МЕТОДИЧЕСКИЕ УКАЗАНИЯ ПО ВЫПОЛНЕНИЮ ДОМАШНЕЙ КОНТРОЛЬНОЙ РАБОТЫ


Министерство образования и науки Российской Федерации
федеральное государственное автономное образовательное учреждение высшего образования
«Санкт-Петербургский государственный политехнический университет Петра Великого»
(ФГАОУ ВО «СПбПУ»)
Университетский политехнический колледж
МЕТОДИЧЕСКИЕ УКАЗАНИЯ ПО ВЫПОЛНЕНИЮ ДОМАШНИХ КОНТРОЛЬНЫХ РАБОТ ПО АНГЛИЙСКОМУ ЯЗЫКУ
НА ВЕСЬ ПЕРИОД ОБУЧЕНИЯ
ДЛЯ ГРУПП
13.02.03 «Программирование в компьютерных системах»
09.02.01 «Электрические станции сети и системы»
38.02.01 «Экономика и бухгалтерский учет»
2017 г.
Санкт-Петербург
ИНФОРМАЦИОННОЕ ОБЕСПЕЧЕНИЕ ОБУЧЕНИЯ
Изучение учебной дисциплины обеспечивается следующими информационными источниками:
Основные источники:
Голицынский Ю.Б. Грамматика. Сборник упражнений. – СПБ: КАРО, 2009.
Агабекян И.П. Английский язык для ссузов: учебное пособие. – М.: ТК Велби, Издательство Проспект, 2006
Радовель В.А. Английский язык. Основы компьютерной грамотности: Учебное пособие – Ростов н/Д: Феникс, 2005
Дополнительные источники:
Агапова Г.Г, Аганов Н.Ю Business English. – М.: Дрофа, 2003
Андрюшкин А.П Деловой английский язык. - СПБ: Норинт, 2002
Амбражейчик А. 2000 русских и 2000 английских идиом, фразеологиумов и устойчивых словосочетаний. – Мн.: ООО”Понеури”, 2003
Кунин А.В Англо – русский фразеологический словарь -4-е изд., стереотип. – М.: рус. Яз. , 2003
Николенко Т. Тексты по грамматике английского языка – М.: Айтрис-пресс , 2005
Интернет ресурсы
www.macmillanenglish.com - интернет-ресурс с практическими материалами для формирования и совершенствования всех видо-речевых умений и навыков
www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish
www.britishcouncil.org/learning-elt-resources.htm
www.handoutsonline.com
www.enlish-to-go.com (for teachers and students)
www.bbc.co.uk/videonation (authentic video clips on a variety of topics)
www.hltmag.co.uk (articles on methodology)
www.iatefl.org (International Association of Teachers of English as a Foreign Language)
www.teachingenglish.org.uk
www.bbc.co.uk/skillswise N/
МЕТОДИЧЕСКИЕ УКАЗАНИЯ ПО ВЫПОЛНЕНИЮ ДОМАШНЕЙ КОНТРОЛЬНОЙ РАБОТЫ
Методические указания по выполнению контрольной работе 1
Чтобы правильно выполнить контрольную работу № 1 необходимо усвоить следующие темы:
1. Лексический материал:
Описание людей: внешность, характер, личностные качества
Межличностные отношения
Повседневная жизнь условия жизни, рабочий день, выходной день.
Досуг (кино, театр, книги, искусство)
Здоровье, спорт, правила здорового образа жизни. Отдых, туризм
Город, инфраструктура. Транспорт
Новости, средства массовой информации.
Культурные и национальные традиции, праздники
Природа и человек (климат, погода, экология).Экологическая культура.
Научно-технический прогресс
Государственное устройство, правовые институты. Общественная жизнь: повседневное поведение, профессиональные навыки и умения
Непрерывное образование, языковое образование. Среднее техническое образование.
Наш колледж. Университеты
2. Грамматический материал:
имя существительное: его основные функции в предложении; имена существительные во множественном числе, образованные по правилу, а также исключения;
артикль: определенный, неопределенный, нулевой;
основные случаи употребления определенного и неопределенного артикля;
понятие глагол-связка;
модальные глаголы, их эквиваленты;
образование и употребление глаголов в Simple/Indefinite; Continuous; Perfect;
глаголы в Present Continuous для выражения действий в будущем;
местоимения: указательные (this/these, that/those) с существительными и без них, личные, притяжательные, вопросительные, объектные;
неопределенные местоимения, производные от some, any, no, every;
числительные;
имена прилагательные в положительной, сравнительной и превосходной степенях;
наречия в сравнительной и превосходной степенях;
неопределенные наречия, производные от some, any, every;
глаголы в страдательном залоге;
неличные формы глагола;
инфинитив и инфинитивные обороты, и способы передачи их значений на русском языке;
герундий и герундиальные обороты, и способы их перевода;
признаки и значения слов и словосочетаний с формами на -ing без обязательного различения их функций;
простые нераспространенные предложения с глагольным, составным именным и составным глагольным сказуемым (с инфинитивом);
простые предложения, распространенные за счет однородных членов предложения и/или второстепенных членов предложения;
предложения утвердительные, вопросительные, отрицательные, побудительные и порядок слов в них;
безличные предложения;
предложения с оборотом there is/are;
сложносочиненные предложения;
предложения со сложным дополнением типа I want you to come here;
сложноподчиненные предложения с союзами for, as, till, untill, (as) though;
предложения со сложным дополнением, предложения с союзами neither nor, either…or;
правило согласования времен;
косвенная речь.
