диета беременной женщины


2.New words
A DIET FOR PREGNANT WOMEN
Выучите слова и прочитайте текст.
1) total [toutlj n целое, а полный, суммарный2) need [ni:d] n потребность
3) to increase [in'kris] v повышать, увеличивать
4) to supply [saplai] v обеспечивать, восполнять
5) fetal [fetal] n зародыш, эмбрион
6) to consume [kans'jum] v потреблять, расходовать
7) extra [ekstra] а дополнительный
8) snack [sneik] n легкая еда между завтраком, обедом и ужином.
9) Protein [proutm] n белок
10) cell [sel] n клетка
11) maternal [тэ'1э:пэ1] а материнский
12) nerve tissue [narv'tisju:] нервная ткань
13) brain [brem] n мозг
14) dairy [dean] а молочная
15) minerals [minaralz] n минералы
16) calcium ['kaelsiam] n кальций
17) phosphorus [Tosfaras] n фосфор
18) to require [n'kwaia] v нуждаться
19) source [so:s] n источник
20) adsorption [ab'sopfn] n поглощение, всасывание
21) zinc [zigk] n цинк
22) iron [aian] n железо
23) anemia [a'm:mia] n анемия
23) metabolism [me'taebahzm] n обмен веществ
24) cereal [sisrial] n злаки, крупа.
25) substance ['sAbstans] n вещество, субстанция
26) yolk [jouk] n желток
27) carbohydrate [ka:bou'haidreit] n углевод
28) amount [a'maunt] n количество
29) scurvy [ska.-vi] n цинга
30) to strengthan [stren9anj v усиливать, укреплять
31) nervous [narvss] а нервная
CALORIES
During pregnancy the total caloric needs increase to supply energy for fetal development. A pregnant woman needs approximately 300 more calories per day than before she becomes pregnant. It may be a little less during the first trimester and a little more in the last. Woman carrying twins will need even more.
The extra 300 calories can come from an apple, half a cheese sandwich and a carrot stick. The best way to consume extra calories is healthy snacks eaten between meals.
PROTEIN, MINERALS, VITAMINS
Protein is a component of every body cell and important for building the maternal blood supply. Protein also is necessary for fetal hair, skin, muscle, nerve tissue and brain development. Women need approximately 10 more grams of protein daily — a total of 60 grams a day — during the pregnancy.
Minerals. Calcium and phosphorus are important minerals in fetal — bone development, a pregnant woman requires1.200 mg of calcium and phosphorus daily. This is a 50 increase over what a woman needed before she became pregnant.
Dairy products are excellent sources of both calcium and phosphorus, as well as of vitamin D which is necessary for calcium absorption.
Zinc is another mineral needed for fetal growth and development. Good food sources of zinc include meat, liver, eggs, seafood.
Iron builds maternal blood volume and fetal blood and muscle. Many women enter pregnancy with low iron stores, resulting in anemia. Foods rich in iron include red meat, especially liver, raisins and fortified breads and cereals.
Vitamins.
Vitamins are special substances that the body needs, along with proteins, fats, carbohydrates and minerals
Vitamin A is needed for healthy eyes and is found in fish-liver oil, egg yolk, butter, green vegetables and fruit.
Vitamin D is needed for healthy bones and for protection against rickets. It is found in very small amounts in egg, butter and fish. We get most of our Vitamin D from the sun.
Vitamin С protects against scurvy and is found in oranges, lemons, tomatoes and green vegetables.
Vitamin В is present in milk, eggs, liver. It is needed to strengthen our nervous system.

Folic acid is a vitamin important in protein metabolism, particularly in periods of rapid growth. Pregnant women should start the day with a good breakfast. Fortified ready-to eat cereal with milk and a glass of orange juice will provide at least half needs. Green leafy vegetables, liver and lentils are other good sources of folic acid.

1 Answer the questions.
1. What are vitamins?
2. What is Vitamin A needed for?
3. What is Vitamin D needed for?
4. What Vitamin can strengthen our nervous system?
3.Translate into English.
потребности в калориях повышаются, ежедневно, немного меньше, немного больше, двойня, дополнительные 300 калорий, полбутерброда с сыром, лучший способ, получить дополнительные калории, здоровая еда, между приемом пищи.каждая клетка тела, для построения, развитие мозга, более 10 г белка ежедневно, 50 %, до беременности, молочные продукты, кальций, фосфор, витамин Д, цинк — другой минерал, включают мясо, печень, яйца, мореп-родукты, низкое содержание железа, анемия, пища, богатая железом, злаки, начинать день, стакан апельсинового сока, листовые овощи, фолиевая кислота особые вещества, белки, жиры и углеводы, яичный желток, защита от рахита, в очень маленьких количествах, против цинги, укреплять нервную систему.
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3.. Вставьте вместо пропусков соответствующие слова или словосочетания:
approximately, to consume, body cell, excellent, twins, pregnancy, folic acid.
A pregnant woman needs ... 300 more calories per day then before she become pregnant. 2. Women carrying... will need even more. 3. The best way ... extra calories is healthy snacks eaten between meals. 4. Protein is a component of every ... and important for building the maternal blood supply. 5. Dairy products are ... sources of both calcium and phosphorus. 6. Many women enter... with low iron stores. 7. Green, leafy vegetables, liver are good sources of......
1)Подведение итогов :
2)Задание на дом: Используя изученный материал , составьте рассказ
8)Литература: Козырева Л. Г, Шадская Т. В. « Английский язык для медицинских колледжей и училищ»,Аванесьянц Э. М., Кахацкая Н. В, Мифтахова Т. В. «Английский язык для старших курсов», Тылкина С. А., Темчина Н. А. « Пособие по английскому языку для медицинских училищ»

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