Задания и метод указания для магистров (англ)


Министерство образования и науки Российской ФедерацииФедеральное государственное автономное образовательное учреждение высшего профессионального образования«Российский государственный профессионально-педагогический университет»
Институт лингвистики
Кафедра иностранных языковЗадания и методические указания для выполнения контрольных работ по дисциплине «Иностранный язык (английский)»
Для магистрантов заочной формы обучения
Направления подготовки
051000.68 Профессионально-педагогические технологии
Екатеринбург
2014
Задания и методические указания для выполнения контрольных работ по дисциплине «Иностранный язык (английский)». Екатеринбург, ФГАОУ ВПО «Российский государственный профессионально-педагогический университет», 2014. 22 с.
Автор: канд. фил. наук, доцент С.М. ТиллоеваРецензент: канд. фил. наук, доцент П.В. Кропотухина
Одобрены на заседании кафедры иностранных языков. Протокол от 27 марта 2014 г. № 8.
Заведующая кафедрой иностранных языков И.Д. Белеева
Рекомендованы к печати методической комиссией Института лингвистики РГППУ. Протокол от 21 апреля 2014 г. № 8.
Председатель методической комиссии ИнЛинА.А. Евтюгина
Директор ИнЛинТ.А. Знаменская
© ФГАОУ ВПО «Российский государственный профессионально-педагогический университет», 2014
Введение
Краткий грамматический комментарий
Герундий
Герундий представляет собой неличную глагольную форму, выражающую название действия и обладающую как свойствами существительного, так и свойствами глагола. В русском языке соответствующая форма отсутствует.
Обладая свойствами существительного, герундий может служить в предложении:
Подлежащим:
Reading is her favourite occupation Чтение – ее любимое занятие.
Именной частью составного сказуемого:
Her greatest pleasure is reading Ее самое большое удовольствие –
это чтение.
Частью составного глагольного сказуемого:
He finished reading the book. Он кончил читать книгу.
Прямым дополнением:
I remember reading it. Я помню, что читал это.
Предложным косвенным дополнением:
I am fond of reading. Я люблю чтение (читать)
Определением:
I had the pleasure of reading Я имел удовольствие прочесть
In the newspaper of your success . в газете о вашем успехе.
Обстоятельством:
After reading the letter I put После того как я прочел письмо (прочитав
It into the drawer. письмо), я положил его в ящик стола.
Как и существительное, герундий может сочетаться с предлогами и определяться притяжательным местоимением или существительным в притяжательном падеже:
I think of going to the south Я думаю поехать на юг осенью.
In the autumn. Глагольные свойства герундия выражаются в следующем:
Герундий может иметь прямое дополнение:
I remember reading this book. Я помню, что читал эту книгу.
Герундий может определяться наречием:
He likes reading aloud. Он любит читать вслух.
Герундий имеет формы времени и залога:
Active Passive Indefinite
Perfect Reading
Having read Being read
Having been read В русском языке нет форм, соответствующих формам герундия, ввиду чего изолированно, вне предложения, они не могут быть переведены на русский язык.
Indefinite Gerund Active, однако, по своему значению приближается к русскому отглагольному существительному: reading чтение, smoking курение, waiting ожидание.
Причастие (The Participle)
Причастие в английском языке представляет собой неличную глагольную форму, которая наряду со свойствами глагола имеет свойства прилагательного или наречия.
Обладая свойствами прилагательного, причастие служит определением к существительному. В этой функции оно соответствует русскому причастию:
A broken cup lay on the table. Разбитая чашка лежала на столе.
Обладая свойствами наречия, причастие служит обстоятельством, определяющим действие, выраженное сказуемым. В этой функции оно соответствует русскому деепричастию:
He sat at the table thinking. Он сидел у стола задумавшись.
Обладая свойствами глагола, причастие
а) может иметь дополнение:
Signing the letter the manager asked the secretary to send it off at once. Подписав письмо, заведующий попросил секретаря отправить его немедленно.
б) может определяться наречием:
Packing his things quickly, he hurried to the station. Быстро упаковав свои вещи, он поспешил на вокзал.
в) имеет формы времени и залога.