Используйте следующие образцы выполнения заданий
Образец выполнения 1 зад.
A company-companies;
A toy- toys;
A child- childrenОбразец выполнения 2 задания
1. His brother…my friend-His brother is my friend
2. They…in the classroom- They are in the classr00m
3. I ... a teacher.-I am a teacher
Образец выполнения 3 задания.
1. It is (she) notebook. . Это её записная книга
It is her notebook
Образец выполнения 4 задания.
She lives in Moscow. – Она живет в Москве. (lives – Present Simple, 3rd person singular)
Образец выполнения 5 задания.
Записывается перевод текста на русский язык.
Образец выполнения 6 задания.
Записываются 5 специальных вопросов к тексту.
Образец выполнения 7 задания.
1. А
2. В
Образец выполнения 8 задания.
Записывается перевод предложений на английский язык.
Контрольная работа № 1 по дисциплине Английский язык
для студентов 1 курса заочного отделения
Вариант 1
Образуйте множественное число следующих существительных
Switch, software, input device, mouse, mouse, monitor, VDG
2. Заполните пропуски глаголами” to be“ to have” в правильной форме.
I… a student.
She… a student too.
They… managers.
It… a bank.
We… at the office.
I… a family.
It… large.
He … a ticket.
They… a new flat.
She… f daughter.
She… a pupil.

3.Напишите притяжательное местоимение вместо личного местоимения, указанного в скобках. Переведите предложения на русский язык
It is ( I ) book.
(They ) office is near (he) house.
Who is she?- She is (our) sister.
Is Mr. Bell (you) teacher.
Is ( she) textbook new or old. It is new.
4. Определите видовременную форму сказуемого. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
I will speak with him.
We heard about it.
He does it for us.
They saw me with you.
We go abroad without him.

5. Раскройте скобки, употребив глаголы в нужном времени. Переведите текст на русский язык.
A FRIGHTFUL NIGHT
One dark night a young man (go)____________ home from the railway station. It
(be) __________ very late and there (be)_____________ very few people in the streets.
The young man (be) __________________very nervous because he (return, never)
_______________ home so late. Suddenly he (feel) ______________ that somebody
(follow) _________________ him. The young man (think) ______________ that it (be)__________ a robber and (decide) ____________to walk as quickly as he (can) ___________.
When he (look) _________ back he (see)__________that the man (follow, still)______________ _____________him. The young man (turn) __________________ into another street. The man (turn) ____________________ into another street too. Now the young man (be) _________ quite sure that the man (be)_______a robber.
The young man (turn) ________________ round and (ask)_________: "What (want, you) ________________ ? Why (follow, you) _____________ me?" "I (go)______________ to see
Mr. Brown," (say) ___________ the man, "and the porter at the station (tell) _________________ me: "If you (follow)________________ this young man, you (find)_________________ his house easily, he (live) _______________ next door to Mr. Brown.'"
6. Задайте 5 вопросов к тексту "A Frightful Night".
7. Из четырех вариантов (А), (В), (С), (D) выберите единственно правильный:
1.I _____________________ Michael for ages.
(A)didn't see(С) haven't seen
(B)don't see(D) saw not
2.I _______________ get up very early now.
(A)must to(C) should to
(B)have to(D) ought
3.How much ____________ to fly to New York?
(A)costs it(C) does cost
(B)it costs(D) does it cost
4.My brother Nick is very good ________maths.
(A)for(C) about
(B) at (D) in
5. If he ___________ hard, he'll fail his final exams.
(A)doesn't work(C) hadn't worked
(B)won't work(D) wouldn't work
6. Have you heard the ________________ news?
(A)last(C) latest
(B)previous(D) latter
7. Which of you ________ to go on an excursion?
(A)wants(C) does want
(B)want(D) do want
8. I'd like to know _____________________ .(A)where is my diary(C) where my diary is
(B)where it is my diary(D) my diary is where
9.I'm very busy at the moment. I _______________ for my English exam.
(A)am preparing(C) have been preparing
(B)prepare (D) am going prepare
10.________________ you've given me!
(A)What a good advice(C) What the good advice
(B)What good advices(D) What good advice
8. Переведите следующие предложения на английский язык:
1. Нам пришлось вернуться домой, так как мы опоздали на последний поезд.
2. Я не люблю фильмы ужасов. — Я тоже.
3. Перестаньте разговаривать! Я ничего не слышу.
4. Твои родители заставляют тебя мыть посуду?
5. Никто никогда мне ничего не говорит.
6. Какая сегодня погода? — Холодно, дует сильный ветер.
7. Интересно, кто из них солгал?
8. Сколько нам потребуется времени, чтобы добраться до Красной площади?
9. Это платье гораздо дороже, чем то.
10. Мы наблюдали, как дети наряжали новогоднюю елку.
Контрольная работа № 1 по английскому языку
для студентов 1 курса заочного отделения
Вариант 2
Образуйте множественное число следующих существительных
Output device, keyboard, CPU, MHz, disk drive, swap file
2. Заполните пропуски глаголами” to be”и “ to have” в правильной форме.
They… at the office.
I… a manager.
It… a college. It… near my house.
She … a ticket.
We…students.
He… a daughter.
