CHAPTERS ex-s


CHAPTERS 1-2
Vocabulary Section
1. Work out the suggested list of useful words and expressions, translate into Russian:
to keep accounts
to know smb inside and out
to set one’s mind on doing smthto serve the purpose well
to have the nerve to do smthto make a mess of something
to have a notion of something
to take a weight off somebody's mind
a spot of lunch
to design the sets
in point of fact
to shake one's head in refusal
to be as thin as a rail
to take liberties with something/somebody
to turn people round one's little finger
to put someone at (his/her) ease
to be a treat for somebody
to go on tour
at cost price
to see no point in something/doing something
in somebody's favournot to sleep a wink
to wring (wrung, wrung) one's heart
now and then
to give something (any) thought
to take one's breath away
Flesh and blood can’t stand it
to arouse a protective instinct
to have much inclination to do smthto mock
entanglement
perseverance
2.Test your understanding of the text:
a)What does Michael say about the way accounts are kept in their theatre?
they are kept very well
they are kept in the same way as in other theatres
they are in a mess
b)What does Michael mean by the phrase "the way some of those firms in the city keep their accounts is enough to turn your hair grey"?
some firms manage to keep their accounts in amazing order
accounts at some firms are in an awful mess
some firms pay severe penalties for disorder in their accounts
с) Julia believes that Michael's secretary knew him "inside and out". How should we understand that phrase?
she does not know him at all
she is his lover
she knows him very well
d) Looking at the young man's hair Julia wished he "made the most of it". What should he have done to his hair to make it look more attractive to Julia?
had it cut short
had it dyed
- had arranged it so as to show its beauty
e) Julia was known for her "velvet look". What kind of look is that?
piercing
soft
frightening
f) The author says that Jimmie Langton looked like one of Rubens' prosperous burghers. How should we picture him?
lean
robust
businesslike
g) The author characterizes Jane Taitbout as a "stagy actress". What does he imply?
that Jane was a talented actress
that Jane had a great experience of acting
that Jane's acting was unnatural
h) Jimmie Langton said that Julia had "an indiarubber face". What do you think that means?
her face could show any feeling or emotion
her face was not particularly attractive
she had dark complexion
i) In talking to Julia Jimmie Langton says "Now let's come down to brass tacks". Does he mean that they shouldgo to the races?
talk about the facts which are of fundamental importance?
go and listen to the brass orchestra?
j) When Michael says: "Bricks without straw; that's what we actors are expected to make nowadays", does he mean that actors are expected to
do a good job without the necessary materials?
go into the construction industry?
make a mess of their professional activity?
3. These conversational expressions appear in the text. What do you think they mean?
He is a young man of tact.
I haven't a notion.
Are you a quick study?
I always design the sets myself for our plays.
The poor lamb's as thin as a rail.
I don't eat it because I see no point in it.
I'm a great stickler for saying the author's exact words.
h)His admiration made them feel a little larger than life-size.
i)I can be word-perfect in any part in forty-eight hours.
j) He worked his company hard.
k) Michael thought we were getting a bit ragged.
4. Here are some sentences from the text. Explain what the words in bold type mean.
a) ... and having had exactly the bedroom that pleased her in the old house in Regent's Park which they had occupied since the end of the war she brought it over bodily.
b) His face had broadened and was a good deal lined.
c) Since his five years at the war he had adopted a military bearing.
d) I'm afraid we must admit that he's partial where I'm concerned.
e) ... and then raising them gazed at him for a little with that soft expression that people described as her velvet look. She had no object in doing this.
f) She wanted him to have his money's worth.
g)You should just go to a first night and see the society people how they mob the photographers, cabinet ministers and judges and everyone.
h) .. so that one and all they couldn't let him down.
i) He took it as a natural homage, but did not allow it to turn his head.
j) He was easy enough in ordinary dialogue and could say his lines with point...
