Иностранный язык

Контрольная работа № 2 должна быть выполнена во 1-ом семестре второго года обучения факультетами всех специальностей .
Для того, чтобы правильно выполнить контрольную работу, необходимо усвоить следующие разделы курса:
The Past Simple Tense.
The Future Simple Tense.
The Present Continuous Tense (в том числе его употребление в значении будущего).
The Present Perfect Tense (в сравнении с Past Simple)
Participle I (в функции определения и обстоятельства)
Модальные глаголы CAN, MAY, MUST
Употребление MUCH, MANY, (A) FEW, (A) LITTLE.
Местоимения SOME, ANY, NO
1.Поставьте следующие предложения в вопросительную и отрицательную
Не has some new English books.
There were some magazines on his table
They can speak some foreign languages.
He knows some engineers of our office.
5. We sent some letters to foreign firms yesterday.
6 Our director received some businessmen the day before yesterday.
They will discuss the terms of delivery with them next week.
They are having talks with their partners.
They have concluded an agreement lately.
2.Заполните пропуски местоимениями some, any, no.
1 There are catalogues on the table. 2.Can you give me...magazines to read? 3. There are not ..letters on your desk. 4. The other day we sent...inquiries for furniture 5. Are there...price-lists on his desk? Yes, there are... 6. Did your office make contracts with British firms last year?
3.Заполните пропуски словами much, many, few (a few), little (a little)
1 Was there... snow in Kiev last winter? Yes, there was.
2.Do...people watch TV in the evening ?I'm sorry we have... ham for breakfast, but we have a lot of cheese.
.. .children watch TV after 10 o'clock in the evening.
Larin doesn't know English well, but he studies...now.
Let me think...before I answer your question.
The new jet-liner has made only...flights abroad.
I had very ... time last night and watched TV for only ... minutes.
Our flat is not very large and there is . . furniture in it
4.Ответьте на вопросы, исходя из данных ниже просьб.
a)Pete, write the word "foreign", please.
I. What is Pete doing ? 2. What has he done ? 3. Who has written the word "foreign" ? 4. What did he do a minute ago ?b)Nick, open the window, please.
1. What is Nick doing ? 2. What has he done? 3. Who has opened the window? 4. What did he do a minute ago?
5.Поставьте глаголы в нужном времени (Past Simple или Present Perfect),употребив каждое из данных обстоятельств.
I (to send) those letters (this week, yesterday, just, a fortnight ago, this morning,last week).
We (to go) shopping (today, three days ago, last month, already, the other day. thisweek).
They (to be) in Kiev (last year, lately, 2 years ago, this month, last Sunday).
6.Раскройте скобки, употребив глагол в нужной форме.
Basov: Hello, (to be) that "Lake & Co" ? I'd like to speak to Mr. Lake.
Lake: Yes, Lake (to speak).
Basov: Good afternoon, Mr. Lake. This (to speak) Basov of "Avtoexport".We (to see) your new model of cars lately and we are interested in
your new cars. You (can) send us your offer?
Lake: I (to believe) we (to send) you our offer, Mr. Basov. You (to receive) it? Basov: Not yet. When you (to send) it? Lake: We (to send) it a week ago, I (to believe). Basov: Then we (must) receive it today or tomorrow. Lake: I (to think) so. How many cars would you like to buy? Basov: 5 or 6.
Lake: Good. And when you (to require) them? Basov: In April or in May. Lake: I (to believe) we (can) ship you the cars in April.
7.Заполните пропуски предлогами:
Используйте предлоги: WITH, FOR, IN, AT (2), OF (2).1.1 work...V/О Machinoexport. A lot...foreign firms are interested in doing
business...us. We have made some contracts...boilers...a new model lately. Our
boilers are...great demand now and we sell them...high prices.
Используйте предлоги: WITH (2), FOR, OF, TO.2.The other day Mr. Gray... "Roberts & Co" came...Moscow to have talks...us. Hephoned our secretary and made an appointment...us...the next day.Используйте предлоги: ТО, OF (2), PAST, AT.
3.He came to see us...half...nine. We discussed a lot...different questions. Ourterms...payment and delivery were acceptable...him.
8.Составьте диалог на основе данного выше текста.
9.Замените определительные придаточные предложения оборотом спричастием I.
I think the man who is having installation problem is the manager of the plant.
When I travel I always reserve accommodation in advance.
We are going to contact the firm which is advertising the latest modal of theboilers.
4-When the director came into the office he saw several people who were waiting forhim.
5-When we write a cable we try to use as few words as possible.