You… pupils.
They… students.
She… a student too.
We …a good flat.

3. Напишите притяжательное местоимение вместо личного местоимения, указанного в скобках. Переведите предложения на русский язык
.
Who is she? - She is (I) sister.
Is Mr. Bell (he) teacher?
Is (you) textbook new or old. It is new.
(We) office is near (I) house
Where are (they) books?
4. Определите видовременную форму сказуемого. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
We saw you with him.
They will go abroad without him.
I spoke about it with him.
Do you live here?
She does it for them.
5. Раскройте скобки, употребив глаголы в нужном времени. Переведите текст на русский язык.
A TRAVELLER'S TALE
It (happen) _________________many years ago. I (be) ______________ in India. I (hunt) ___________ there. Once I (spend) __________________ the whole day in the jungle. It (get) ___________ completely dark when I (decide) _______________________to return to my camp. I (walk) ____________ along a narrow path. Strange sounds (hear) ______________ everywhere. On my light there (be) _______________ a river and on my left there (be)______________ a thick tropical forest.
Suddenly I (see) _____________something terrible in the jungle on my left. Two green eyes (look) ____________________ at me. It (be) ___________ a man-eating tiger, ready to spring at me.
I (know)_________________ that if I (start) _________________ to ran the tiger (catch) ____________ me easily. As I could swim well I (make up) ________ my mind to escape that way. I (look) _________________ at the river on my right. There in the river, (be) ___________ a huge crocodile. It (wait) _____________ for me with open jaws.
I (faint) _______________. A moment later I (jump) _____________ to my feet again.What do you think I (see) ___________? The tiger (be) ___________ in the jaws of the crocodile.
Five years (pass) ______________ since that time but I (remember, still) _____________ every moment of that terrible night.
to faint — падать в обморок
6. Задайте 5 вопросов к тексту “A Traveller’s Tale”.
7. Из четырех вариантов (А), (В), (С), (D) выберите единственно правильный:
1.I want to become a teacher ____________________.
(A)when I will leave school (C) when I am leaving school
(B)when I leave school (D) when I had left school
2.The Sahara is ____________ desert in the world.
(A)the hottest (C) the most hot
(B)hottest (D) the hotter
3.John is not interested ___________ politics.
(A)about (C) for
(B) in (D) over
4.I'm sure we _________________ before.
(A)have never met (C) didn't met
(B)haven't never met (D) had met
5.I don't know ____________________ .(A)where this museum (C) where this museum is
(B)where is tins museum (D) this museum is where
6.They were in Spain last summer, _____________________ ?(A)were they (C) didn't they
(B)isn't it (D) weren't they
7.When I came home late in the evening, my parents _______________ .(A) had already had dinner(C) have been having dinner
(B)have already had dinner (D) had dinner
8.New Year's Day is ____________ popular in Britain than Christmas.
(A) more less (C) less
(B) more little (D) little
9.______________ Michelangelo began painting the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in the Vatican.
(A)At the age of 33 (C) At the age of 33 years
(B)At 33 years (D) At the age of 33 year-old
10.The cost of living in our country has _____________ again.

(A) rose (C) picked up
(B) raised (D) risen
8. Переведите следующие предложения на английский язык:
1.Вы прочитали книгу, которую я дал вам на прошлой неделе?
2.Интересно, почему Саша не позвонил мне вчера вечером?
3.Вам бы лучше лечь спать пораньше.
4.Его старшая сестра заканчивает университет в этом году.
5.Я изучаю французский язык три года.
6.Вам пришлось вчера рано встать, не правда ли?
7.На кого похож ваш сын?
8.Мэри пишет по-английски гораздо лучше, чем говорит.
9.Вы когда-нибудь были в Германии? — Да, я был там год назад.
10.Завтра в это время мы будем купаться в Черном море.
МЕТОДИЧЕСКИЕ УКАЗАНИЯ ПО ВЫПОЛНЕНИЮ ДОМАШНЕЙ КОНТРОЛЬНОЙ РАБОТЫ № 2
Чтобы правильно выполнить контрольную работу № 2 необходимо усвоить следующие темы курса английского языка:
1. Лексический материал:
- Профессии по интересам. Профессии в компьютерной сфере, траектории карьеры, профессиональный рост;
Компьютеры в повседневной жизни. Виды компьютеров. Компоненты компьютера
- Клавиатура и мышь;
- Устройства ввода. Устройства вывода. Запоминающие устройства
Грамматический материал:
- знание признаков и навыки распознавания глаголов в следующих формах действительного залога: Present Perfect Continuous, Past Perfect Continuous;
- знание признаков и навыки распознавания глаголов в следующих формах страдательного залога: Present Simple Passive, Future Simple Passive, Past Simple Passive, Present Perfect Passive, Past Perfect Passive, Future Perfect Passive;
- распознавание и употребление в речи изученных ранее коммуникативных и структурных типов предложения; систематизация знаний о сложносочиненных и сложноподчиненных предложениях, в том числе условных предложениях (Conditional I, II, III).
- сложноподчиненные предложения с придаточными условия и выражающие совет типа If I were you …
- повторение временных форм английского глагола: образование, употребление, способы перевода на русский язык.
Образец выполнения задания 1
A
B
Образец выполнения задания 2
Записывается перевод теска на русский язык.