5. Match the words on the left with their meanings on the right.
tournament •a to hang loosely and swing to and fro
attache•b smth. ridiculous in an unpleasant way or extremely ugly or unpleasant
sovereign •c a person who works in an embassy and has a particular area of responsibility in which they have specialist knowledge
complacency(disapproving) •d an angel that is represented in art as a beautiful, rather fat naked child with small wings
crest •e a king or a queen
accountant •f a formal picture that is used by a family, town, organization, etc. as their particular sign
motto •g a feeling of calm satisfaction with your own abilities
cherub •h a competition
burgher (humorous) •i a short sentence or phrase that expresses a principle of good or correct behaviourflamboyance •j a person who keeps, examines the records of money paid, received, etc.
grotesque •k a person of the middle social classes who lives in a city
upholster •l great confidence in behaviourjudicious •m the act of practicing for a performance
dangle •n having, showing or expressing good sound judgment
rehearsal •o to cover furniture with fabric covering, cushions and padding
laudable •p showing too much pride in oneself and too little consideration for others
arrogant •q be standing or loitering about, doing nothing definite
bellow (v) •r deserving praise
stagger •s make a loud deep noise (like a bull), roar, shout
hang about •t tribute paid (to smb’s merits)
homage •u to walk or move unsteadily from weakness, heavy burden or drunkenness.
6. a) Find the synonym in the right column which suits the meaning of the word in the left one:
complacent famous, noted
filthy reasonable
discreetly bunch
racy self satisfied, smug
tedious behaviourlegitimate impure, dirty, unclean
bearing monotonous, dull
bundle cautiously
eminent spicy, salty

b) Match the synonyms and the definitions with the words given in the first column.
1. be superior a. shrill 1. to be successful
2. frivolous b. abuse 2. to bring under control by influence or force
3. wealthy, rich c. excel 3. having too much pride
4. mistreat d. stupendous 4. rough and stormy, undisciplined
5. repress, suppress e. flippant 5. a high-pitched sharp sound
6. conceited, egotistical f. prosperous 6. astonishing or impressive
7. scream g. subdue 7. improper treatment
8. noisy h. vain 8. extravagantly ornate
9. showy i. flamboyance 9. to do better than others
10. tremendous j. boisterous 10. showing disrespect or lack of seriousness
c) Find a synonym:
a. laudable
b. to mob
c. rubicund
d. shrewdly
e. rejoinder
f. vitality
g. eminent praiseworthy loud vital intolerable
to twist to dangle to overcrowd to talk
pink brown silver red
sharp showy shameful florid
member murmur answer question
violence violet liveliness complacency
famous important intensive frank
7. Find in the text the English equivalents for the following expressions:
вести счета;
по себестоимости;
дополнить слово жестом;
этого достаточно, чтобы поседеть;
слушать вполуха;
знать кого-либо очень хорошо;
навести порядок в чем-либо;
не иметь понятия, не знать;
ободрить, успокоить кого-либо;
сообщать скучные подробности;
привезти полностью, целиком;
снять груз с души;
идеальный вкус;
чувствовать себя комфортно;
худой как щепка;
решить твердо сделать что-либо;
сыграть свою роль удачно в каком-либо деле;
управлять, манипулировать людьми;
осмелиться сделать что-либо.
8. Say the same in English:
a) Головний обов'язок бухгалтера - вести рахунки.
b) Актори театру української драми багато гастролюють по країні.
с) Їм було приємно йти назустріч його вимогам.
d) 3 жалем Джулія подивилася на хрустку й апетитну картоплю і лише заперечно похитала головою.
e) При перекладі з однієї мови на іншу не можна вільно поводитися з текстом.
f) Насправді вона не мала уявлення, як вести бухгалтерські книги.
g) Не можу зрозуміти, що він має на увазі.
h) Не бачу сенсу в тому, щоб іти туди зараз. Мері все переплутала, і ми маємо спочатку допомогти їй розібратися в цій справі
і) Елен не стулила очей за всю ніч - вона думала про бідну Неллі.
9. There are many short comparisons such as «as thin as a rail» in English to make the language more vivid and clear. Below are some of the most common ones. Match each of them with a suitable word from the box. Translate them into Russian.
a pancake
a church mouse
the hills
mustard
a daisy
as flat as
as light as
as poor as
as old as
as warm as
as slippery as
as keen as
as cool as
as fresh as
as cunning as
a feather
an eel
a toast
cucumber
a fox
10. Translate the sentences from Russian into English.
Каждое предприятие должно вести свои счета должным образом. В противном случае оно может иметь крупные финансовые неприятности.