10.Поставьте вопросы по заданию и ответьте на них.
Ask the representative of a foreign firm
what gdods they are interested in,
for what time he has made an appointment with Mr Bunin,
What you can do for him,
At what price his company sells power equipment,
What models of boilers are in great demand,
What goods they can offer you,
What terns of shipment arc acceptable to them,
What goods they require.
Since when they have done business with "Brown & Co"
П. Переведите следующий диалог.
Mr Camp of "Roberts & Co" phones MachinoexportSomov: Somov speaking.
Camp: Good afternoon, Mr. Somov. I've received the final reply from our firm. We
accept your offer, but I'd like to clear up some points. When will we meet?
Somov: I'll be glad to see you any time tomorrow.
Camp: Will the contract be ready by that time?
Somov: Yes, certainly it will.
Camp: Very good. You see, I'm leaving for London on the 15th of April.
Somov: I believe that'll be next Sunday.
Camp: Yes, quite so.
Somov: I think we have done good business, Mr. Camp. Will you join me for dinneron Saturday?
Camp: Yes, with pleasure.
Somov: I'll call for you at the hotel at about six then. Camp: Thank you Good bye, Mr Somov. Somov: Good bye.
12. Составьте рассказ на основе диалога, используя Present Simple, Present Perfect and Future Simple Tenses.
1.Поставьте следующие предложения в вопросительную и отрицательную
Our customers are from English-speaking countries.
There was a confidential document in that safe.
She must know a foreign language in order to be a good secretary.
The Earth goes round the Sun.
Alex is getting married next month.
The police stopped me on my way home last night.
Yesterday Tom woke up early.
Lots of things have happened since 1 last wrote to you.
They'll have business talks tomorrow moming.
2.Заполните пропуски местоимениями some, any, no.
There are... schools in this street.
Are there... documents in your safe?
There were... flowers in the vase yesterday, but now there are.
1 can see... children in the yard. They are playing.

There arc... people in the park, because it's cold.
Have you got... time to spare? I'd like to ask...questions.
3. Заполните пропуски словами much, many, few (a few), little (a little) I.I have... time, so I can't go with you.
He has... English books.
There is...ink in this ink-pot. Have you any ink?
There were...bears in the Zoo.
I have... money, so we can go to the cinema.
This girl works very..., and she knows nothing.
He had...friend in the camp, and he was not happy.
Please, don't put... pepper on the meat
There are... employees in this room. It's 8pm. now.
4. Ответьте на вопросы, исходя из данных ниже просьб. Children, learn this poem by heart What are they doing? What have they done? Who have learnt this poem by heart? What did the do?
Ann, don't eat too much ice-cream. What isn't she doing? What hasn't she done? Who hasn't eaten too much ice-cream? What didn't she do?
5. Поставьте глаголы в нужном времени (Past Simple или Present Perfect).
I already (to do) my homework. Now I can go for a walk.
I (to do) my homeworkyesterday.
He just (to come) home.
4 He (to come) home a minute ago.
Nick (to play) football yesterday.
She already (to come) from school. Now she is doing her homework.
I (to read) this book last year.
I (to read) this book this year.
I never (to be) to Washington10 You ever (to be) to New York?
11. You ever (to see) the eruption of a volcano? 12. I (not yet to eat) today.
He (not to eat) yesterday.
You (to play) the piano yesterday?
You (to play) the piano today?
What you (to prepare) for today?
6. Раскроите скобки, употребив глагол в нужной форме.
The Hermitage Museum (to be) one of the world's greatest art galleries.The rich collection of the Hermitage (to attract) very many people every year. The museum
(to have) the largest collection of paintings by Impressionist artists. Among the most famous
exhibits (to be) two madonnas by Leonardo da Vinci.
I (to be) to this museum and (to call on) the Director of the Hermitage. He (to say): "We (to have) over 2.500.000 exhibits If somebody (to want) to look for a minute at each exhibit in our 400 rooms it (to take) him 12 years to see all the exhibits."
I (to ask) the Director how the museum (to get) such a big collection."Many exhibits (to be) the royal collection before the Revolution. To us the history of the
Hermitage Museum (to begin) in 1764 when Catherine the Great (to purchase) 225 paintings
in the West.
This is how we (to get) paintings by Rembrandt. Rubens and Van Dyck.Our French impressionists (to come) from private collections.After the Revolution part of the collection (to go) to the Pushkin Museum
7. Заполните пропуски предлогами, где это необходимо:
The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts
The building ... the Pushkin Museum appeared at the beginning ... the 20th century ... a small old Moscow street Volkhonka. The museum opened ... 1912.
