контрольная 2


Контрольная работа №2
Вариант №1
Упражнение №1. Выберите правильный вариант.
Choose the correct answer:
1. Have you seen Simon today? Yes, ___ saw ___ this morning.
1) me, he
2) I, him
3) me, him
4) I, he
2. My brother ___ tennis every Saturday.
1) play
2) plays
3) is playing
4) was playing
3. Peter and ___ are going out this evening.
1) mine
2) I
3) them
4) it
4. ___ are going to the cinema.
1) She
2) He
3) I
4) We
5. I ___ back from a business trip to France last weekend.
1) come
2) came
3) never came
4) have just come
6. Can you help me? I ___ my homework, but I still don't understand exercise number 7.
1) finished
2) don't finish
3) have finished
4) finish
7. I can't believe that you ___ the news.
1) haven't read
2) didn't read
3) don't read
4) read not
8. The student ... about stall speed of the aircraft at the moment.
1) asks;
2) is asking;
3) ask.
9. He ___here from 1955 to 1960.
1) worked;
2) works;
3) has been working;
4) has worked.
10. He’s ___ his sister.
1) much taller that;
2) much taller than;
3) much taller than;
4) taller than.
Упражнение №2. Прочитайте и письменно переведите текст на русский язык.
It is 40 probable that the Aircraft started to deflect after touchdown because the PF forgot the checklist and the PIC as PM did not properly monitor or did not perform the necessary pointed out, as a result of which the Aircraft touched down with the nose wheel deflected to the right. It is somewhat likely that the PF could not properly control the Aircraft that had started to deflect after touchdown because he did not have sufficient knowledge concerning the aircraft system of the Aircraft, as a result of which he could not fully understand the situation when the deflection started. It is somewhat likely that the inadequate response of the PIC in the event of an unforeseen situation contributed to this. It is probable that PF had insufficient knowledge and could not fully understand the situation when the deflection started, because the Company had not properly confirmed the effectiveness of ground school training that should be held prior to route training and training on the establishment of knowledge.
Упражнение № 3. Ответьте на вопросы по тексту:
a) What exactly was damaged in the aircraft?
b) How many occupants were injured? Were there any fatalities?
c) Why didn’t the crew do anything with the disengaged nosewheel centering lock?
d) Was there any fire on board?
e) How long ago was the Twin Otter in service?
f) What are the main possible causes of the incident?
g) In your opinion which one is the most probable? Justify your answer.
Упражнение № 4 Переведите на русский язык:
a) Several people were badly injured in the accident.
b) No charge will be applied in case the flight is cancelled and such cancellation is properly notified within 24 hours before departure time.
c) The two trains collided about a mile outside the city.
d) Money damages are not sufficient to compensate for such infringement.
e) The test helps identify problems that might otherwise go unnoticed.
f) The only way to prevent motorists from trying to use that unsafe bridge is to put a fence across the road leading to it.
g) Many players have contributed to the team's success.
h) We're in a good position to monitor and respond to customer concerns.
Упражнение № 5. Расшифруйте аббревиатуры и переведите на русский язык.
NGS; ASM; WTAI; WHCU
Упражнение № 6. Выпишите слова и словосочетания, переведите их на русский язык:
Nitrogen generation system controller; thermal switch; temperature bulbs; to give back-up means; air separation module; to decrease; low flow modes; center fuel tank; wing thermal anti-ice system; pneumatic system; wing anti-ice panel (P5) controls; pneumatic ducts; the solenoid ball; actuator; actuator spring; pressure port; upstream pressure port; desired value; pilot regulator; to allow; manual control; manual operation; ground maintenance.
Упражнение № 7. Задайте все виды вопросов к предложениям:
1. The pack/zone temperature controllers (PZTCs) use the position of each temperature selector to calculate the heating required for each temperature control zone.
2. The engine and wing anti-ice panel uses this feedback to enable overheat and thrust conservation protection for the WTAI system.
3. Operation Valve shutoff operation is accomplished by energizing solenoid “C” to seat the solenoid ball on the inlet pressure port, closing off the actuator air supply and venting the actuator.