Только квалифицированный бухгалтер может навести порядок в путанице счетов.
Ваши добрые слова сняли тяжелый груз с моей души. Спасибо вам за участие.
Джулию не интересовали дела Майкла и его секретарши, поэтому она слушала их вполуха.
Молодой человек был настолько взволнован, что он даже улыбался натянуто, а руки его дрожали. Джулия, как могла, старалась успокоить и ободрить этого робкого молодого человека.
Майкл обладал идеальным вкусом, и нет ничего удивительного в том, что он мог сделать что-нибудь стоящее буквально из ничего.
Джулия не любила новый дом и чувствовала себя комфортно только в своей комнате, куда она перевезла все полностью из старой квартиры.
Майкл был искренне возмущен условиями контрактов, которые осмеливались предлагать ему молодые авторы.
11. Who said these words? In what way do they characterize the people who said them?
Julia Michael Jimmie Langton Tom Jane TaitboutI've had a good deal of experience. I always design the sets myself for our plays.
It's not so much the play I went to see, it was your performance.
The poor lamb's thin as a rail.
It's wonderful how soon you can break yourself of it [a habit], if you set your mind to it.
If the play's wrong no acting in the world will save it.
f) Don't be natural. The stage isn't the place for that. The stage is make-believe. But seem natural.
g)After all, with the exercise I take I can eat anything I like.
h)Never pause unless you have a reason for it, but when you pause, pause as long as you can.
i)I'm a great stickler for saying the author's exact words, though, God knows, the words authors write nowadays aren't much.
12. Find facts from Chapter 1 to support these statements:
The young man admired Julia tremendously.
Julia’s room was the only room in the house in which she felt completely at home.
Michael was the best-looking actor on the English stage.
13. Out of the suggested adjectives pick up the ones which best describe the characters introduced in the first chapters.
Julia Michael Jimmie Langton Tom Jane TaitboutExperienced, neat, businesslike, complacent, a man of tact, ironical, conceited, boastful, shy, sensible, affected, unnatural, sympathetic, vain, gifted, natural, pedantic, practical, awkward, frank, quick, sober-minded, open, reliable, gracious, eccentric, conservative, exuberant, insincere, arrogant, charming, desiring, smart, persevering, talented, boisterous, emotional, a woman of great vitality, unimaginative, good-tempered, composed, sensitive, witty, intelligent, sarcastic, dull, dignified, elegant, common, stagy, theatrical, snobbish, cheerful, showy, sociable, friendly, kind-hearted, shrewd
14. Put the sentences in the correct order according to the Chapter 2.
The result of the interview was that Michael got an engagement.
James Langton was running a repertory theatre and was in need of a leading juvenile.
Julia had an impulse to look at some of her old photographs.
It was two years later that Jimmie Langton discovered Julia.
Julia was a born actress and it was an understood thing that she was to go on the stage.
Notwithstanding his beauty, his grace and his ease of manner, Michael remained a cold lover.
Jane Taitbout made deliberate that wonderful sense of timing which Julia had by instinct.
15. Which of the following statements are true and which are false? Write «T» if the statement is true and «F» if it is false. Give reasons for your answers.
When Julia had an impulse to look at some of her old photographs she found them in large cardboard cases, dated and chronologically arranged.
Roger liked to be photographed with Julia. It was fun for him to be in the papers.
Julia had a lovely figure, everyone admitted that, but her articulation was indistinct.
Jimmie Langton loved acting, but his physique prevented him from playing any but a few parts, which was fortunate for he was a bad actor.
Jimmie Langton quickly came to the conclusion that Michael’s perseverance and desire to excel would help him to become more than just a competent actor.
By the time Jimmie Langton discovered Julia, she’d been already a great actress.
16. Note down theatrical terms you have come across in the chapters.
Post-Reading Discussion Section
1. Attention Check:
a) Who said these words: "After all, with the exercise I take I can eat anything I like"?
b) What is the name of Michael's secretary?
c) What is the Gosselyns' home address?
d) What furniture does Michael have in his study?
e) Did Michael eat fried potatoes at luncheon?
f) How many times had the young man seen Julia's play?
g) How old is Michael?
h) What did Julia write on the photograph she gave the young man?
i) What was the only Shakespearean part Julia had played?
j) Where was Julia born?