At first the museum exhibited ... its halls copies ... famous sculptures. Later the museum bought original masterpieces. Now the collection ... sculptures ... the Pushkin Museum is one ... the best... the world. The building itself is an architectural masterpiece. The collection ... paintings is not as large as the one ... the Hermitage but the Pushkin Museum houses many originals ... Italian, Spanish, Dutch and other famous artists. Now it is the second largest museum ... art... Russia.
The Russian people are proud ... the large collection of paintings ... French artists ... the end ... the 19th and the beginning ... the 20th centuries which are ... the display... the museum.
Составьте диалог на основе данного выше текста (№7).
Замените определительные придаточные предложения оборотом с причастием
1.When I was studying advertising materials, our manager found out many
interesting things.
He was reading the letter, when he was talking to somebody on the phone.
We managed to sell more goods after we had reduced the price.
Last week my secretary sent you the letter in which she pointed out the prices for
our goods.
5.He left after he had discussed the terms of delivery.
10.Поставьте вопросы по заданию и ответьте на них.
Ask the representative of a foreign firm.
How often he takes pan in fairs and exhibitions.
What kind of fairs and exhibitions he took part in last.
If he made much progress in that field.
What he exhibited on display.
If he could negotiate the sale and the purchase of different goods there.
Under which mottoes he advertised his products.
If his goods meet the high world standards
If he has possibilities to sec up-to-date models from different manufacturers.
11.Переведите следующий диалог.
Brown: Good afternoon! Nice to see you again, Mr Petrov! You are looking well, I
must say. How are things with you? Petrov: Not bad, thank you And how are you? Brown: Fine. 1 always feel well in beautiful weather like this. Well, let's get down to
Petrov: Yes, certainly. You've come to sign another contract, haven't you? Brown: That's right. For next year. Petrov. Are you happy with our usual terms of delivery and payment?
Brown: Yes, quite. As a matter of fact, I've come here to talk about the price I'd like to say that the volume of business in the building industry in our country has dropped considerably. This affected the prices of a number of building materials. In this situation it's quite natural to revise your prices for asbestos
Petrov: I'm afraid this is not sufficient reason for us to lower the price.
Brown: But I draw your attention to the fact that we wish to increase the purchases by a few thousand tons if you can offer us reduction of the price. We've been in business with you for a long time. Also we've doubled our purchases over the past two years. Therefore we would be grateful to you if in view of all this you will be able to reduce the price.
Petrov: All right. I think we can reduce it by 2%.
Brown: That's fine. Agreed.12. Составьте рассказ на основе диалога, используя Present Simple, Present Perfect и Future Simple Tenses.
1. Поставьте следующие предложения в вопросительную и отрицательную форму.
My brother's manager is on business now.
There was a new contract on the President's table.
He can type this document instead of you.
In Britain most of the shops close at 5.30 p.m.
I'm travelling to Scotland on Monday
She passed her exam yesterday.
Last night Tom slept very well.
He's already given up smoking.
We'll send our orders to you next month.
2. Заполните пропуски местоимениями some, any, no.
I saw.. .boys in the garden, but Mike was not among them.
Do you want... milk in your tea?
Dinner was not ready, so she gave the children...sandwiches because they werehungry.
There is... ink in my pen. Give me your pen, please.
Is there.. .snow in the street -this morning?
"Mr. Smith, ... clients are waiting for you."
3. Заполните пропуски словами much, many, few (a few), little (a little)
I never eat... bread with soup.
Why did you eat so... ice-cream?
She wrote us...letters from sanatorium. Only 3.
...of these students don't like to look up words in the dictionary.
...in this book was too difficult for me. The text was very easy.
There are... teachers in our University, and... of them are women.
He had... pairs of socks.
The boy is ill and can eat... food.
My grandmother brought us...apples from her garden.
4. Ответьте на вопросы, исходя из данных ниже просьб.
Tom, wake up!
What is he doing? What has he done? Who has waken up?
What did he do?
Rick don't cross the street under the red light. What isn't he doing? What hasn't he done? Who hasn't crossed the street under the red light.What didn't he do? 5 Поставьте глаголы в нужном времени (Past Simple или Present Perfect)
Look at this bird-house! Mike (to make) it himself He (to make) it last Sunday.
Where you (to put) my pen? I cannot find it.
You (to see) Mary today?
When you (to see) Mary? I (to see) her last week.
Your mother (to promise) to take you to the theatre?