Образец выполнения задания 3
1. Lap top
2. Office computer
Образец выполнения задания 4
1. unit, performs
2. main, CPU, memory
Контрольная работа № 2 по английскому языку
для студентов 2 курса заочного отделения
Вариант 1
1. Complete the sentences below using the correct alternative from A, B, C, D.
1. When I came intocottage, the familysitting round the table playing chess. Chess__________their favourite game. They like to play__________in the evenings.
A the Holley's, were, are, it C the Holleys', were, is, it
B Holleys, was, are, them D Holleys's, was, is, them
2. She was well aware of her extraordinary good looks, and was perfectly prepared to discuss___, just as a man seven______high might talk of advantages and in conveniences of being tall.
A them, foot C them, feet
B it, foot D it, feet
3. ____Captain Cook reachedCape of Good Hope in_____spring of 1771 and sailed viaSt. Helena in the South Atlantic before arriving in England in July 1771.
A The , the, ____, the C The, _____,_____, the
B , the, the, D ___, ____, the, ____
4. Thisthe most effective means of production and___ can be adjusted to your business in ___ time.
A is, it, two month's C is, they, two-month
B are, they, a two-months D is, it, two months'
5. Bread and cheesehis usual meal and he has been living on _______for two months.
A was, them C is, it
B are, it D is, them
6. One ofgames is chess, which originated in India or probably China. It is a game oftradition and is_________-popular.
A old, the oldest, international
B the most ancient, old, internationally
C the more ancient, older, internationally
D ancient, the oldest, the most international
7. Cypruson major migration routes for birds, and in spring and autumn many millions _______ through. Many species also ______on the island,
A is lying, are passing, will winter
B lies, pass, winter
C is lying, pass, wintered
D has lain, have passed, have been wintering
8. I think weit on the shelf for Daddy to see when he _________home from work.
A will put, will come C put, comes
B will put, comes D put, will come
9. ______ you read a newspaper yesterday? _______ you angry about what happened?
A Have, HaveC Did, Was
B Did, Are D Are, Were
10. What _______ (you / to look at)? – I (to look at) ___________ that tree in the garden. I (to like) ____________ to look at it early in the morning.
A are you looking at, am looking at, likeC are you looking at, look at, like
B do you look at, look at, likeD you look at, looking at, liking
2. Read the text and complete it with the words given below. Translate the text.
program, computer, cores, problem, states, devices, letters, machine, results, on, memory, processing.
A ________ is a machine with an intricate network of electronic circuits that operate switches or magnetize tiny metal ________. The switches, like the cores, are capable of being in one or two possible _______, that is, on or off; magnetized or demagnetized. The machine is capable of storing and manipulating numbers, _________, and characters (symbols).
The basic idea of a computer is that we can make the ______ do what we want by inputting signals that turn certain switches ______ and turn others off, or magnetize or do not magnetize the cores.
The basic job of computers is ________of information. For this reason computers can be defined as _________which accept information in the form of instructions, called a _________, and characters, called data, perform mathematical and / or logical operations on the information, and then supply _______ of these operations. The program, or part of it, which tells the computers what to do and the data, which provide the information needed to solve the ________, are kept inside the computer in a place called____________.
3. Name the type of the computer.
1. A hand-held computer which can be used as a telephone, a web explorer and a personal organizer ___________.
2. A typical computer found in many businesses and popular for home use _________.
3. A large computer used for intensive data processing and often linked to many terminals _________.
4. A portable computer than can be closed up like a briefcase _________.
5. A one-piece mobile computer that typically have a touchscreen ___________.
4. Complete the sentences.
1. Software is the _________ that enable a computer to __________ a specific task.
2. The basic structure of a computer system is made up of three main ________ sections; the first is the ___________ (or CPU), the second is the main memory, and the third is the _____________.
3. The CPU is a ___________________ which executes program instructions and coordinates the activities of all the other components.
4. The main memory holds the instructions and the _________which are currently being processed by the CPU.
5. This internal memory is made up of ______and ___________.
6. They include input, output abs storage devices, for example the ___________ and the mouse, enable us to present information to the computer.
7. For example we use ___________, DVDs or flash devices to ____________ large amounts of information.
Контрольная работа № 2 по английскому языку
для студентов 2 курса заочного отделения
Вариант № 2
1. Complete the sentences below using the correct alternative from A, B, C, D.
1. That species of birdsmigrant andfound in Africa in winter. Our surroundings____ too severe for such birds and they leave______ early in September.A is, is, are, them C is, is, is, it
B are, are, are, them D are, are, is, it
2. The latest news from the Middle East countries ____disturbing. A close-up camera showed a man running somewhere. His face was bruised and his clothes ____torn.
A was, wasC was, were
B were, wereD were, was
3. Here the pocket money my uncle has sent me today. ___ will be enough to settle all my debts.
A are, ItC is, It
B is, TheyD are, They
4. ___E-mail andInternet arelatest technologies that are spreading _____American English.