2. Discussion points.
Highlight the most important events of the Chapters 1-2.
Find the lines in the text to prove that Michael's and Julia's style of living shows that they belong to the world of theatre.
Compare the description of Michael's office at the theatre with the description of his private sitting-room at home. In what way do these descriptions speak about Michael's character?
Write up an interview with Michael asking him about the start of his career as an actor.
Write a short article about Michael's career to the magazine "Theatre Life".
6Why do you think the author compares the way Michael introduces Tom to Julia with an ambassador's behaviour?
7. Pick up some more lines to show that Michael was a vain and snobbish person. Is it good or bad to be vain and snobbish? Is it right to say that Julia is snobbish too? Or is she vain or showy? Is it natural or necessary for an actress always to aim at effect and to do everything for show?
8Is Julia sincere in saying that Michael has such perfect taste?
9. What is Julia's opinion of the people round her? What does she think about the society people, or about such people as Tom? Can you share her views?
10. Why do you think Julia uses the word "scrubby" when she is thinking about the impression she produces on Tom?
11. What does the description of Julia's bedroom give to the understanding of her character?
12. Why does the author call the language Julia uses in talking to herself "racy"? In what way does it show the author's attitude towards Julia?
13. Did Julia treat her little son, Roger, more as a mother, or more as an actress? What was her reaction when he refused to be photographed with her?
14. Pick out the lines which show that Julia is acting much of an actress even off the stage.
15. What is Julia's first impression of Tom? Why does she change her mind asking Tom to lunch and why does she find him sweet and charming later? Is it because of his looks or because of his good manners, or is it something else? In what way does it show her as an actress?
16. Imagine that you are Julia. Share your memories of your first steps on the stage.
17. What do you think Michael means when he says: "All an actress like Julia wants is a vehicle. Give her that and she'll do the rest"?
18. What do you think about publicity of actors' private life? In what way can the public interest and curiosity influence their behaviour, their natures, their style of living and their lives?
19. Do you think the public should know the details of actors' private life? Is it bad or good for the understanding of their acting? Which do you' prefer: to know as much as possible about your favourite actor's life or to know nothing?
20. What was Jimmie Langton's attitude to the actors of his company? Was he right in working his company hard? What is there more in the actors' profession, talent or work?
21. What was Jimmie Langton's attitude to Michael and Julia? In what way does it characterize them as actors?
22. Discuss the following: At the beginning of the career one has to work hard to ensure success in future.
CHAPTERS 3-4.
Vocabulary Section
1. Work out the following expressions. Recall the situations from the text in which they are used.to have bitter experiences
to feel inclined to do something
at first sight
to give someone a pang
to make a nuisance of oneself
to be bound to do something
to be in management
to reproach somebody for something
to come to the rescue
to be in circulation
to be content to do something
to be head over ears in love with somebody
to be set on something
to bear a look of
to play one’s cards well
to be inclined to do smthto be a milestone round one’s neck
to be stony
to throw one’s money about
to mention now and then
to be a great hit
to be full of praise
smb’s share of the expenses
to recover oneself immediately
out of the public eye
an engaging trait
a fine display of acting
to let a notion sink in his mind
to find backers
to act off the stage
to take courage in both hands
to take smb along
to take stock of somebody
to take a fancy to somebody
to take liberties with smb
2. Read the following words in transcription, than put them down minding the spelling.
[xNgwIS], [ôJkwqònImItI], [InòGenjVqs], [òsAmpCVqs], [IgòzjHb(q)r(q)ns], [ònjHs(q)ns], [IgòzLstId], [ôaVtòreIGqslI].