Переходные глаголы имеют две формы причастия действительного залога и три формы причастия страдательного залога:
Present
Past Perfect Active Passive
Asking
Having asked Being asked
Asked
Having been asked
Непереходные глаголы имеют три формы причастия действительного залога:
Present
Past
Perfect Active
Coming
Come
Having come



Used to и would для выражения повторяющихся
действий в прошлом
Для выражения повторяющихся действий или состояния в прошлом употребляется сочетание used to с инфинитивом, при этом оно служит для противопоставления прошлого настоящему.
The singer doesn’t sing as he used to any more. Этот певец не поет теперь, как певал раньше.
Для выражения повторяющихся действий в прошлом употребляется также сочетание глагола would с инфинитивом и без частицы to, которое, в отличие от сочетания с used to, обозначает действие, происходившее время от времени, без противопоставления его настоящему моменту. Would не употребляется для выражения состояния в прошлом ( т.е. не сочетается с глаголом to be).
She would walk to the station when the weather was fine. Она, бывало, ходила на станцию пешком, когда погода была хорошая.

Контрольная работа № 1
Вариант 1
Language section
Vocabulary
A Complete the text with the words in the box.aggressive draw the line get on with it gets upset In the end
look your best looks obsessed with The thing is To begin with
My brother is really (1) ______ the way he looks. He spends hours down the gym and he’s so worried about his (2) ______. Whenever I talk to him about it he (3) ______ and tells me that I’m jealous. Sometimes he gets quite (4) ______ and I think it’s absurd. (5) ______ he spends so much time there that he doesn’t have enough time for his friends. (6) ______ it started as a hobby, but I think it has gone too far. I mean, it’s OK wanting to (7) ______, but you have to (8) ______ somewhere.
(9) ______, it’s his life and I guess I should just let him (10) ______.
B Complete the sentences with the words in the box. Be careful! There are three extra words and phrases.
a drag add up get the bug for butt in nuts
take up clear up easy-going have a look in-thing
(11) Paintballing is definitely the new ______ to do.
(12) I think you should _____ a new hobby. It’ll do you good.
(13) You’ll get on really well with him as he’s very ______.
(14) I really don’t enjoy all the practice. I know it’s necessary, but I find it all a bit of ______.
(15) Can you _____ something ____ for me? What exactly did you mean when you said it was too difficult for me?
(16) I wish you wouldn’t ______. Do you realize it’s rude to interupt?
(17) I’m sorry, but what you’re saying just doesn’t ______.
Grammar
C Choose the correct word or words to complete the sentences.
(18) ______ all the time is silly. Looks aren’t everything.
a) Dietingb) Dieted
(19) I have a friend ______ works as a model.
a) whichb) who
(20) The newspapers keep ______ stories that aren’t true.
a) publishb) publishing
(21) I became ill because I wasn’t _____ eating so much.
a) get used tob) used to
(22) Look at her! She ______ to make a good impression. a) is obviously tryingb) tries
(23) As a child I _____ want to work with animals.
a) wouldb) used to
D Correct the mistakes in the sentences.
(24) When do you going paintballing again?
__________________________________________
(25) I would used to collect coins when I was younger.
___________________________________________
(26) You like stamp collecting, aren’t you?
___________________________________________
(27) What do I find difficult to understand is why you enjoy it.
___________________________________________
(28) It’s really difficult to used to your new hair cut.
___________________________________________
E Rewrite the sentences using the words in bold so that the new sentence has the same meaning as the original one.
(29) What aspect interests you the most?
(find / interesting)
_________________________________________
(30) When did you start collecting coins?
(how long)
_________________________________________
(31) Were you hurt?
(did)
_________________________________________
(32) I prefer music from the 1960s.
(what)
_________________________________________
(33) I won’t talk to him again.
(going to)
_________________________________________
Reading
Read the article below and match the person, A, B or C to the sentences 1–5.A Ms BakerB Mr MacFaerne C Mr Podolski(1) Foxes are a nuisance.
(2) Areas originally occupied by foxes had been taken over for housing.
(3) Foxes are excellent at pest control.
(4) Foxes have the habit of tipping rubbish bins over.
(5) It’s the action of people that caused the crocodiles to appear in gardens in Florida.
