 2000, Ç R&$-K &CE#12)%3/14&G& 7#$4&%/&12)%3/14&G& 1.,0) '$#%/#$D114&6 2,.#$).D$# XI XIII %% .È, 21F 0## 21F;#(* 5&14%) , M+K4, $D114&6 4D2J.D$K , 273 ( %(#$%K# : American Contr butions to the Sixth International Congress of Slavists ol. I: Linguistic Contributions , The Hague, 1968, 394). q5no L . ., 2007, Ç G$#I#14&- ($&,10&F'#/,, '$#% /#6N#6 12DFCK ;,$,22D R,2&1&*D È, Liturgische Hymnen nach byzantinischem Ritus bei den Slaven ltester Zeit Beitr einer internationalen Tagung Bonn Juni 2005 , hrsg. von H. OTHE , D. 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