A ,,, the C The, the, the,
B , the, the, D The, an, ____, the
5. It was farthan he expected, so he made up his mind to spend twice as ______money as he had wanted.
A more cheaper, more C the cheapest, the most
B more cheap, a lot D cheaper, much
6. This is thecloakroom, and that one is for.
A ladies', gentlemen's C ladies', gentlemen
B lady's, gentlemen'sD lady, gentlemen
7. Heto make enemies as his businessand he more powerful.
A began, was developing, was growing
B had begun, is developing, is growing
C has begun, had developed, had grown
D was beginning, developed, grew
8. What____ you think of your new teacher? To my mind she ____ very nice.A do, hasС did, were
B do, isD have, is
9. Jane _________at home until she ______better.
A stays, feelsC will stay, feels
B stay feelD will stay, feel
10. My aunt_____________ cakes on Mondays, but she _______________ one now.
A don’t make, makeC isn’t making, makes
B doesn’t make, is makingD don’t makes, is making
2. Read the text and complete it with the words given below.
disks, multiplication, computers, inputting, circuits, feed, display, equal, decisions, printer, device, user.
It is considered that computers have many remarkable powers. However most _______, whether large or small, have three basic capabilities.
First, computers have ___________ for performing arithmetic operations, such as: addition, subtraction, division, ________ and exponentiation.
Second, computers have a means of communicating with the _________. After all, if we couldn't _________information in and get results back, these machines wouldn't be of much use. Some of the most common methods of __________ information are to use terminals, diskettes,________ and magnetic tapes. The computer's input ________ (a disk drive or tape drive) reads the information into the computer. For outputting information two common devices used are: a __________, printing the new information on paper, and a cathode-ray-tube __________, which shows the results on a TV-like screen.
Third, computers have circuits which can make _______. The kinds of decisions which computer circuits can make are not of the type: "Who would win the war between two countries?" or "Who is the richest person in the world?" Unfortunately, the computer can only decide three things, namely: Is one number less than another? Are two numbers ______? and, Is one number greater than another?
3. Name the type of the computer.
1. A computer that is designed to be used on an office desk ___________
2. The largest and most powerful type of computer that is operated by a team of professionals_______
3. A small, lightweight, and inexpensive computer which doesn’t have certain features (e.g., the optical drive).____________
4. A small portable computer that can be held in one hand_________
5. A small handheld computer providing a variety of tools for organising work, e. g. a calendar, to do list, diary, address list, calculator, etc ___________________
4. Complete the sentences.
1. A PC system consists of two parts: ________ and ___________.
2. Hardware is any _________ or __________ part.
3. The basic structure of a _____________is made up of three main hardware sections: one the central processing unit – or CPU – two, the ______________, and three, the peripherals.
4. In order to improve the computer’s ____________, the user can add expansion cards for video, sound and networking.
5. RAM, or random access memory, is volatile, so it loses the _____________ when the electricity - or power – is turned off.
6. The peripherals are the physical units __________ to the computer
7. _____________ allow us to extract the results from the computer.
8. Storage devices are used to _____________________ permanently.
Методические указания по выполнению контрольной работе 3
Чтобы правильно выполнить контрольную работу № 3 необходимо усвоить следующие темы курса:
1. Лексический материал:
Графический интерфейс пользователя;
Сети. Системы связи;
Интернет;
Разработка сайта;
Базы данных и электронные таблицы;
Настольные издательские системы;
Компьютерная графика.
2. Грамматический материал:
Relative Clauses. Time Clauses
The Passive Voice (Simple, Continuous)
The Infinitive
Participle I и II
The Gerund
Conditionals I
Perfect Active
Perfect Passive
Используйте следующие образцы выполнения заданий
Образец выполнения 1 зад.
Записываются 5 специальных вопросов к тексту.
Образец выполнения 2 зад.
1-a
2-b
3-c
Образец выполнения 3 зад.
1-a
2-b
3-c
Образец выполнения 4 зад.
Записывается перевод предложений на русский язык.
Образец выполнения 5 зад.
Записывается перевод предложений на английский язык. Предложения начинаются со слов
I wish.
Образец выполнения 6 зад.
Записываются предложения с правильной видовременной формой глагола..Образец выполнения 7 зад.
worked – past simple active
was worked - past simple passive
Контрольная работа № 3 по дисциплине Английский язык
для студентов 3 курса заочного отделения
Вариант 1
1. Read the text. Ask five what-questions.
The WORLD-WIDE WEB
People have dreamt of a universal information database since late nineteen forties. In this database, not only would the data be accessible to people around the world, but it would also easily link to other pieces of information, so that only the most important data would be quickly found by a user. Only recently the new technologies have made such systems possible. The most popular system currently in use is the World-Wide Web (WWW) which began in March 1989. The Web is an Internet-based computer network that allows users on one computer to access information stored on another through the world-wide network.
As the popularity of the Internet increases, people become more aware of its colossal potential. The World-Wide Web is a product of the continuous search for innovative ways of sharing information resources. The WWW project is based on the principle of universal readership: "if information is available, then any person should be able to access it from anywhere in the world." The Web's implementation follows a standard client-server model. In this model, a user relies on a program (the client) to connect to a remote machine (the server), where the data is stored. The architecture of the WWW is the one of clients, such as Netscape, Mosaic, or Lynx, "which know how to present data but not what its origin is, and servers, which know how to extract data", but are ignorant of how it will be presented to the user.
One of the main features of the WWW documents is their hypertext structure. On a graphic terminal, for instance, a particular reference can be represented by underlined text, or an icon. "The user clicks on it with the mouse, and the referenced document appears." This method makes copying of information unnecessary: data needs only to be. stored once, and all referenced to it can be linked to the original document.