I’m writing in response to the recent radio programme you had about urban foxes. I listened to the arguments of the two guests – Jean Baker and Tom MacFaerne – you had on your programme and, to be perfectly honest, it just made me angry. Frankly, Mr MacFaerne didn’t help the cause of foxes with his behaviour and he also failed to make some of the most important points. Ms Baker kept on going on about how the foxes were a nuisance and she seemed to be saying that the foxes were moving into the cities because they liked it there. I may be wrong, but I think that over the past thirty years it is far more likely that we have built houses in the areas where the foxes used to live rather than the foxes deciding to move to the cities!
Would Ms Baker build her house near an area where crocodiles lived? Of course, that’s exactly what’s happened in Florida and the consequences are that people now have crocodiles in their gardens, but whose fault is that? As far as I’m concerned, what’s happening here with foxes is exactly the same, except that foxes are much less aggressive. As for the foxes tipping rubbish bins over, what does she expect? Firstly, foxes are very inquisitive animals and, secondly, because we’re destroying their natural habitat we are also killing the animals they usually eat.
People like myself who put out food in our gardens for the foxes not only get the pleasure of seeing these lovely animals but also find that they don’t go poking their noses into our rubbish. Personally, I would much prefer a fox in my garden rather than other urban animals like rats. As Mr MacFaerne pointed out, foxes are very good at keeping the number of rats and other pests under control. There is also no point trying to control the number of foxes as they control their own numbers naturally.
Finally, if you ask me what we should be controlling isn’t the fox population but rather the human population. We should stop building in the countryside and then complaining when the animals that already live there come into our gardens and our houses.
Yours truly,
Frederick PodolskiВариант 2
Language section
Vocabulary
A Complete the text with the words in the box. Be careful - there are four extra words.
anxiety blush bright cautious collection exhibition humiliating reasonable risks unreasonable whenever
I’ve always had an (1) ______ fear of not being liked. I’m quite a (2) ______ person and I really don’t like to take too many (3) ______. So, (4) ______ people find out that I’m an artist they seem surprised. Recently I had an (5) ______ of my paintings in a big art gallery in New York. I was standing next to one of the pictures when I overheard a man and a woman talking about it. The man said he thought
it was a load of rubbish and I went (6) ______ red. The woman noticed and she came over and
asked me what was wrong. So, I told her that I was the painter and she started laughing, it was so
(7) ______.
B Choose the correct word to complete each sentence.
(8) Don’t worry, he’s completely harmful / harmless. He wouldn’t hurt anybody.
(9) She’s such a courage / courageous person. She’s an inspiration to everyone.
(10) He always looks on the bright side of everything. He’s a real pessimist / optimist.
(11) Whatever / Whenever happens, please don’t worry.
(12) I think that everybody should get equal / equality treatment.
(13) Wait until you’ve heard the hole / whole story.
(14) Why do you think everything is perfect? Your idealism / realism is not based on any evidence.
Grammar
C Choose the correct forms to complete the text.
In the last few years campaigners in the UK (15) tried / have been trying to get fox hunting banned. Last week they (16) claimed / have claimed to have won the argument when the Prime Minister agreed to include a Bill making hunting illegal in the next parliament. Anti-hunt protestors (17) were celebrating / had celebrated what they see as a victory. However, local hunt organizers
(18) were arguing / have argued that if hunting is banned many people (19) will lose / had lost their jobs. Two attempts have already (20) failed / been failing and hunt organizers were hoping that the Bill would be dropped.
D Complete the text with the correct form of the verbs in brackets.
Grant Pullis (21) ______ (start) his epic walk in 2004. He (22) ______ (walk) for almost three years.“One day I (23) ______ (watch) a programme about great explorers and I (24) _____ (think) I can could? do that.” Grant (25) _____ (fly) to Santiago in Chile and started walking north. After three months he (26) _______ (walk) all the way across Chile. ‘I felt tired, but great.’ said Pullis.
E Choose the correct ending for each sentence.
(27) If I were you I …
a) will do it.b) would do it.
(28) If she hadn’t voted for him, he …
a) wouldn’t have won.b) wouldn’t win.