Упражнение № 8. Передайте содержание текста на английском языке:
Система кондиционирования воздуха (СКВ) обычно работает на воздухе, отбираемом от компрессоров работающих авиадвигателей, с температурой отбираемого воздуха до 500 градусов и давлением до 1,6 МПа. Воздух разделяется на два потока (линии). Один поток проходит систему интенсивного охлаждения и поступает в смеситель (холодная линия), второй поток поступает в смеситель напрямую (горячая линия). В смесителе оба потока дозированно смешиваются и затем подаются в гермокабину. Также горячий воздух на многих самолётах направляется в противообледенительную систему (ПОС) и проходит по трубам под обшивкой, обогревая её во избежание нарастания льда.
Вариант №2
Упражнение №1. Выберите правильный вариант
Choose the correct answer:
1. The student ____ about stall speed of the aircraft at the moment.
1) asks;
2) is asking;
3) ask.
2. William likes animals. He ___ a dog.1) have got2) has got3) haven't got4) hasn't got
3. Now, I ____ to see the view from the cockpit.
am expecting;
expect;
am expect.
4. I can't believe that you ___ the news.
1) haven't read
2) didn't read
3) don't read
4) read not
5. We ____ a great deal of information related to the primary flight control systems in this unit.
1) just covering;
2) have just covered;
3) just cover.
6. What is the noise? Jane ___ in the next room.
1) sing
2) sings
3) is singing
4) are singing
7. The primary flight control systems ... the elevator, aileron, and rudder, which are essential in controlling the aircraft.
1) consists of;
2) is consisting of;
3) consist of.
8. My brother ___ tennis every Saturday.
1) play
2) plays
3) is playing
4) was playing
9. She usually ___ the bus to school.
1) catches
2) catch
3) is catching
4) was catching
10. What ... airspeed indicator ...?
1) does ... show;
2) shows ... –;
3) do ... show.
Упражнение №2. Прочитайте и письменно переведите текст на русский язык.
Why Airplanes Fly
Airplanes are heavier than aircraft. They do not fall because air supports them.This supporting force of the air is called lift. Lift is developed by wings of the air-plane. Wings develop lift when they move through the air with sufficiently highspeed. This high speed is imparted to the airplane by its power plant. The power plantconsists of one or several jet engines. The jet engines develop thrust.
The amount of lift can be calculated as the difference of air pressures below thewing and above the wing. This difference depends on air speed of the airplane and onthe angle of attack of the wing. Generally the higher is the air speed of the airplanethe higher is the developed lift.
The amount of thrust can be calculated as the product of the mass of air flowing through the jet engine by its acceleration. As a rule, thrust is created wheneverthere are divergent passages which convert velocity, or kinetic energy, into pressure energy.
Упражнение № 3. Ответьте на вопросы по тексту:
Why don't airplanes fall?
What is lift?
On what flight parameters does lift depend?
4. When is lift developed?
5. What are wings for?
6. How do we call the device which imparts high speed to the airplane?
7.What parts does the power plant consist of?
8. What does the jet engine do?
9. How can we calculate the amount of lift?
10.Why is air pressure below the wing higher than air pressure above thewing?
11. What is thrust?
12. How can we calculate the amount of thrust?
13. What does the mass of air flowing through the engine depend on?
14. How do we call the difference between the input speed of the air and itsoutput speed?
15. What air passages are called divergent?
16. What air passages are called convergent?
17. Why are all exhaust nozzles divergent?
18. Is there any connection between velocity and pressure of air in a passage?
19. How do we call devices, which convert velocity into pressure?
20. In what units do we measure lift and thrust?
Упражнение № 4. Переведите на русский язык:
Read out the phrases with these words from the text and come up with your own ones.
Airplanes are heavier than aircraft;
Wings develop lift when they move through the air;
The amount of lift can be calculated;
Lift is developed by wings of the airplane;
The power plant consists of one or several jet engines;
This difference depends on air speed of the airplane;
Thrust is created whenever there are divergent passages which convert velocity, or kinetic energy, into pressure energy.
This difference depends on the angle of attack of the wing.