Look at my new dress! I (to make) it myself.
He is not at school today, he (to fall) ill. - When he (to fall) ill? - He (to fall) illyesterday.
At last I (to do) all my homework now I shall go out.
The building of the house (to begin) early in April.
The rain (to stop) but a cold wind is still blowing.
We already (to solve) the problem.
He (to come) a moment ago.
I never (to speak) to him.
He just (to finish) his work.
You (to make) any spelling mistakes m your dictation?
It (to be) very cold yesterday.
6. Раскройте скобки, употребив глагол в нужной форме
Petrov: Good afternoon, Mr Black. Here (to be) my card.
Black: Good afternoon, Mr Petrov Glad to see you.Pttruv: I (to come) to London on business and I (to be) happy I (to have) a chance to visit
this exhibition.
Black: I (to hope) you (to find) it interesting.
Petov: It (to be) wonderful I (to impress) by the size and scope of the exhibition. It (to be) one of the largest exhibitions I ever (to visit).Black: Yes, over 350 companies (to take) part in it.
Petrov: Mr Black, I just (to see) your pavilion. The Model K2 machine-tool (to attract) my attention. I must say your country (to make) much progress in the field of machine-tool industry.
Black: It (to be) a pleasure to hear that. It (to be) an up-to-date model. It (to introduce) into the market at the beginning of the year and since then it (to be) a great success. A lot of companies (to show) much interest in the model.Petrov: You see, Mr Black, we'd like to place an order with your company for this model
and we'd like to negotiate the price for the machines.
Black: Yes, of course. We (to be) glad to establish business relations with your company. Petrov: When we (can, to meet) to discuss the matter in detail? Black: What about Tuesday, 10 m the morning? Petrov: All right. I (to be glad) to meet you on Tuesday Good-bye!
7. Заполните пропуски предлогами, где это необходимо:
How many companies will take part... the exhibition?
I'd like to get... touch... your Sales Manager to negotiate some business matters.
The exhibition was held... the motto Peace... economic cooperation.
International fairs and exhibitions pave the way... the consolidation... peace...
different countries.
5.The exhibition was very popular and every day the halls were crowded... visitorsThe words which were written... the Visitors' Book showed that the visitors wereimpressed... the display
8.Составьте развернутый ответ на следующий вопрос:
Why do fairs and exhibitions pave the way for the consolidation of peace and friendship among nations?
9.Замените определительные придаточные предложения оборотом с причастием
When you speak English, pay attention to the order of words.
Be careful when you are crossing the street.
When you are leaving the room, don't forget to switch off the light.
When you begin to work with the dictionary, don't forget my instructions.
When they were travelling in Central Africa, the explorers met many wild animals.
10.Поставьте вопросы по заданию и ответьте на них
Ask the representative of a foreign firm:
Why he was interested in computers of Wilson & Co.
Why he asked us to send them our quotation.
Why our computers are in great demand, according to his opinion.
Why he asked to give him a large discount.
If the final price depends on the number of computers in his company as well.
If the time of delivery is acceptable for him.
If these computers meet all his requirements.
11. Переведите следующий диалог:
Somov: Let's get down to business. I expect you'll want to discuss our new contract.
Brown: That's right. Have you seen our latest price-list?
Somov: Yes, and there's one thing in it we can't agree to. That's 7% increase the price.
Brown: Well, you can try and se it from our point of view. Over the past two years metal prices have gone up. Besides because of the new labour contract, we had to increase wages. Therefore we had to increase the price of our machine-tools.
Somov: Yes, we've taken this into account and yet your prices seem to be very high. We've been in business with you for a long time and we hoped that you could offer us better terms.
Brown: I think if you can accept part of the consignment in the current year we shall be able to reduce the price by 3%.
Somov: That's fine, thank you.
Brown: Are you happy with the other terms and conditions?
Somov: Yes, quite.
Brown: Then I suppose we can start drawing up a contract.
12. Составьте рассказ на основе диалога, используя Present Simple, Present Perfect и Future Simple Tenses.
l. Поставьте следующие предложения в вопросительную и отрицательную
This company is very promising.
There were some pens, a stapler, two rulers and a lot of clips in the office set.
We may go home at 6 o'clock.
In summer Mary usually plays tennis twice a week.
It's going to rain.
1 worked in bank, living in Manchester.
We bought some things to eat in the shop.
Suzanne has already had a baby!
I'll graduate from the University in 3 years.
2.Заполните пропуски местоимениями some, any, no.
Are there business letters on the table?
We didn't play outdoor games, because it was raining all day long.