(29) I _______ the book for a few hours when you called.
a) had readb) had been reading
(30) I wish I …
a) would have listened to you.b) had listened to you.
(31) You really _______ tried harder.
a) shouldb) should have
(32) He won’t win the election …
a) if he’s very lucky.b) unless he’s very lucky.
(33) If he makes lots of promises he …
a) might win.b) might have won.
Контрольная работа № 2
Вариант 1
Language section
Vocabulary
A Complete the text with the words in the box. Be careful! There are three extra words.
aware consumption demand devoted familiar increase involved sympathetic put up responsibility sort
In the last ten years or so the (1) ______ in crime on the streets of our cities has been quite dramatic. Now it is not uncommon to open a newspaper and find pages (2) ______ to reporting on different crimes from assault to murder. The increasing (3) _____ for these stories cannot be healthy and it wouldn’t surprise me if those (4) ______ in crime got new ideas from the stories they can read in the papers.
We should not have to (5) ______ with the kind of behaviour that is now taking place more and more frequently on our streets. We need to take (6) ______ for what is happening and become (7) _____ of the connection between the stories about crime and the actual crimes themselves and try and (8) _____ out the problems.
B Choose the correct word or phrase to complete the sentences.
(9) I don’t know what you’re complaining about. You’re _______
a) at death’s doorb) in really good healthc) going down ith something
(10) Do you really think you can make _______ to the environment?
a) a differenceb) it easierc) sense
(11) As soon as I know the answer I’ll ______ you.
a) put up withb) tell offc) get back to
(12) He got a new job working as a nightclub _______.
a) bouncerb) jockeyc) warden
(13) Over the last six months there has been a real demand ______ organic food.
a) ofb) forc) in
(14) Jack Smith was sentenced to ten years in prison for armed _______.
a) assaultb) murderc) robbery
(15) This cold is getting worse. I’ve got a really ______ nose.
a) throbbingb) runnyc) upset
(16) One of the biggest environmental problems are the exhaust ______ from cars.
a) fuelsb) gasesc) fumes
(17) It really makes _____ for people to be green.
a) senseb) a pointc) easier
Grammar
C Choose the correct words to complete the short conversations.
(18) A: I think we’ll win tomorrow.
B: What? You might / must be joking.
(19) A: Excuse me! You can’t / needn’t smoke in here.
B: Oh, sorry!
(20) Doctor: Remember, you could / must take your medicine every morning.
Patient: Yes doctor, I will.
(21) A: It must / might have come as a bit of a shock to hear you were so ill.
B: Yes, I’ve always been in such good shape.
(22) A: So, did you enjoy that?
B: No, it was really quite / totally frightening.
(23) Dentist: Everything is fine.
Patient: Really?
Dentist: Yes, you mustn’t / don’t need to come back again.
Patient: Oh, that’s wonderful news.
(24) A: I’m really worried?
B: Why?
A: Because the situation is slightly / absolutely terrible.
D Choose the correct word(s) to complete the sentences.
(25) You _______ probably crash if you don’t slow down.
a) are going to b) arec) will
(26) Take your jacket as it’s already cold and it ________ tonight.
a) is freezingb) is going to freezec) freezes
(27) The doctor’s surgery _______ at ten o’clock next Monday due to staff training.
a) opensb) is openingc) will have opened
(28) I’m sorry I have to go. Look, _______ you later.
a) I’m callingb) I’m going to callc) I’ll call
(29) It’s _______ that people will start eating organic food when the prices are so high.
a) certainb) probablec) unlikely
(30) By the time the police get here the robbers ________.
a) are going to escapeb) will have escapedc) will escape
E Rewrite the sentences using the words in bold so that the second sentence has the same meaning as the original.
(31) We’re going to meet at ten o’clock.
meeting _____________________________________
(32) You’re not permitted to watch the film if you’re under 15.
can’t ______________________________________
(33) What are you going to do tomorrow?
doing _____________________________________
(34) Perhaps I’ll see you later.
might _____________________________________
(35) I’m sure he’s ill.
must _____________________________________
(36) You don’t need to exercise every day.
have to
_____________________________________
Functional language
F Choose the correct word to complete the sentences,
(37) Recent crime figures show that violent crime, such as / in particular mugging and
assault, is increasing.
