1. State which of the comparative structures represent metaphors and similes
1. You talk exactly like my father!
2. The grin made his large teeth resemble a dazzling miniature piano keyboard in the green light. (J. Jones)
3… was his habit not to jump or leap at anything in life but to crawl at everything. (Dickens)
4. She was obstinate as a mule, always had been, from a child.
5. When my missus gets sore she is as hot as an oven.
6. The air was hot and felt like a kiss as we stepped off the plane.
7. Like a sigh, the breath of a living thing, the smoke rose.
8. He felt like an old book: spine defective, covers dull, slight foxing, fly missing, rather shaken copy.
9. The clock has struck, time was bleeding away.
10. Dance music was bellowing from the open door of the Cardogan’s cottage.
11. In November a cold unseen stranger, whom the doctors called Pneumonia, stalked about the colony. Touching one here and there with ice fingers.
Differentiate between genuine and trite metaphors.
Swan had taught him much. The great kindly Sweed had taken him under his wing.
Then would come six or seven good years when there might be 20 to 25 years of rain, and the land would shout with grass.
It was a ladylike yawn, a closed mouth yawn, but you couldn’t miss it; her nostril-wings gave her away.
Speak about the role of the context in creation of the image.
England had two eyes, Oxford and Cambridge. They are the two intellectual eyes.
2. The waters have closed above your head, and the world has closed upon your miseries and misfortunes for ever.
2.Distinguish between metonymy and metaphor
1.... came to the place where the Stars and Stripes stood shoulder to shoulder with the Union Jack. (Steinbeck)
2. “… he had a stinking childhood.” “If it was so stinking why does he cling to it?” “Use your head. Can’t you see it’s just that Rusty fees safer in diapers than he would in skirts?”
3. I get my living by the sweat of my brow.
4. She was a sunny, happy sort of a creature. Too fond of the bottle.
5. The man looked a rather old forty-five, for he was already going grey
3.State which of the attributes represent epithets
1.... whispered the spinster aunt with true spinster-aunt-like envy.(Dickens)
2. A lock of hair fell over her eye and she pushed it back with a tired, end-of-the-dayjesture. (J. Braine)
3. The money she had accepted was two soft, green, handsome ten-dollar bills. (Dreiser)
4. “Thief,” Pylon shouted. “Dirty pig of an untrue friend.”
5. A breeze …. Blue curtains in and out like pale flags, twisting them up toward the frosted wedding-cake of the ceiling.
6. He was a thin wiry man with a tobacco-stained smile.
7. The only place he left was the deck strewn with nervous cigarette buts and sprawled legs.
4.Comment on the play upon words:
1. His arm about her, he led her in and bawled, 'Ladies and worser halves, the bride!' (S. Lewis)
2. Then there were the twin boys, whom the family called "Stars and Stripes ", as they were whipped regularly. (O. Wilde)
3. There comes a period in every man's life, but she's just a semicolon in his. (S. Evans) (period in American English means " a full stop")
4. Isn 't it discouraging when it takes two days to fly a letter from coast to coast? I get so mad I mark the envelopes Air-Snail". (example from the work by С.Ж. Нухов)
5.Point out litotes and hyperbole
1. She was not without realization already that this thing was impossible, so far as she was concerned. (Dreiser)
2. Joe Clegg also looked surprised and possibly not too pleased. (Christie)
3. Her family is one aunt about a thousand years old. (Fitzgerald)
4. God, I cried buckets. I saw it ten times.
5. Tom was conducted through a maze of rooms and labyrinths of passages
6.Comment on the peculiarities of antonomasia
1. Every Caesar has his Brutus. (O. Henry)
2. There are three doctors in an illness like yours... Dr. Rest, Dr. Diet and Dr. Fresh air. (D. Cusack)
3. … we sat down at a table with two girls in yellow and three men, each
one introduced to us as Mr. Mumble.
4. Then there’s that appointment with Mrs. What’s- her- name for her bloody awful wardrobe.
5. (The actress is all in tears). Her manager: “Now what’s all this Tosca stuff about?”
7.Explain the meaning of these euphemisms
1. “ I expect you 'd like a wash,' Mrs. Thompson said. 'The bathroom 's to the right and the usual offices next to it'. (J. Braine)
2. Why, in the name of all the infernal powers, Mrs. Merdle ...? (Dickens)
8.What allusion is made in the extract?
"Christ, it's so funny! Madame Bovary at Columbia Extension School!" (Salinger)
9.Point out how irony is created below:
1. Contentedly Sam Clark drove off, in the heavy traffic of three Fords and the Minniemachie House Free Buss.
2. Stony smiled the sweet smile of an alligator.
3. Henry could gloriously tipsy on tea and conversation.
10. Periphrasis. State the nature and function of the following periphrasis.
1. His arm about her, he led her in and balled, “LADIES AND THE WORSER HALVES, the bride!”
2. The nose was anything but Grecian – that was a certainty, for it pointed to heaven.
3. “I expect you like a wash,” Mrs. Thompson said. “The bathroom’s to the right and the usual offices next to it”.
4. The hospital was crowded with the surgically interesting products of the fighting in Africa.
5. He would make some money and then he would come back and marry his dream from Blackwood.
6. She was still fat; the destroyer of his figure sat at the head of the table.
Relations of contrast.
11. Oxymoron. Discuss the structure of the following oxymorons.
1. They looked courteous curses at me.
2. … he was certain the whites could easily detect his adoring hatred of them.
3. He … caught a ride home to the crowded loneliness of the barracks.
1. “How slippery it is, Sam.”
“Not an uncommon thing upon ice, Sir,” replied Mr. Weller.
2. I am a vagabond of the harum- scarum order, and not of the mean sort…