Give me tea, please I'm thirsty.
I had offers to you last month, but now I haven't... ."They brought documents from that firm, sir. "There are customers, it's 7 p m. already.
3.Заполните пропуски словами much, many, few (a few), little (a little)
... of your advice was useful.
... of their answers were excellent.
3Can you give mе... tea?
4 ... people like jazz.
Children can't ski, because there is... snow now.
Pass me bread, please.
7 ... cats like milk.
Our office is very large and there is... furniture in it.
Jane has not... friends, because she is envious.
4. Ответьте на вопросы, исходя из данных ниже просьб.
Mr. Brown, show me your office.
What is he doing7
What has he done?
Who has shown office?
What did he do? Tom, wash the dishes.
What is he doing?
What has he done?
Who has washed the dishes?
What did he do?
5. Поставьте глаголы в нужном времени (Past Simple или Present Perfect). 1. The new school (to begin) working last year. 2. I (not to see) him since 1989. 3. You (to read) all the books on this shelf?1 (not to see) my cousin since last year.
Why you (to put) these things in the wrong place?
Why you (to leave) the door open? You will catch cold sitting in the draught.
"We (not to meet) for such a long time!" said my friend "Yes, indeed," I answered,"and we both (to grow)."
8. They (not yet to come) from the south.
9. He (to be) ill last week, but now he (to recover).
10. The sun (not to rise) yet, but the sky in the east is getting lighter every minute.
I (to see) you walking along the street the other day with a heavy bag.
I (not to read) the newspaper today.
It is very late, and trams (to stop) running we must find a taxi to get home
14..How many times you (to be) to St. Petersburg?
15.At last I (to translate) this article: now I shall have a little rest.16. My watch was going in the morning, but now it (to stop).
6. Раскройте скобки, употребив глагол в нужной форме.
Mr. Brown (not to feel) well for several days. So he (to call at) the out-patient department of St. Mary's Hospital. Doctor Campbell (to receive) him in his office.Doctor: What (to be) the trouble?
Brown: I (to catch) a bad cold.
Doctor: You (to take) your temperature?
Brown: Yes, I (to lake) my temperature before! (to leave) home It (to be) normal
Doctor: How long (to feel) this way?
Brown: I (to be) ill since Monday.
Do( lor: You (to have) a headache or a sore throat?
Brown: I (to have) both.
Doctor: You (to take) anything for your headache yet?
Brown: I (to take) aspirin.
Doctor: And you (to cough) a lot, you?
Brown: Yes.
Doctor: Get on the couch. I (to examine) you It (not to be) an ordinary cold. You (to have) flu. I (to give) you two prescriptions which you (must) take to the chemist's. If you (to follow) my instructions you (to feel) better in a few days. If you (not to feel) better, you (to have) to call for me. Brown: Thank you, doctor.
Составьте текст на основе данного выше диалога.
Заполните пропуски предлогами:
One morning Philip woke up ... a terrible headache. He asked the landlady to bring him a cup ... tea. A few minutes later Griffiths came in.
"I hear you are not well," said Griffiths, "I thought, I'd come in and see what was the trouble ... you." "I think I'm falling ill flu," said Philip. "You'd better stay bed and I'll bring the doctor to have a look... you."
The doctor examined Philip, took his temperature and blood pressure. "What do you think it is?" asked Philip. "You are ill... flu. Wouldn't you like to go... hospital? You will be better looked after there than you are here " "I can look... him, sir," said Griffiths. "Oh, very well. I'll write... a prescription... some pills. Take it... the
chemist's Give the medicine the young man three times a day... meals."
(After Somerset Magham)
9.Замените определительные придаточные предложения оборотом с причастиемI.
When you are copying English texts, pay attention to the articles.
You must have much practice when you are learning to speak foreign languages.
When he arrived at the railway station, he bought a ticket, walked to the platformand boarded the train.
After he spent 20 years abroad, he was happy to return home.
They reached oasis at last after they were walking across the endless desert all daylong.
10.Поставьте вопросы по заданию и ответьте на них.
Ask the representative of a foreign firm:
If he agrees to sign our contract.
If all clauses of our contract meet his requirements.
What his part guarantee.
When the contract becomes effective and comes into full force.
What terms of delivery are acceptable for him.What terms of payment are acceptable for him.What document, which confirms the quality of his goods, he can offer us.
8)If he is going to continue our co-operation in future.
11.Переведите следующий диалог.
Brown: Good morning.