2. Match the terms and their definitions.
1. Computer a) the set of instructions that direct the operations of computers;
2. Computer literacy b) a part of a computer, entering data into the device;
3. A program c) facts unorganized but able to be organized;
4. Data d) the output of a data processing system;
5. Data processing e) possessing sufficient knowledge of how computers work and what they can do to use them as problem-solving tools;
6. Data processing system f) a series of operations that results in the conversion of data system into useful information;
7. Input e) an electronic device performing calculations on numerical data;
8. Output h) an electronic device accepting the data processing results from the computer and displaying them;
9. Useful information i) a set of related files;
10. Data bank j) the resources required to accomplish the processing of data.
These resources are personnel, material, facilities and equipment.
3. Complete the sentences.
1. Computer data ____________________________system frees humans from routine
error-prone tasks.
a) counting; b) computing: c) processing.
2. Computers can store vast amount of information to organize it and _______________it.
a) to travel; b) to retrieve; c) to respond.
3. The entered data can be transmitted by ________________________networks.
a) communications; b) conversions; c) procession.
4. The possibility of _______________________________is reduced if data were correctly put into the data processing system.
a) character; b) access; c) error.
5. Computer data processing systems can _________________________at a fraction of a second.
a) receive; b) respond; c) retrieve.
4. Translate the sentences into Russian.
1. I should like to be a top specialist in computer technology.
2. Write down the algorithm of computer operations lest you should make errors.
5. Translate the sentences into English, using “I wish”.
1. К сожалению, они еще ничего не знают,
2. К сожалению, они уже знают об этом.

6. Use verbs in correct form.
1. My friend wishes he (not to do) that last night.
2. I wish I (to bring) my camera last summer.
3. I wish I (can) tell the future.
4. Do you wish you (to be) in the Guinness Book of Records?
5. Some people wish they (can) appear on a TV game show and become famous.
6. She often wishes things (to be) different.
7. How slippery it is! If it (not to rain), it (not to be) so slippery.
8. I am glad I was able to attend the lecture yesterday. You (to be) displeased if I (not to come)?
9. Let's take a taxi to the railway station: we have a lot of luggage. If we (not to have) so much luggage, we (to walk).
10. Stop working and let's go inside: it is too dark. If the evening (not to be) so dark, we (to continue) the work.
7. Define the forms of the verbs. Translate the text into Russian.
A PC system consists of two parts: software and hardware. Software is the program that enables a computer to perform a specific task: this includes the operating system, and application software such as graphic package and a web browser.
Hardware is any electronic or mechanical part. The basic structure of a computer system is made up of three main hardware sections; one the central processing unit – or CPU – two, the main memory, and three, the peripherals.
The CPU is a processor chip which executes program instructions and coordinates the activities of all the other components. In order to improve the computer’s performance, the user can add expansion cards for video, sound and networking.
Контрольная работа № 3 по дисциплине Английский язык
для студентов 3 курса заочного отделения
Вариант 2
1. Read the text. Ask five what-questions.
SUCCESS of the WWW
Set off in 1989, the WWW quickly gained great popularity among Internet users. What is the reason for the immense success of the World-Wide Web? Perhaps, it can be explained by CERN's* attitude towards the development of the project. As soon as the basic outline of the WWW was complete, CERN made the source code for its software publicly available. CERN has been encouraging collaboration by academic and commercial parties since the onset of the project, and by doing so it got millions of people involved in the growth of the Web.
The system requirements for running a WWW server are minimal, so even administrators with limited funds had a chance to become information providers. Because of the intuitive nature of hypertext, many inexperienced computer users were able to connect to the network. Furthermore, the simplicity of the Hyper Text Markup Language, used for creating interactive documents, allowed these users to contribute to the expanding database of documents on the Web. Also, the nature of the World-Wide Web provided a way to interconnect computers running different operating systems, and display information created in a variety of existing media formats.
In short, the possibilities for hypertext in the world-wide environment are endless. With the computer industry growing at today's pace, no one knows what awaits us in the 21st century. .
Note
* CERN was originally named after its founding body the 'Conseil Europeen pour la Recherche Nucleaire,' and is now called 'European Laboratory for Particle Physics'.
2. Match the terms and their definitions.
1. Inputting a) saving information for further processing;
2. Character b) the process of producing useful information;
3. Database c) meaningful collections of related characters;
4. Data elements d) the most common input device;
5. Controlling e) the part of the computer that receives and stores data for processing;
6. Outputting f) directing the sequence of the operations performed;
7. Memory g) a written language symbol;
8. Record h) a collection of related data elements
9. Keyboard i) a set of related facts;
10. Storing j) the process of entering collected facts into a data processing system.
3. Complete the sentences.
1.A personal computer uses ___________ disks as input and output media.
a) hard; b) fixed; c) floppy.
2.Personal computers have a lot of _________scientific, engineering, educational being among them.
a) multiplication; b) application; c) investigation.
3.Personal computers have a great ___________ upon pupils, educators, accountants, stock brokers and who not.
a) influence; b) information; c) environment.
4.A word processing program called application _____________ enables you to modify any document in a manner you wish.
a) hardware; b) software; c) firmware.
5.Using a display you can _______________mistakes,words and replace sentences.
a) delete; b) dial; c) correct.
4. Translate the sentences into Russian.
1. It is necessary that the program should be debugged (отлажена) by a programmer.
2. Our teacher speaks English as if he were a real Englishman.
5. Translate the sentences into English, using “I wish”.
1. Обидно, что мы ушли до его прихода.