Упражнение №5. Расшифруйте аббревиатуры и переведите на русский язык.
ASM; PRSOV; NGSC; RAV; NGS; WTAI; PZTCs; WHCU
Упражнение № 6. Выпишите слова и словосочетания, переведите их на русский язык:
Airplanes; to be heavier than aircraft; to develop; the difference of air pressures; to move through; sufficiently high speed; power plant; jet engines; to develop thrust; the angle of attack of the wing; the amount of thrust; the product of the mass.
Упражнение № 7. Задайте все виды вопросов к предложениям:
The airplane is on the ground, supported by its landing gear.
The pilot switches the engines on, and they start developing thrust.
The passengers have already boarded the plane and are waiting for the air-plane to take off.
The pilot asks the flight dispatcher for permission to take off.
The runway must be free, and the dispatcher knows for sure if it isfree or not.
The plane has obtained the permission and the pilot applies the throttles and the plane starts moving.
Упражнение № 8. Передайте содержание текста на английском языке:
Мир все больше зависит от сильной̆ и динамичной̆ системы гражданской̆ авиации, способной̆ обеспечить безопасную перевозку пассажиров и грузов. Понятие 'безопасность' в применении к гражданской̆ авиации чрезвычайно емко и делится на две составляющие: безопасность полетов и авиационную безопасность. Первая зависит в основном от персонала авиакомпаний – людей̆, которые управляют самолетами, ремонтируют и обслуживают их на земле. на, как мозаика, складывается из сотен отдельных кусочков и зависит от множества факторов – от настроения пилота (так называемый̆ 'человеческий̆ фактор' (human factor), до качества болта, которым крепится та или иная важная деталь. А вот авиационная безопасность – это защита авиации от актов незаконного вмешательства в полеты (unlawful interference), то есть, как минимум призвать к порядку буянящего на борту самолета пьяного пассажира, как максимум – обезвредить террористов, решивших захватить воздушное судно (to hijack). Обеспечение высокого уровня безопасности международного воздушного транспорта было и остается важнейшей̆ задачей̆ авиационного сообщества.
Вариант №3
Упражнение №1. Выберите правильный вариант
Choose the correct answer:
1. How much __ it __ on the airplane we are flying?
1) is __ depends;
2) does __depends;
3) does __ depend.
2. What is the noise? Jane ___ in the next room.
1) sing
2) sings
3) is singing
4) are singing
3. We already ___ the altitude we need to fly.
1) gain;
2) gaining;
3) have gained.
4. She usually ___ the bus to school.
1) catches
2) catch
3) is catching
4) was catching
5. What ___ the pilot control aircraft in a safe and efficient manner?
1) help;
2) helps;
3) does help.
6. Linda ___ in Los Angeles all her life.
1) live
2) lives
3) is living
4) are living
7. Look, there ___ my books on the desk.1) is2) was3) were4) are
8. We ___ many lessons every day.1) have got
2) has got
3) had got
4) hasn't got 9. Gliders have no engines, but they still fly, ___?
1) haven’t they;
2) have they;
3) don’t they.10. A pump ___oil from the sump to various parts of the engine.
1) is forcing;
2) forces;
3) force.
Упражнение № 2. Прочитайте и письменно переведите текст на русский язык.
Airplanes are travelling machines that are manufactured to transport human beings and luggage from one location to another. Airplanes travel in air very faster compared to roadway vehicles, trains and ships. Airplanes are manufactured in different shapes and sizes according to the need and desire. When Airplane is travelling it has to lift its own weight, the fuel, the passengers and the luggage.
Parts of an airplane and their function are mentioned below in tabular form.
S.No Airplane Parts Function of the airplane part
1 Wing Generate lift to hold airplane in air.
2 Jet Engine Generate thrust to overcome the drag and to move in forward direction
3 Cockpit Pilot sit here to control and command the plane.
4 Fuselage (Body) Holds all parts together
5 Slats To increase airplane lift during takeoff and landing
6 Spoiler To reduce plane speed
7 Aileron Roll the wings side ward direction
8 Flaps Increase lift and drag of airplane during takeoff and landing
9 Elevator Deflect the tail of the airplane up and down motion
10 Rudder Deflect the tail direction to the left and right side
11 Vertical Stabilizer To maintain the balance of the airplane from swinging side ward directions
12 Horizontal Stabilizer To maintain the balance of the airplane from moving up-and-down
Упражнение № 3. Ответьте на вопросы по тексту:
What main parts do all airсraft consist of?