Ivanov: Good morning, Mr. Brown I'd like you to meet* Mr. Pospelov, our Director General.Brown: Glad to meet you, Mr. Somov.
Somov: So am I. Have you ever been to Rostov, Mr. Brown?
Brown: No, it's my first visit to Rostov.
Somov: What are your first impressions of Rostov?
Brown: I like your city. It's very beautiful and quite different from London.
Somov: By the way, Mr Brown, what are you by profession?
Brown: I'm an engineer. But at "Continental Equipment" I work as a Sales Manager. Here is my-card.
Somov: Let's get down to business, Mr Brown. We're extending our business and want to buy equipment for producing in Russia some goods we are exporting now from western countries We know some companies, like yours, that produce the sort of equipment we need. Your company provides advanced technology and efficient service, which small companies can't provide. That's why we are interested in your equipment.
Brown Yes, I see You'll be pleased to find out that service life of our equipment was considerably extended, moreover, we reduced its price.
Somov. But first of all, I'd like to know if it's possible to adapt your equipment to our needs.
Brown: To answer your question, Mr. Somov, I must visit your factory and study your
Somov: I'll show you our factory tomorrow. Brown: What time? Somov: How about 10am? Brown: Agreed.
"I'd like you to meet - Мне бы хотелось, чтобы вы познакомились с...
12. Составьте рассказ на основе диалога, используя Present Simple, Present Perfect и Future Simple Tenses.
1. Поставьте следующие предложения в вопросительную и отрицательную форму.
1. Не has some orders from different firms. 2 There were about SO employees in our office 2 years ago.
You must sign this contract tomorrow.
Nurses look after patients in hospitals.
At present the number of people without job is increasing.
Yesterday Jane went to London to see a friend of hers.
Last year I spent my holidays in Spain.
We've just concluded this agreement.9. Our expert will call him next Friday.
2.Заполните пропуски местоимениями some, any, no.
There were... files on my desk a minute ago, but now there were... files here.
I didn't see... representatives when I was there.3. Are there... new buildings in your town?
I've lost ..important documents Have you seen them?
Was there .. water in the glass or... milk?
There were...students from my group at the consultation yesterday.
3.Заполните пропуски словами much, many, few (a few), little (a little)
There are ... employees in our company.
I do not know ... about that contract.
He had... pairs of socks, that's why he had to go shopping.
Don't come and sit at our table. There is ... room here.
5 There is... sugar in my coffee. Pass me that sugar-basin, please.
He's got no financial problems. He has... money.
I doesn't speak much French. Only... words.
The cinema was almost empty. There were very ... people there.
This car is expensive to have. It uses ... petrol.10. He always puts ... salt on his food.
4. Ответьте на вопросы, исходя из данных ниже просьб.
Mother, help me to cook soup.
What is she doing?
What has she done?
Who has helped me to cook soup.What did she cfo? Mr. Smith, don't sign that document.
What isn't he doing?
What hasn't he done?
Who hasn't signed that document.What didn't he do?
5. Поставьте глаголы в нужном времени (Past Simple или Present Perfect). I. The lecture (not yet to begin) and the students are talking in the classroom.
2She just (to go) out.
3She (to leave) the room a moment ago4.We (not yet to solve) the problem.When it all (to happen)?
The morning was cold and rainy, but since 10 o'clock the weather (to change) and nowthe sun is shining brightly.
Show me the dress which you (to make).
Oh, how dark it is! A large black cloud (to cover) the sky.
Oh, close the window! Look, all my papers (to fall) on the floor because of the wind.
When you (to open) the window? - I (to open) it ten minutes ago.
It's all right: she (to find) the way out of the situation
I never (to be) to Rome.
13. You ever (to be) to Trafalgar Square?
Last year we (to work) very much.
I (not to see) you for ages! I'm glad to see you again.
I (to be) born in 1984.
6.Раскройте скобки, употребив глагол в нужной форме.Belov: Good morning, Mr. Smith. Happy to see you in Moscow again.Smith: Good morning, Mr. Belov. I (to be) also pleased to meet you.Belov: Will you take a seat, please. You (to have) a nice journey?Smith: Yes, thank you. I (to enjoy) the trip. It (to be) very pleasant indeed.Belov: I'm glad to hear it. Now I'd like to discuss with you some details of our transaction.
Our customers already (to study) all the technical characteristics of your system and
(to conclude) that they (to meet) their requirements. Smith.A'm happy to hear it. We (to sell) our equipment to many Eastern countries It's up to
world standards and is in great demand on the world market. Belov: Well, now we (can) get down to discussing the commercial side of our transaction,
can't we? The first thing I'd like to clarify is the prices. Smith: You (not to find) them attractive?