2. Обидно, что мы не дождались его прихода.
6. Use verbs in correct form.
1. If she (to smell) smoke in the middle of the night, she would telephone the fire brigade and run into the street and shout, "Fire!"
2. If he (to invite), he would have come to the party last Sunday.
3. If the driver in front hadn't stopped suddenly, the accident (not to happen).
4. If you (not to know) how to play, my sister will explain the rules to you.
5. If she had told them it was her birthday, they (to give) her a birthday present.
6. If I had more time, I (to read) more books.
7. If their TV had been working, they (to watch) the President's speech last night.
8. She wishes she (to live) in the Crimea.
9. My friend wishes he (not to do) that last night.
10. I wish I (to bring) my camera last summer.
7. Define the forms of the verbs. Translate the text into Russian.
The main memory holds the instructions and the data which are currently being processed by the CPU. This internal memory is made up of ROM and RAM chips. RAM, or random access memory, is volatile, so it loses the stored data when the electricity - or power – is turned off. ROM, or read only memory, is non volatile.
The peripherals are the physical units attached to the computer. They include input, output abs storage devices, for example the keyboard and the mouse, enable us to present information to the computer. Output devices allow us to extract the results from the computer. For instance we can see the output on the monitor or in printed form. Storage devices are used to store information permanently. For example we use hard disks, DVDs or flash devices to store large amounts of information.
Методические указания по выполнению контрольной работы № 4
Чтобы правильно выполнить контрольную работу № 4 необходимо усвоить следующие темы курса:
1. Лексический материал:
Мультимедиа;
Программирование;
Языки программирования;
Перспективы развития информационных технологий;
Проблемы сети. Интернет;
Профессии в сфере информационных технологий;
Устройство на работу ;Структура компании;
Корреспонденция;
Виды контактов;
Совещания;
Переговоры;
Презентации.
2. Грамматический материал:
Conditionals ;The Infinitive ;Future actions. Intentions. Plans. Predictions;
The Sequence of Tenses;
The Indirect Speech;
Infinitive Constructions.
Используйте следующие образцы выполнения заданий
Образец выполнения 1 зад.
Записывается перевод текста на русский язык.
Образец выполнения 2 зад.
1-a
2-b
3-c
Образец выполнения 3 зад.
Записывается перевод предложений на русский язык.
Образец выполнения 4 зад.
Записывается перевод текста на русский язык.
Образец выполнения 5 зад.
1-а. затем записывается перевод предложения на русский язык.
Контрольная работа № 4 по дисциплине Английский язык
для студентов 4 курса заочного отделения
Вариант 1
1. Read the text and complete it with the words given below. Translate the text into Russian.
Page, devices, mechanisms, printers, speed range, character, impact.
Printers provide information in a permanent, human-readable form. They are the most commonly used output ________ and are components of almost all computer systems. ________ vary greatly in performance and design. Vfe will classify printers as __________ printers, line printers and _________ printers in order to identify three different approaches to printing, each with a different __________. In addition, printers can be described as either ________ or nonimpact. Printers that use electromechanical ___________that cause hammers to strike against a ribbon and the paper are called impact printers. Nonimpact printers do not hit or impact a ribbon to print.
2. Match the words with their definitions.
1. web address
2. web developer
3. word processing
4. network5. route
6. mailboxA) combination of a number of computers and peripheral devices connected together
B) the path that is used to transfer data in a network
C) the Internet address of a webpage
D) a person who is employed to create websites
E) the process of typing and editing text using a word processor
F) a folder used by an email server to store a user's emails

3. Choose the correct form. Translate the sentences into Russian.
1. Electronic devices (help; are helped) people discover new phenomena of nature.
2. The transistor (replaced; was replaced) by vacuum tubes thanks to its numerous advantages.
3. Due to transistors all circuit functions (carried out; were carried out) inside semiconductors.
4. Electronic devices (use; are used) in scientific research.
5. Before the invention of the transistor its function (performed; was performed) by vacuum tubes. 6. The reliability of electronic systems (connect; is connected) with the number of discrete components.
7. Semiconductor integrated circuits (helped; were helped) to increase reliability of devices.
8. New types of integrated circuits (have developed; have been developed) lately.
4. Read the text and complete it with the words given below. Translate the sentences into Russian.
Programming instructions perform algorithms processed equations calculations
_________is the process of preparing a set of coded ___________ which enables the computer to solve specific problems or to __________ specific functions. The essence of computer programming is the encoding of the program for the computer by means of _________. The thing is that any problem is expressed in mathematical terms; it contains formulae, ________ and calculations. But the computer cannot manipulate formulae, equations and ___________. Any problem must be specially ___________ for the computer to understand it, that is — coded or programmed.