(38) There are lots of things you can do to prevent a cold. In particular / For example, having a hot
drink for breakfast or wearing a hat.
(39) Rick: From now on I’m going to walk to work everyday.
Paulo: Really? Talking of / That reminds me, petrol prices have gone up again.
Rick: See, not only will I get fit, but I’ll save money as well.
(40) Although / Despite I want to give up smoking I’m going to have just one more.
ReadingRead the article below and answer these questions.
(1) Which company was founded on recycling junk?
(2) Which word drives the prices up in the tour industry?
(3) Why is it difficult to find a genuine green holiday?
(4) What is the main advantage of shopping at The Natural Store?
(5) According to the text, why should people buy eco-friendly products?
Being green has never been easier. In the past, if you wanted to buy things that were environmentally friendly it could be really difficult. You would often spend hours going from one shop to another, which, if you used your car, would make the whole exercise pointless. But, now thanks to the internet and an increased awareness that buying green doesn’t mean having to spend a fortune, it’s much easier to ‘eco-shop’.
Companies like Lost and Found in London are leading the way when it comes to recycling our junk. Set up by Becky Oldfield, the company specializes in making furniture and covers. One of the key things that Lost and Found do is to source their materials locally. Becky will go round to local companies and get whatever they are throwing away and use these things in her products.
Meanwhile, Electra Gillies has set up her own eco-tourism company. She used to work as a journalist for a national newspaper and realized that there was a demand for ‘green holidays’. To ensure that her holidays really are green she goes out and visits every place she advertises. Unfortunately, this is necessary as there is no international eco-standard and companies often realize that if they use the word ‘green’ they can charge more for the same thing. One of the best things as far as Electra is concerned is that most of the places she has chosen use renewable energy, employ local staff and therefore re-invest in the local economy.
Finally, Rachel Rogers has started her own online department store, thenaturalstore.co.uk. The idea for The Natural Store came from the fact that Rachel was frustrated by having to shop at lots of different places to buy what she wanted. She thought that it would be good to start a shop where you could buy Fairtrade products, organic food, environmentally friendly cosmetics and ethical clothing all in one place. Although things cost a bit more it is worth it because the result is a cleaner planet.
So, the next time you are thinking about the environment and you’d actually like to do something positive, check out the options that are available. You’ll be surprised just how easy it is to be green.
Вариант № 2
Language section
Vocabulary
A Complete the sentences with the words in the box.
a lot of thought Cape hard up money to burn my own back
pride yourself remind yourself the benefit of the doubt
(1) When you’re ______ you can’t turn down an opportunity to make some money.
(2) Sometimes you have to ______ how difficult it is to get a good job.
(3) I had to give the offer ______ before saying yes.
(4) I don’t think I’ll ever have ______, but you never know.
(5) Just wait! I’ll get ______ on you soon.
(6) I really think you should give her ______.
(7) The _____ of Good Hope is the most southern point in South Africa.
(8) You really should ______ on what you’ve achieved.
B Replace the words and phrases in italics with a word or phrase in the box.
underpass sick and tired short and sweet make up give a damn fries check
(9) Excuse me! Can I have the bill please?
(10) I just don’t care.
(11) Would you like chips with that?
(12) Please try and keep it to a minumum.
(13) I’ll just have to invent a good excuse.
(14) You have to go through the subway.
(15) I’m fed up of you complaining all the time.
GrammarC Complete the text with the correct form of the words in brackets.
In the Carribean there are many stories of about pirates and buried treasure. On one island alone it
(16) _______ (rumour) that at least five pirates buried there treasure somewhere on the island.
A number of maps (17) _______ (find) that (18) _______ (suppose) to show the exact location of the treasure and some people have paid a lot of money for these maps. However, so far no treasure
(19) _______ (discover) and it (20) ___ now ______ (believe) that most of the maps (21) _______
(create) by a local conman who saw an opportunity to make some money out of the legends.
D Complete each sentence using the prompts.
(22)’I’m flying to Hawaii tomorrow.’
He said / the following day
__________________________________________________________________.
(23) ‘This could be the perfect location.’