3. Test your understanding of the text:
a)The author writes that Julia was always a week or two behind with her rent. What does that mean?
she paid her rent in advance
she did not pay her rent on time
she paid her rent on the first or second Monday of a month
b)When Michael says: "I'd love to lend you a quid, but I'm absolutely stony", he means
he is quite firm in his opinion not to lend any money
he is completely without money
he feels no sympathy or kindness
c)When Julia says: "...one ought to make a point of acting together so that the public got accustomed to seeing the two names on the same bill", she means that
their names will appear on the same cashier's chequetheir names will appear in the same advertisement about the performance
they will appear in the same performance
d)What does that stand for in the sentence below? «She noticed at once that they were not of very good quality, poor lamb, he had not been able to bring himself to spring to that.»
buying stockings of high quality
telling her that the stockings were not of high quality
-buying cheap stockings
e)Julia thought that once or twice at restaurants Michael undertipped the waiter. What did Michael do?
he gave the waiter a very generous tip
he forgot to give the waiter his tip
he gave a smaller tip than was normal
f)When Michael said after seeing Julia act that she had shattered him what did he want to say she had done to him?
shocked him greatly
pleased him greatly
-annoyed him greatly
g)What did Julia mean by saying that Michael would be her "leading man"?
-he would control and guide her
he would star in chief parts with her
he would accompany her everywhere
h)Julia remembers that Michael's father was "civil" to her during their first meeting. As you understand this word, how did he behave to her?
he behaved like a patriot of his country
he was unfriendly
he was polite and helpful
i)What does the expression in bold type mean in the following sentence?
"By God, it was a put-up job".
a scheme intended to trick somebody
a well-done job
-a failure
j)In describing Michael's father Maugham writes: "His features had a worn distinction". Does it mean that Michael's father lookedvery tired and exhausted?
less honorable and superior than in his youth?
-less different from the other people?
4. Match the words from column A with the definitions from B.
A B
1. flatter v. a. a heavy burden, such as a responsibility or obligation
2. asset n. b. valuable or useful quality or skill
3. vain adj. c. anything valuable or useful
4. chuckle v. d. praise too much, praise insincerely (in order to please)
5. nuisance n. e. thing,person, act, etc., that causes trouble or offense
6. anguish n. f. care, economy in use of money
7. thrift n. g. without use, value, meaning or result.
8. exuberance n. h. a military formation
9. modest adj. i. not boasting about oneself or one's achievements; small, moderate in size.
10. queer adj. j. laugh with closed mouth (indicating amusement)
11. asset n. k. differing from the normal or usual in a way regarded as odd or strange
12. regiment n. l. the quality of being cheerful or vigorous; liveliness.
13. millstone n. m. severe suffering
5. Give the English variant of the following:
сильная актриса
упорно добиваться кого-либо
не совладать с собой
чрезмерно
финансировать кого-то
спустить состояние
печатка
на мгновенье
порядочная семья
застыть
использовать что-то для рекламыроскошный
тихий смех
окаянный, проклятый
взбалмошные девчонки
разгневанный
такое никогда не доводит до добра
наглая ложь
роман
неизбежный
горько упрекать себя
довести дело до конца
обижаться на что-л.
отважиться запротестовать
говорить прямо
невозмутимость
сдают нервы
стискивать зубы
выглядеть простецким
быть тугодумом
раскошелиться на 5 тысяч
морщинистое лицо
быть не у дел
внушительныйчрезвычайно тактично
быть загримированным
тяжелая походка
лакей
любезный/учтивый
6. Match the synonyms. Translate them.
economy
save
misery
love
frank
insult
mad
smart
pain
characteristic
take offence
lovingly
peppery
serene pang
hot-tempered
shrewd
fondly
insane
trait
equanimity
resent
put by
anguish
affecntionthrift
affront
ingenuous
7. Try to translate the sentences with idioms. Comment on them.
a) It was just like his good nature to come to the rescue when he knew she was at a loose end.
- without purpose or occupation
b) That’s the only way to make a packet.
– to earn a lot of money
c) When tempers grew frayed during a long rehearsal he remained serene.
- when people become angry
d) You make the rest look like a piece of cheese.
– look like nothing
e) The thing to do would be to act there in other managements for three or four years first; one's got to know the ropes.
- to have a thorough understanding of a particular sphere of activity
f) I'm going down like a barrel of oysters.
- to have much success, being much approved of
g) But when we've got our feet on the ladder.
- to have good prospects for the future
h) I know that you can act me off the stage, but we get on together like a house on fire…
- to get on very well, live in harmony;
- make progress quickly, or intensely
i) I've never met anyone who's a patch on you.