What are the main components of the airframe?
Where is the forward - looking radar located?
What components does the cockpit have?
What components are attached to the fuselage?
How do we define wings? Why wings develop lift?
Why air pressures below the wing and above the wing are different?
What is the angle of attack?
How does the angle of attack influence lift?
How do we define the wing chord?
Where is the leading edge of the wing located?
Where is the trailing edge of the wing located?
What are winglets?
What are winglets for?
Why do winglets diminish drag and provide a forward thrust component?
What is drag?
How is the forward thrust component developed by winglets?
What is landing gear for? What parts does it consist of?
What is tail unit?
What controls are located on the tail unit?
How do we call the vertical stabilizing surface?
How do we call the horizontal stabilizing surface?
Упражнение № 4. Переведите на русский язык:
The wings have additional hinged, rear sections near the body that are called flaps. Flaps are deployed downward on takeoff and landing to increase the amount of force produced by the wing. On some aircraft, the front part of the wing will also deflect. Slats are used at takeoff and landing to produce additional force. The spoilers are also used during landing to slow the plane down and to counteract the flaps when the aircraft is on the ground. The next time you fly on an airplane, notice how the wing shape changes during takeoff and landing.
Упражнение №5. Расшифруйте аббревиатуры и переведите на русский язык.
ICAO; CIS; IATA; CRS; RWY; TWY; AMB; FIDS.
Упражнение №6. Выберите правильное слово из предложенных вариантов:
The wing generates lift/thrust to hold airplane in air.
Jet Engine generates thrust/lift to overcome the drag and to move in forward direction.
Slats increase airplane lift during takeoff and landing/ during takeoff.
Elevator deflects the tail of the airplane up/ up and down motion.
Rudder deflects the tail direction/ the balance to the left and right side.
Vertical Stabilizer maintains the balance the airplane from swinging side ward directions.
Horizontal Stabilizer maintains the balance of the airplane from moving up-and-down.
Fuselage (Body) holds all parts together.
Flaps increase lift and drag/lift of airplane during takeoff and landing.
Aileron/ Slats roll the wings side ward direction.
Упражнение № 7. Выпишите слова и словосочетания, переведите их на русский язык:
Travelling machines; to transport human beings; to transport luggage from one location to another; roadway vehicles; different shapes and sizes; to generate lift; to move in forward direction; to control and command the plane; to hold all parts together; to reduce plane speed; deflect the tail of the airplane up and down motion; to maintain the balance of the airplane from swinging side ward directions; to maintain the balance of the airplane from moving up-and-down.
Упражнение №8. Задайте все виды вопросов к предложениям:
The wing generates lift to hold airplane in air.
Jet Engine generates thrust to overcome the drag and to move in forward direction.
Slats increase airplane lift during takeoff and landing.
Elevator deflects the tail of the airplane up and down motion.
Rudder deflects the tail direction to the left and right side.
Vertical Stabilizer maintains the balance/ direction of the airplane from swinging side ward directions.
Horizontal Stabilizer maintains the balance of the airplane from moving up-and-down/ the balance of the airplane from swinging side ward directions.
Fuselage (Body) holds all parts/wing area together.
Flaps increase lift and drag of airplane during takeoff and landing.
Ailerons roll the wings side ward direction.
Упражнение № 9. Передайте содержание текста на английском языке:
Самолёт — воздушное судно, предназначенное для полётов в атмосфере с помощью силовой установки, создающей тягу, и неподвижного, относительно других частей аппарата крыла, создающего подъёмную силу. Неподвижное крыло отличает самолёт от вертолёта, а наличие двигателя — от планёра. От дирижабля и аэростата самолёт отличается тем, что использует аэродинамический, а не аэростатический способ создания подъёмной силы.

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