He said / perfect location
__________________________________________________________________.
(24) Where are you going?
She asked / was
_________________________________________________________________.
(25) My camera is broken so
I’m going to / get it / repair
__________________________________________________________________.
(26) I can’t do this on my own. I’ll
get / friends / help me.
__________________________________________________________________.
(27) I’m going for a job interview tomorrow.
I think I need to /have / hair cut
__________________________________________________________________.
E Complete the text with a, the or –.
Working as (28) ___ location scout is interesting but (29) ___ job can be tough. It can be difficult to find (30) ___ perfect location and often (31) ___ schedule is so tight that there is little time for mistakes. However, as location scout Nina Sutherland said, ‘When you come across somewhere perfect it’s great.’ (32) ___ locations are often an important factor in making (33) ___ perfect movies, so Nina has a vital job to do.
ReadingPart 1
Read the article below and answer the questions.
(1) What were some early maps made from?
(2) Who used the sky to help them draw maps?
(3) Apart from travel information, what did some early maps show?
(4) What information was often missing in old maps?
(5) What is special about McArthur’s map?
Throughout history people have used maps, but these maps have not always been drawn on paper. In fact, some of the earliest maps were made on pieces of stone or sometimes simply by drawing a map on the ground to show travellers the way to go. The oldest maps that we still have today date back 4,000 years or so. A map is basically a kind of picture of an area and is designed to help people find their way from one place to another. However, to do this, it is necessary to know where you are starting from. The ancient Greeks invented a geographical grid using the stars as their starting points. They drew lines going from North to South – Longitude and lines going East to West – Latitude. Using these lines, it was possible to work out where you were and look at where you wanted to go on the map.
The use of stars to help navigate has long been known and so it should not come as a surprise to learn that
map-making relied heavily on the stars to help determine location. The Greeks were so fascinated by the night sky that they made as many maps of the skies as they did of the land around them.
Of course, maps can show far more than simple geographical features. Ancient maps often included drawings of people and animals to show who or what lived in a particular location. Some maps have amazing pictures of mythical creatures, like dragons or people with two heads. Maps like these were used not only to show locations but also to give people some idea of what they might find there – and often warn people of dangers.
Many old maps (and even some today) have large blank areas. In fact, many of the maps from the 15th and 16th centuries show the coastlines of countries and continents in detail, but very little of the inland areas. Nowadays, with the use of satellite technology, we have comprehensive maps of even the most remote areas of the world.
Of course maps can now show who owns the land, give population, economic or political information, as well as including physical features such as mountains, lakes, rivers and roads. Many maps of the world have the UK and Europe in the centre of the map. This is partly because the line of zero degrees longitude goes through Greenwich in London. However, there are maps that show the USA or China at the centre of the map. And, there is a map designed by Stuart McArthur, an Australian, that not only has Australia in the centre but also has the South Pole at the top of the map and the North Pole at the bottom. Many people, when they first see this map, think that it is upside down and try to turn it round. Of course, it isn’t upside down at all – it is simply a different perspective of the world.

Литература
Основная
Бонк Н.А. Учебник английского языка /Н.А. Бонк , Н.А. Лукьянова,
Л.Г Памухина . – М.: «Деконт +» - «ГИС», 2004. – 510с.
2. Грамматика английского языка / сост.В.Л. Каушанская; под ред. Б.А.Ильиша. - Л., 1959.- 300с.
3. Concise Dictionary of Great 20th Century Biographies. Gramery Books, 1997.- 340с.
4. Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English. Pearson Education Limited, 2000.- 259 с.
5. Martin Parrot. Grammar for English Language Teachers. Cambridge University Press, 2001.-145 с.
6. Oxford Dictionary of Current Idiomatic English / A.P.Cowie, R.Mackin, I.R.McCaig.2000. – 567 с.
Доплнительня1. Учимся говорить по английски // Сборник текстов и упражнений /В.С. Шах-Назарова [и др.].- М.: «Светон», 1995.- 375 с.
2. Ершова, Татьяна Александровна. От формы содержанию: тесты по грамматике немецкого языка: учеб. пособие для неязыковых вузов. - М.: Высшая школа, 2009.
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