- anyone who is as good as you
8. Give the literary translation to the sentences from the text:
The London paragraphers mentioned her now and then, and a number of enthusiastic patrons of the drama made the journey to Middlepool to see her.
Her heart beat with delight.
Her heart thumped against her ribs.
They bore a look of happy expectancy.
9. Translate the following sentences into English.
Майкл считал, что жена для актера, особенно в начале его карьеры, может быть только обузой.
Если кто-то из труппы просил у Майкла деньги в долг, он всегда говорил, что он без гроша, и ему даже нечем заплатить за квартиру.
Самой привлекательной чертой Майкла был юмор, который помогал ему выходить из трудных ситуаций.
В Мидлпуле было много людей очень богатых, но вряд ли удалось бы заставить их раскошелиться в пользу двух молодых актеров, у которых нет ничего, кроме репутации.
Майкл решил провести страстную неделю в Четлхеме и взять с собой Джулию. Джулия была удивлена, когда получила письмо от матери Майкла.
Джулия прекрасно сыграла роль простой, скромной деревенской девушки. И родителям Майкла она пришлась по душе.
Когда Джулия почувствовала, что родители Майкла изучают ее оценивающим взглядом, она поняла, что эта встреча была подстроена.
Полковник начал заигрывать с Джулией и допустил некоторую вольность, ущипнув ее за ухо.
Родители Майкла, узнав об его помолвке с Джулией, приняли новость близко к сердцу и были растроганы до слез.
На обличчі Мері був вираз щасливого очікування тієї хвилини, коли мати обернеться і побачить її.
Джулія закохалася у Майкла по вуха з першого погляду.
Абсолютно несподівано Том опинився без будь-якої роботи. До того ж думка про хвору дочку краяла його серце.
Хоча Лілі одразу ж сподобалася батькам Тома, вони вивчалипевний час. І Том не судив їх за це.
Я не погоджуюсь докоряти йому за те, чого він не робив.
Post-Reading Discussion Section
1. Find facts from chapter 3 to support these statements:
1. Julia fell in love with Michael.
2. Michael didn’t like spending money.
3. Julia was no more to Michael than a friend.
2. Attention Check:
What was Michael's first part in Jimmie's theatre?
Did Michael have a university education?
What did Michael's father do?
Who said these words? "I think an actor's a perfect fool to marry young."
What was Julia's first present to Michael on his birthday? What was Michael's most engaging trait from Julia's point of view?
g)What newspaper did Michael's father like to read?
h)Was Mrs. Gosselyn (Michael's mother) tall or short?
i)Where did Michael propose to Julia?
3. Discussion points.
Why did Michael decide to become a good actor?
Why did Michael’s father insist on sending him to Cambridge?
Was Michael proud of his decent family?
What did Julia give Michael for his birthday?
How did it happen that Michael found out that Julia was a great actress?
Was Julia really in love with Michael or was it just a case of infatuation because he looked "like a Greek god"? Find the lines in the text to show Julia's behaviour towards Michael.
Can we say that Julia's feelings towards Michael were heated up by his "indifference", by his "severe" attitude towards her?
What were Michael's views on marriage? In what way do his views characterize him? Can you agree that the marriage can ruin an actor's career?
Comment on the writer's words: "He was too modest to resent an unfavourable criticism". In what way does it show Michael as an actor and as a person?
Why did Michael go into management? Whose idea was it? What were his first steps?
Do you think thrift is a good or bad feature of a human character? Which is better to be, extravagant and emotional as Julia, or practical as Michael?
Do you think Michael loved Julia? What do you think attracted him most in her, a person or an actress? What did he value about her most?
Does Michael appear to be the type of person you could like or admire? What emotion(s) do you feel towards him? Explain your answer.
What was the predicament Michael's mother found herself in? Why do you think Michael's parents had this notion about actresses? What do you think about people of the theatrical world? Are actors and actresses difficult to deal with?
Did Michael's parents and their house meet Julia's anticipation? What was the difference between the imaginable and the reality? How did Julia cope with the situation?
Do you think it was fair of Julia to play the part of "a simple modest country girl" before Michael's parents? Is it possible to say that she made fools of them? Why/why not? Motivate your answer.

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