Belov: On the whole we do, but the prices for items 3 and 9 (to be) a bit high. Smith: I'm afraid I can't agree with you here. These items (to be) completely new in design
and they (to be) the best on the world market. Belov: Well. Agreed.7.Заполните пропуски предлогами:
25th July, 19
32/34 Srnolenskaya Square, Moscow, Russia
Dear Sirs,
We thank you ... your letter of the 2nd July 1999 in which you inform us that you are
interested... purchasing our refrigerators. We remember very well the talk we had... your
Mr StepanovIt gives us great pleasure to enclose with the letter our catalogues ... which you will find ail the technical characteristics ... the model you require We are pleased to offer you 250 refrigerators ... the price of $435 per unit GIF. The price includes packing.
We hope you will find our price quite competitive. We are sure that .. this price our refrigerators are the best... the world market.
Unfortunately we cannot promise delivery earlier than ... the end ... the year as we are heavy with orders now. We hope to hear... you within the next few days. Yours faithfully, Brown & Co
Составьте диалог на основе данного выше текста.
Замените определительные придаточные предложения оборотом с причастием
As soon as I have done my homework. I can go for a walk.
In the library he saw many people who were reading books and newspapers.
All the people who live in this house are students.
There are many pupils in our class who take part in all kinds of extra-curricularactivities.
When she wrote the letter, she went to the post-office to send it.
10. Поставьте вопросы по заданию и ответьте на них.
Ask the representative of a foreign firm:
What company he presents?
What goods he was interested in?
What technical characteristics will meet his requirements?
What colour he prefers for his goods?
What order he will be able to place?
Howlong it will take him to pay for his order?
If he wants to arrange his specialists' training in our training centre?
If he is going to continue his co-operation with us?
11. Переведите следующий диалог.
Klimenko: Good morning, sir.
Ivanov: Good morning. Come in, please You are Mr Klimenko, aren't you? Please take a seat. Will you wait for me a little while I finish signing these documents? Meanwhile, please, fill in the application form.... There, that's all. Now I can concentrate on you, Mr. Klimenko. Tell me, how long were you in your list job with "Alfa"? Klimenko: Five years. I am leaving only because the firm is moving to Sevastopol, but
I think a change will do me good.
Ivanov: What do you know about our company? Have you got any questions to me? Klimenko: I know that it's a very promising company, so I'd like you to inform me*
what will be the major focus of efforts in the next few years?
Ivanov: We plan to expand our activity on English-speaking countries, mainly on England, to buy equipment and technologies from them and run training programs here. We need a team of creative persons to make our company competitive in the world market.
Klimenko: What responsibilities and obligations do you suggest during the first year? Ivanov: Well, first of all to be responsible for our contracts with English partners, to buy good equipment and generally to be skilful in negotiations Are you a leader, an entrepreneur by nature?
Klimenko: Yes, I think so, because I make contracts with people very easily Ivanov: All right. Now, Mr. Klimenko, 1 am quite prepared to offer you a job with
us. Klimenko. Thank you very much.
* I'd like you to inform me - Я бы хотел, чтобы вы проинформировали меня
12. Составьте рассказ на основе диалога, используя Present Simple, Present Perfect и Future Simple Tenses.

Пояснительная записка
Контрольная работа выполняется студентами в первом семестре второго года обучения. Контрольную работу необходимо выполнить письменно от руки в отдельной тетради. На титульном листе работы студент указывает ФИО, курс, факультет, номер зачётной книжки и фамилию рецензента (ст.пр. Попова Т.А.).
Вариант №1 выполняют студенты, чьи номера зачётных книжек заканчиваются на цифры- 0,1;
Вариант № 2- 2,3;
Вариант № 3- 4,5;
Вариант № 4- 6,7;
Вариант № 5- 8,9.

The Guarantee
There will normally be three parties involved in the provision of a contract guarantee: the exporter who performs the work of supplies the goods as covered in the terms of the contract; the buyer, in whose favor the guarantee is issued; and the guarantor (either a bank or a surety/insurance company) responsible for is suing the guarantee.
The foreign buyer asks the exporter to provide a guarantee support The exporter approaches his UK bank requesting that a guarantee is sued in favor of the foreign buyer. The UK bank then arranges for the issue of the guarantee to the foreign buyer and takes a counter indemnity from the exporter.
Another party may become involved if the buyer insists the guarantee is issued by a bank in his own country. The UK bank: will then find it necessary to use a correspondent bank to issue the guarantee to the buyer. In this instance, the UK bank will be required to counter indemnify the correspondent bank.