5. Choose the correct word. Translate the sentences into Russian.
1. DVD-ROM drives, with about six times the storage ________ of CDs, now make it practical to include video or even movies as part of a PC multimedia package.
a) devicec) capacity
b) memoryd) printer
2. The video capabilities of PCs continue to grow, with many PCs as of 2008 having 256 MB or more of video __________.
a) memoryc) games
b) filed) CDs
3. Combined with __________ running at up to 2.5 gHz, this allows computer-generated graphics to rival the quality of live video.
a) memoryc) video
b) processorsd) audio
4. However, the most important trend is the delivery of online multimedia _________.
a) contentc) sites
b) capacityd) storage
5. The widespread of the mosaic and Netscape browsers in the mid-1990s changed the __________ from an text-driven experience to a multimedia platform.
a) computerc) Internet
b) filed) device
Контрольная работа № 4 по дисциплине Английский язык
для студентов 4 курса заочного отделения
Вариант 2
1. Read the text and complete it with the words given below. Translate the sentences into Russian.
Results, memory, main, coded, demand, processed, symbol.Primary storage is also called ______ storage or internal storage. The specific functions of internal storage are to hold: 1) all data to be _________; 2) intermediate _______ of processing; 3) final results of processing; 4) all the instructions required for ongoing process. Another name for primary storage is _________, because of its similarity to a function of the human brain. However, computer storage differs from human memory in important respects. Computer memory must be able to retain very large numbers of ___________ combinations, without forgetting or changing any details. It must be able to locate all its contents quickly upon __________. The combinations of characters, that is, the letters, numbers, and special symbols by which we usually communicate, are ________.
2. Match the words with their definitions.
1. web
2. website
3. web server
4. password5. router
6. internet protocol
A) a secret code used to control access to a network system
B) common name for the World Wide Web
C) electronic device that links different networks or parts of a network. It determines the path that a signal should take to reach its destination
D) a set of related pages on the World Wide Web
E) the basic set of standards for enabling computers to communicate over the Internet
F) server computer that stores and provides access to websites
3. Choose the correct form. Translate the sentences into Russian.
1. Computers have a means (by communicating; of communicating; communicated) with the user. 2. Computers work according to the instructions (giving; given; to give) to it by users.
3. The transistor (inventing; invented; for inventing) in 1948 completely changed the vacuum tubes.
4. Computers (applied; are applied; are applying) for automatic piloting and automatic navigation. 5. The programs (write; have written; are written) to help people in the use of the computer system. 6. As digital computers (count; counted; are counted) quickly, they widely (use; used; are used) in business data processing.
7. Once data (entered; have entered; have been entered) correctly into the data processing system, the possibility of error (reduced; is reduced; are reduced).
8. It is known that an analyst (use; uses; is used) a computer to solve specific problems.
4. Read the text and complete it with the words given below. Translate the sentences into Russian.
machine programmers carried out language internal commands BASIC
The first _________ used pencil and paper to sketch out a series of _________, or punched them directly on cards for input into the __________. But as more computer resources became available, it was a natural thought that programs could be used to help programmers create other programs.
The availability of Teletype or early CRT terminals on timesharing systems by the 1960s encouraged programmers to write simple text editing programs that could be used to create the computer _________ source code file, which in turn would be fed to the compiler to be turned into an executable program. The assemblers and __________ language implementations on the first personal computers also included simple editing facilities.
There are many ways to represent instructions to be ______________ by a computer. With early machines like ENIAC, programs consisted of a series of detailed machine instructions. The exact movement of data between the processor’s internal storage (registers) and ____________ memory had to be specified, along with the appropriate arithmetic operations
5. Choose the correct word. Translate the sentences into Russian.
1. Today the term ________ is associated in many peoples’ minds mainly with computers.
a) computerc) data
b) memoryd) design
2. However, data (as in “given facts” or measurements) has been used as a term by ______ and scholars for centuries.
a) scientistsc) people
b) studentsd) computers
3. Data as stored in a computer (or on _______ media) is a representation of facts about the world.
a) memoryc) device
b) digitald) printed
4. Computer data consists of ______ states, represented numerically as ones or zeroes.
a) filesc) binary
b) numerald) digital
5. A string of ones and ________ in a computer has no inherent meaning.
a) twos c) letters
b) zeroesd) others
Содержание итоговой аттестации
Вопросы для подготовки к дифференцированному зачету:
What are the main functional units of a digital computer?
What types of storage do you know?
What is a binary number system?
What is storage media?
How is storage capacity measured (in what units)?
What do you know of electronic memories?
What can you say about electromechanical memories?
How do you understand the term "access time"?
What is RAM / ROM?
What storage devices do you know?
What is the function of the CPU?
What two functional units does the CPU consist of?
What components does control unit include?
What devices has the arithmetic-logical unit?
What is the ALU function?
What is the function of CU?
What is the heart (brain) of a microprocessor?
What is the purpose of input devices?
How do you understand the term "input-output environment"?
What groups can I/O devices be classified into according to their speed?
Name devices used for inputting information.
What is touch pad?
What is a scanner used for?
What types of printers do you know?
When did the first personal computer appear?
What differs PC from large computer systems?
What is a personal computer?
What are the main spheres of PC applications?
What professions are in great need of computers?
What is modem and what is it used for?
What is programming?
What is a program?
What techniques for planning the program logic do you know?
What do you understand by pseudocode?
What is a code?
What is the foundation of any programming language?
What programming languages do you know?
What is FORTRAN used for? Decode it.
What does COBOL serve for? Decode it.
What is WWW?
What do you know about the history of personal computing?
At what ways are computers used at home, or outside work?
How do you use your PC?
What is the structure of the processor?
What types of portable computers do you know?
What are general features of operating systems?
What is an operation system and what is it purpose?
What online services are available in our country?
What kind of facilities do online services provide?
What is analog transmission?
What is digital transmission?
What software products do you use?
What kinds of software packages do you know?
Who creates new software products?
What the program is designed to perform a specific function?

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