Types of Guarantee
Bid bond/tender guarantee: This document supports an offer and gives the beneficiary a financial remedy if, for example, the tendered withdraws his tender during the

adjudication period, the tendered fails to sign a contract if his tender is successful, or the tendered fails to produce a performance guarantee if called upon to do so.

Documentary Letters of Credit
Documentary letters of credit are commonly used to settle obligations between buyers and sellers. The majority of these instruments are used to settle international obligations, but some are employed in domestic trade.
Typically these letters of credit are used when buyers and sellers are unknown to each other and alternative methods of settlement, such as open account or collections, are unsatisfactory to one or both parties. Additionally, in some countries government regulations mandate the use of letters of credit for settlement of international trade obligations.
Under a letter of credit a bank (rather than the buyer) promises to pay the seller a designated sum of money, provided the seller presents certain documents that purport to evidence a shipment has taken place. The letter of credit specifies the latest date on which these documents can be presented and may also specify the latest date for shipment. The seller is assured that he will receive payment if he properly presents the documents described in the credit to a designated bank on or prior to the expiration date. Thus he is afforded much more protection under a letter of credit than under an open-account transaction or a collection, where he must rely on the buyer's ability and willingness to pay the draft. The buyer, on the other hand, is assured that payment will not be made unless the documents presented conform on their face to the credit's requirements.
The nature of commercial letters of credit is best described by illustration. Suppose that ImportCo, a Brazilian mining corporation, agrees to purchase a piece of heavy equipment from ExportCo, a German manufacturer. The terms of sale specify that the equipment is lo be shipped by ocean freight, insured by the shipper, within four months. The purchase price of one million euros is payable on delivery of the equipment in Brazil.
ExportCo, in order to protect itself against non-payment, requires ImportCo to provide an irrevocable letter of credit. ImportCo arranges for the issuance of the letter through Banco do Brasil, where it does the bulk of its banking business. Banco do Brasil obtains a commitment from ImportCo that it will make payment upon receipt of the equipment, collects a fee, and issues its irrevocable letter of credit to Deutsche Bank, ExportCo's bank in Germany. In doing so, Banco do Brasil accepts a credit exposure to ImportCo. Its exposure is reduced if it obtains a lien on the equipment which ImportCo is purchasing (a common practice) and is eliminated if it requires prepayment of the purchase price (a less common practice).
Deutsche Bank, upon receipt of the letter of credit, notifies ExportCo with full details of the terms of the letter. As long as those terms agree with its understanding of the transaction, ExportCo will now proceed to complete the equipment to ImportCo's specifications and to ship it. Having done so, it will present Deutsche Bank with the documentary evidence supporting shipment (invoices, bills of lading, certificates of inspection and of origin, title
A bill of exchange (also called a bill) is a written order, addressed by one person to another, to pay on demand or at a specified date a stated sum to a specified person or to his order, or to bearer. English and American law give the following definition of a bill of exchange:
A bill of exchange is an unconditional order in writing, addressed by one person to another, signed by the person giving it, requiring the person to whom it is addressed to pay on demand or at a fixed or determinable future time, a sum certain in money to or to the order of a specified person, or to bearer.
Bills are either inland or foreign.
An inland bill is one which is drawn by a person in one country upon another person resident in the same country as a bill drawn in London upon a person in Sheffield.
A foreign bill is one which is drawn by a person resident in one country upon another person resident in some other country, as a bill drawn in New York upon a firm in London.

It often happens that one of the parties to the contract considers that the other party has infringed the terms of the contract. In such cases the dissatisfied party may think it necessary to send the other party a letter ofcomplaint which often contains a claim, a demand for something to which the sender of the letter, in has opinion, has a right as, for instance,a claim for damages or for a reduction in the price etc. Сlaims may arise in connection with inferior quality of the goods, late delivery or non-delivery of the goods, transportation, insurance and storage of the goods and in many other cases.
The Sellers, for example, may hold the Buyers responsible for omitting to give transport instructions in time, and the Buyers may make a claim on (against) the Sellers for damage to the goods caused by insufficient packing.
Disputes between Russian organizations and foreign firms arising out of foreign trade transactions are very often settled by the Foreign Trade Arbitration Commission at the Russian Chamber of Commerce*.

Arbitration clauses in some contracts stipulate that all disputes and differences should be settled by arbitration in a third country, while some other contracts provide for arbitration in the country of the respondent party.

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